The Independent State of Samoa, also known as Samoa and Western Samoa until 1997, is a Unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions. Savai’i and Upolu are the two major islands, with four smaller islands around the landmasses. Apia is the capital city. Around 3,500 years ago, the Lapita people found and inhabited the Samoan islands. They created their own language and cultural identity.
On December 15, 1976, Western Samoa was admitted to the United Nations. Because of the Samoans’ nautical abilities, European explorers dubbed the whole island group, which included American Samoa, “Navigator Islands” before the twentieth century.
English and Samoan (Gagana Fa’asmoa), which is also spoken in American Samoa, are the official languages.