Alice Springs is the third biggest town in Australia’s Northern Territory. Alice Springs, sometimes known as “the Alice” or just “Alice,” is located approximately in the geographic center of Australia.
To its indigenous occupants, the Arrernte, who have lived in the Central Australian desert in and around what is now Alice Springs for thousands of years, the place is known as Mparntwe. Surveyor William Whitfield Mills named the English word “Alice” after Lady Alice Todd (née Alice Gillam Bell), wife of telegraph pioneer Sir Charles Todd. Alice Springs has a population of 28,605, accounting for 12.2 percent of the territory’s total. Adelaide and Darwin are almost equidistant from Alice Springs.
The village is located on the northern edge of the MacDonnell Ranges, straddling the typically dry Todd River. The surrounding area is known as Central Australia, or the Red Centre, and it is an arid environment made up of various deserts. Temperatures at Alice Springs may vary drastically, with a summer high temperature of 35.6 °C (96.1 °F) and a winter low temperature of 5.1 °C (41.2 °F). Many challenges have arisen in Alice Springs in recent years, mostly as a result of an increase in crime and a major ethnic split that has existed in the town for many years.