Rijeka is Croatia’s main seaport and third-largest city (after Zagreb and Split). It has a population of 128,624 people and is situated on Kvarner Bay, an inlet of the Adriatic Sea (2011). The metropolitan region, which includes neighboring towns and municipalities, has a population of almost 240,000 people.
Rijeka was named the European Capital of Culture for 2020 in March 2016.
Historically, the city was hotly fought due to its strategic location and great deep-water port, particularly among Italy, Hungary (serving as the Kingdom of Hungary’s biggest and most significant port), and Croatia, changing ownership and demography numerous times over centuries. According to 2011 census statistics, the vast majority of its residents (82.52 percent) are now Croats, with minorities of Bosniaks, Italians, and Serbs.
Rijeka is the county seat of Primorje-Gorski Kotar. The city’s economy is mostly based on shipbuilding (shipyards “3. Maj” and “Viktor Lenac Shipyard”) and marine transportation. Rijeka is home to the Croatian National Theatre Ivan pl. Zajc, which was created in 1765, as well as the University of Rijeka, which was formed in 1973 but has origins going back to the School of Theology, which was founded in 1632.
Aside from Croatian, the community speaks its own unique variant of Venetian (Fiumano), with an estimated 20,000 speakers among autochtone Croats and diverse minorities. Fiumano has historically acted as a linguistic franca for the different cultures who occupy the cosmopolitan port-town.
Rijeka – Info Card
|POPULATION :||• City 128,624|
• Urban 213,666
• Metro 245,054
|TIME ZONE :||• Time zone CET (UTC+1)|
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
|ELEVATION :||0–499 m (0 – 1,561 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||45°19′N 14°25′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 48.25%|
• Female: 51.75%
|ETHNIC :||Croats: 106,136 (82.52%)|
Serbs: 8,446 (6.57%)
Bosniaks: 2,650 (2.06%)
Italians: 2,445 (1.90%)
|AREA CODE :||051|
|POSTAL CODE :||51000|
|DIALING CODE :||+385 51|
|WEBSITE :||Official Website|
Tourism in Rijeka
Rijeka is a one-of-a-kind cosmopolitan city with a stormy past, particularly throughout the twentieth century. For example, Rijeka was administered by eight different nations between 1918 and 1991, therefore a Rijeka resident born in 1917 might conceivably have held eight different passports without ever leaving the city borders. The city developed a distinct local character as a result of the city’s frequent changes in occurrences.
Rijeka is a large Croatian port located in the centre of the Kvarner Gulf. Rijeka is a crossroads of land and sea routes, linked to the rest of the globe via air, bus, rail, and ship lines. Despite being classified as mostly an industrial and port city, Rijeka is a fascinating city with stunning architecture, particularly in the secession style, a decent selection of museums, and a lively nightlife.
Rijeka was a major European port at the turn of the twentieth century, with weekly passenger service to and from New York. The famed ship Carpathia, which rescued the majority of the Titanic survivors, was sailing from New York to Rijeka, and the majority of the crew was Croatian. As a result, one of the Titanic’s life-belts is now housed at the Rijeka Naval Museum.
Unfortunately, Rijeka was also the world’s first fascist state, before Mussolini’s Italy and Hitler’s Reich. The constitution of Reggenza Italiana del Carnaro (Italian Regency of Kvarner), a short-lived state formed in 1919 following a coup d’etat by Italian war veterans headed by Gabriele D’Annunzio, known as the “Fascist Pioneer,” had a blend of fascism, anarchist, and elements of dadaism. To make matters worse, this outlandish entity was the first foreign state to recognize Lenin’s USSR.
On the plus side, Rijeka was an autonomous neutral state from 1920 to 1924. Rijeka had independence and neutrality thanks to a status comparable to that of Gdansk later on. In order to ensure optimum care for all minorities in the city, the official languages in the Free State of Rijeka were Croatian, Italian, and Hungarian.
In 1919, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, proposed Rijeka as the head of the League of Nations. Following World War II, Rijeka was one of the contenders to host the United Nations headquarters. The plan was to restore the Independent State of Rijeka as a special UN neutral state.
Rijeka is made up of two historic cities that were divided by the river Rjeina. On the west was Fiume or Rijeka, while on the east was Suak, a competing counterpart to Rijeka primarily populated by Croatians and under Yugoslavian or Croatian governmental administration during the most of the 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1945, the two cities amalgamated. A broad pedestrian bridge was created in front of Hotel Kontinental, which was transformed into a plaza, to symbolically unite the city. Most people are unaware that there is a river underneath this large plaza. It is a popular gathering and socializing spot, particularly among the younger generations.
With coming to Rijeka, you are joining to the list of people together with Che Guevara, James Joyce, Franz Liszt, Dora Maar, Enrico Caruso, Benito Mussolini, Gabriele D’Annunzio, Josip Jelačić, Bobby Fischer, Saddam Husein, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Johnny Weissmueller, Pope John Paul II and many others that have been in Rijeka before.
Climate of Rijeka
The topographical layout, with mountains rising abruptly only a few kilometers inland from the Adriatic coasts, allows for some dramatic climatic and scenery variations within a short geographic region. Beaches may be enjoyed throughout the summer in a characteristically Mediterranean environment along the city’s east (Peine, Kostrena) and west coasts (Kantrida, Preluk). At the same time, the Platak ski resort, which is just approximately 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) from the city, provides alpine skiing and plenty of snow throughout the winter months (at times until early May). The ski slopes provide views of Kvarner Bay and its islands.
Rijeka has a humid subtropical climate, with hot summers and moderate, wet winters. Snow is uncommon (usually 3 days per year, almost always occurring in patches). There are 20 days each year when the temperature reaches 30 °C (86 °F) or higher, and one day per year where the temperature does not surpass 0 °C (32 °F). Fog comes on around four days per year, mostly in the winter. The climate is also distinguished by a high frequency of rainfall. Bora winds (cold winds) are widespread in the winter.
Geography of Rijeka
Rijeka is situated in western Croatia, 131 kilometers southwest of Zagreb, on the northern shore of Rijeka Bay (14° 26′ east longitude, 45° 21′ north latitude), as part of the larger Kvarner Gulf of the Adriatic Sea, which is a big bayMediterranean Sea most severely indented to the European continent. The Bay of Rijeka is linked to the Bay of Kvarner by Vela Vrata (between Istria and the island of Cres), Srednja Vrata (between Cres and Krk Island), and Mala Vrata (between Krk and the mainland). The Rijeka is deep enough (approximately 60 m) for the largest sailing ships to take over a significant harbour. Rijeka is located near the mouth of the Rjeina River and in the Vinodol micro-region of Croatia’s coast. Because of its position, Rijeka serves as the starting point for two key land transport routes. Given that Rijeka is positioned beside the Dinaric Alps’ narrowest point, the first path is to the Pannonian Basin (about fifty kilometers). The alternative path, which goes via Postojna Gate, links Rijeka to Slovenia, Italy, and beyond.