Mogadishu, also known as Xamar, is Somalia’s biggest and capital city.
For over two decades, a catastrophic civil conflict has ravaged this once-beautiful metropolis, leaving nothing but rubble in its wake. Various Islamist and/or clan or warlord-affiliated militias have controlled various areas of the city since 1991. When the Union of Islamic Courts assumed complete power in 2006, a few months of reprieve were granted. Six months later, Ethiopia invaded Somalia and re-installed the western-backed Transitional Federal Government. Al-Shabab, a hardline Islamist militia, rapidly grabbed control of Mogadishu, with the government controlling barely a few square blocks. In August 2011, a counter-offensive backed by huge numbers of African Union forces freed the city of insurgents. Although bombings and shootings are still regular, open conflict has ended for the time being. The few government agencies that are able to operate are under great strain due to a severe food crisis and the influx of thousands of migrants.
Mark Bowden’s book Black Hawk Down describes the anarchy of Mogadishu during the early years of the civil war in great detail and accuracy.
For ages, the city of Banaadir, on the Indian Ocean’s shore, has functioned as an important harbor. It has a population of 2,120,000 people as of 2015.
Mogadishu, being Somalia’s capital, is home to a number of key state institutions. It is the headquarters of the Federal Government of Somalia, which was founded in August 2012 and whose legislative arm is the Somalia Federal Parliament. The First Somali Bank was formed in the capital in May 2012.
Mogadishu – Info Card
|TIME ZONE :||EAT (UTC+3)|
|LANGUAGE :||Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English|
|RELIGION :||Sunni Muslim|
|AREA :||91 km2 (35 sq mi)|
|COORDINATES :||02°02′N 45°21′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 49.80%
• Female: 50.20%
|ETHNIC :||Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15%|
|AREA CODE :||61|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+252 61|
Climate of Mogadishu
Mogadishu has a rather dry climate for a city so close to the equator. It has a hot and semi-arid climate.
The average year-round temperature in the city is 27 °C, with average maximums of 30 °C and minimums of 24 °C.
Temperature measurements range by 3 degrees Celsius (5.4 degrees Fahrenheit) every month, indicating a hyperoceanic and subtype genuinely hyperoceanic continentality type.
The city receives 3,066 hours of sunshine on average every year, with an average of 8.4 hours of sunlight per day.
Geography of Mogadishu
Mogadishu is in the Banaadir administrative area (gobol) in southern Somalia, on the Indian Ocean coast of the Horn of Africa.
The territory is contiguous with the city and substantially smaller than Benadir’s ancient province.
The Hamarwein old town, the Bakaara Market, and Gezira Beach are among attractions in the city. Mogadishu’s beautiful beaches, which are home to flourishing coral reefs, are perfect real estate for the city’s first tourist resorts in years.
Economy of Mogadishu
Mogadishu has long been known as a business and financial hub. The city’s textiles were transported far and wide across the continent, as well as to the Arabian peninsula and as far as the Persian coast, before the arrival of mass-produced fabric from Europe and America.
Since the city’s pacification in mid-2011, Mogadishu’s economy has exploded. The SomalFruit processing facility, as well as the nearby Coca-Cola factory, were also reopened. The First Somali Bank opened in the capital in May 2012, making it the first commercial bank to launch in southern Somalia since 1991.