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Brunei travel guide - Travel S helper

Brunei

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Brunei, formally the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia, situated on the north coast of Borneo. Apart from its coastline along the South China Sea, the nation is entirely bordered by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is split in two by the Limbang district of Sarawak. Brunei is the only sovereign state entirely contained inside the island of Borneo; the remainder of the island is split between Malaysia and Indonesia. Brunei’s population was 408,786 in July 2012.

At the height of the Bruneian Empire, Sultan Bolkiah (who reigned from 1485 to 1528) controlled the majority of Borneo, including the modern states of Sarawak and Sabah, the Sulu Archipelago northeast of Borneo, Seludong (modern Manila), and the islands in Borneo’s northwest corner. The Spanish Magellan Expedition visited the coastal kingdom in 1521, and it battled Spain in the Castile War of 1578.

The Bruneian Empire started to deteriorate in the nineteenth century. The sultanate granted James Brooke Sarawak (Kuching) and established him as a white Raja, while Sabah was granted to the Northern British Chatting Company of Borneo. Brunei became a British protectorate in 1888, and in 1906, a British resident was appointed colonial director. In 1959, after the Japanese occupation during World War II, a new constitution was drafted. In 1962, with the assistance of the British, a tiny revolt army against the monarchy was put down.

On 1 January 1984, Brunei achieved independence from the United Kingdom. Brunei became an industrialized nation throughout the 1990s and 2000s, with a GDP rise of 56 percent between 1999 and 2008. He has amassed huge oil and natural gas reserves. Brunei ranks second on Southeast Asia’s human development index, after Singapore, and is classed as a “developed country.” Brunei ranks sixth in the world in terms of gross domestic product per capita in purchasing power parity, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Brunei was one of two nations (the other being Libya) in 2011 with a public debt equal to 0% of GDP. Brunei is also the sixth wealthiest country in 182 by Forbes, owing to its oil and gas reserves.

Geography and climate

Brunei has a semi-tropical climate, whereas Bandar Seri Begawan has a subtropical climate. The hottest month is January, with temperatures ranging from 14 to 33 degrees Celsius. The rainy season is always soft and humid, while the dry season is hot and humid. However, there isn’t much of a difference between the two stations.

Brunei’s topography consists of a flat coastal plain that climbs to the mountains in the east, with Bukit Pagan, at 1,850 meters, being the highest point, and some rugged highlands in the west.

There are no typhoons, earthquakes, major floods, or other natural disasters to contend with, and the most significant environmental issues are seasonal forest fires (caused by illegal clearings) in neighboring Indonesia.

Demographics

Belait, Brunei Bisaya (not to be confused with the adjacent Bisaya / Visaya Philippines), Brunei Malaysia, Dusun, Kedayan, Lun Bawang, Murut, and Tutong are all indigenous to Brunei.

Brunei’s population was 415,717 in July 2013, with 76 percent of the people living in urban areas. Between 2010 and 2015, the pace of urbanization is expected to be 2.13 percent each year. The average life expectancy in the United States is 77.7 years. Malaysians made up 65.7 percent of the population in 2014, with Chinese accounting for 10.3 percent, Aboriginals for 3.4 percent, and smaller groups accounting for the remaining 20.6 percent. Brunei’s official language is Malay. Brunei’s Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports backs a linguistic campaign to promote language usage.

Brunei’s official language is Melayu Brunei (Malaise Brunei). Malaysian brunettei is distinct from standard Malay and the rest of the Malaysian dialects, since it is only 84 percent connected to standard Malay and is mostly incomprehensible to one another.

English and Chinese are also commonly spoken, and there is a sizable expatriate population. English is utilized in commerce, as a language of labor, and as a language of teaching from elementary to higher education.

The majority of expatriates come from nations that are not Muslim, such as Australia, the United Kingdom, South Korea, Japan, the Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and India.

Arabic, Malay Kedayan dialect, Malay dialect Tutong, Murut, and Dusun are among the other languages and dialects spoken.

Religion

Brunei’s official religion is Islam, particularly the Sunni branch, as prescribed by the Shafi’i Madhhab. Islam is practiced by two-thirds of the population, including the majority of Malaysians from Brunei and Chinese from Brunei. Buddhism (13 percent, mostly by Chinese) and Christianity are the other faiths practiced (10 percent ). About 7% of the population is made up of free thinkers, the majority of whom are Chinese. They prefer to portray themselves as having not formally followed any religion, and therefore as atheists in official censuses, despite the fact that majority practice some kind of religion including components of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. Indigenous religion adherents account for approximately 2% of the population.

Economy

Brunei’s tiny but thriving economy is made up of a combination of international and indigenous businesses, government laws, social policies, and local customs. About 90% of GDP is accounted for by crude oil and natural gas production. Brunei produces 167,000 barrels (26,600 m3) of oil per day, making it Southeast Asia’s fourth biggest oil producer. Brunei also produces 25.3 million cubic meters of natural gas per day, making it the world’s tenth biggest natural gas exporter.

Foreign investment generates a significant amount of money, which is supplemented by local output revenues. The Brunei Investment Agency, a department of the Ministry of Finance, is responsible for the majority of these investments. All medical services are provided by the government, while rice and housing are subsidized.

Royal Brunei Airlines, the country’s official carrier, is attempting to establish Brunei as a minor international travel hub between Europe and Australia/New Zealand. This approach revolves on the airline’s presence at London Heathrow Airport. It operates a daily service from the airport, which is highly regulated due to capacity, to Bandar Seri Begawan via Dubai. Shanghai, Bangkok, Singapore, and Manila are among the airline’s main Asian destinations.

Brunei is highly reliant on imports from other nations, such as agricultural items (rice, food, cattle, and so on), cars, and electrical goods. Brunei imports 60% of its food, with ASEAN nations accounting for approximately 75% of the total.

Brunei’s authorities are worried that the country’s increasing integration into the global economy would erode social cohesiveness inside the country. However, as president of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Forum 2000, he has become a larger role. The leaders want to enhance the workforce, lower unemployment, which was 6.9% in 2014, boost the banking and tourist industries, and expand the economic basis in general.

Brunei’s government has also pushed towards food self-sufficiency, particularly in the rice sector. Brunei Rice 1 was renamed Laila Rice during the Wasan Padi Fields launch ceremony of the “Padi Planting Toward Achieving Self-Sufficiency in Rice Production in Brunei Darussalam” in April 2009. After years of attempting to restore local rice production, the Royal Family gathered the first strains of Laila padi in August 2009, a goal originally stated nearly half a century ago. Brunei Halal, the country’s official halal brand, was established in July 2009 with the goal of selling to international markets.

Things To Know Before Traveling To Brunei

Internet, Comunication

Brunei’s international code is 673. Brunei’s phone numbers are 7 digits long with no area codes, but the first digit of the number identifies the district, such as 3 for Belait and 2 for Bandar Seri Begawan.

The prepaid Hallo Kad, which is available in quantities of $5 to $50 from TelBru’s telephone offices (including one at the airport) and other shops, may be used to make local and international calls on any phone in the country. Other phone cards may be used in public telephones as well.

DST, the network operator, offers GSM mobile phone services. They provide a diverse range of nomadic connections. B-Mobile now offers 3G mobile telephone services.

Language

Brunei’s official language is Malay (Bahasa Melayu), although English is commonly spoken and understood in urban areas owing to the country’s British colonial history. In rural regions, where English competence is low, knowing a little Malay will come in handy. While everyone in Brunei can communicate in standard Malay, the local dialect is almost unintelligible to other Malay speakers. Although most signs are printed in both Jawi and Roman characters, Brunei also employs the Arabic script for Malay known as Jawi. With the exception of religious publications, the Roman alphabet is still the most often used script in Brunei for writing Malay.

In Brunei, the Chinese ethnic minority speaks a number of Chinese dialects, including Hokkien, Teochew, and others.

Respect

The Brunei government is a Malaysian Islamic monarchy (MIB), which means that the Sultan of Brunei, in addition to being one of the world’s wealthiest men, essentially controls the nation and is featured on the front pages of both local newspapers. nearly every single day At all costs, avoid insulting or disparaging the royal family.

Furthermore, although Bruneians are usually polite and tolerant, it is a good idea to be aware of the sensitivity of some subjects of discussion, notably politics (national, regional, or international) and global events, particularly those involving Islam or Islamic nations.

How To Travel To Brunei

By planeBrunei's sole airport is Brunei International Airport (BWN), which serves as the hub for Royal Brunei Airlines (RBA). The airport is tiny, but it is well-kept and functioning.The RBA decreased its services significantly after an overzealous growth and heavy losses in the 1990s, although it still had a good...

How To Travel Around Brunei

By carA "highway" runs down the shore from Bandar Seri Begawan (the capital). It becomes a double and therefore only driveway, although it is adequate for all cars up to Kuala Belait and the Malaysian toll bridge in Sarawak to the west).There is also a minor route that leads...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Brunei

Visa restrictionsCitizens of Israel will be denied entry. Those holding other passports having Israel stamps and/or visas will be permitted entry.Foreign residents of the following countries/territories are not required to get a visa to visit Brunei if they have a valid passport valid for at least 6 months:Up to...

Money & Shopping in Brunei

The local currency is the Brunei Dollar ($). You may hear Ringgit used to refer to the dollar, but be sure the participants are not referring to the Malaysian Ringgit (MYR), which is worth less than half a Brunei dollar.The Brunei dollar is pegged to the Singapore dollar at...

Things To Do in Brunei

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Food & Drinks in Brunei

Food in BruneiBruneians like eating, and due to the high number of foreign employees in the nation, there are many great restaurants in Brunei that offer a broad range of cuisines.There is also a native cake, which consists of rice, beef curry, or chicken and may be very hot....

Culture Of Brunei

Brunei's culture is primarily Malay (representing its heritage) with significant Islamic influences, although it is considerably more conservative than Indonesia and Malaysia. Bruneian culture is influenced by Malay civilizations found across the Malay archipelago. There have been four eras of cultural, animistic, Hindu, Islamic, and Western influence. Islam had...

History of Brunei

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Stay Safe & Healthy in Brunei

Stay Safe in BruneiWhen it comes to narcotics, Brunei, like Malaysia, Indonesia, and Singapore, has extremely stringent regulations. To a certain extent, drug trafficking carries a required death penalty. Murder, abduction, and unlicensed weapon possession are among the other offenses that carry the death penalty. For rapes, as well...

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