Harare, once known as Salisbury until 1982, is Zimbabwe’s capital and most populated city.
It is located in the north-east of the nation, in the heart of old Mashonaland, and has a population of over two million people, the most of whom live in downtown Harare, but another 500,000 in the neighboring districts of Rural Harare, Chintungwiza, and Epworth.
Once a metropolis of contemporary buildings, broad thoroughfares, and several parks and gardens, it has fallen into growing disrepair as a result of Zimbabwe’s economic downturn. However, there have been some indications of recovery lately, as the country’s decision to adopt the US dollar as its currency has started to allow certain investments.
Harare – Info Card
|TIME ZONE :||CAT (UTC+2)|
|LANGUAGE :||English (official), Shona, Sindebele|
|RELIGION :||syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, other 1%|
|AREA :||960.6 km2 (370.9 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||1,490 m (4,890 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||17°51′50″S 31°1′47″E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 49.35%|
• Female: 50.65%
|ETHNIC :||African 98%, mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%|
|AREA CODE :||4|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+263 4|
Tourism in Harare
The city’s cultural and historical history is highly valued, and many of its older structures have been maintained. Many examples can be seen along Robert Mugabe Road between Second Street and Julius Nyerere Way, including the Mining Pension Fund Building between Central Avenue and Second Street.
The Book Cafe has a variety of live music throughout the week, and there is an Afro-jazz club immediately next door.
All purchases at bigger shops are done in US dollars, the country’s currency.
Everything created locally is cheap. Zimbabwe smokes cost $0.50 per pack (as of April 2010). In comparison to South Africa, everything imported is relatively pricey. Coca-Cola cans, for example, often cost $1.
Climate of Harare
Harare is blessed with a lovely subtropical highland climate.
The average annual temperature is 17.95 °C (64.3 °F), which is quite low for the tropics owing to its high height and the predominance of a cool south-easterly breeze.
There are three primary seasons: a warm, rainy season from November to March/April; a cold, dry season from May to August (which corresponds to winter in the Southern Hemisphere); and a hot, dry season from September to October.
Daily temperature ranges are around 7–22 °C (45–72 °F) in July (the coldest month), approximately 15–29 °C (59–84 °F) in October (the hottest month), and approximately 16–26 °C (61–79 °F) in January (the warmest month) (midsummer).
The climate supports open forest vegetation in its native state. The most frequent tree in the area is the Msasa Brachystegia spiciformis, which turns the landscape wine crimson in late August with its new leaves. Two South American tree species, the Jacaranda and the Flamboyant, imported during the colonial period, add to the city’s color pallet, with streets lined with either the Jacaranda’s lilac flowers or the Flamboyant’s blazing red blooms. They bloom in October/November and are planted on off-the-beaten-path streets across the metropolis. Bougainvillea is also common.
Internet, Comunication in Harare
Internet access is accessible in hotels and at one or two internet cafés, although it is sluggish and inconsistent.
Cell phone coverage is adequate in and around Harare. SIM cards are inexpensive and widely available. However, there may be issues with international calls. International landline calls remain unstable as well.