Quito’s Mariscal Sucre International Airport (UIO) is located in the municipality of Tababela, approximately 30 km (20 mi) east of Quito. Travellers with very early departures or very late arrivals from Quito airport, as well as those not staying in Quito but travelling elsewhere, may consider accommodation in Tababela or Puembo, as they will not have to drive into the city to find accommodation.
Another port of entry is Guayaquil (GYE), which has a modern airport with typical amenities such as restaurants and duty-free shops. The airport is located north of the city centre.
The Galapagos Islands are part of the Ecuadorian provinces and have two airports, one in Baltra and one in San Cristobal. Aerogal, Tame and LAN all offer flights to the Galapagos. All flights are via the Ecuadorian mainland and do not include international flights.
Quito airport charges an international departure tax of $40.80. From Guayaquil, the tax is $26. This tax is already included in the cost of the flight since February 2011.
There are no international rail links to Ecuador. The national railway from Quito to Guayaquil (via Latacunga and Riobamba) is being rebuilt, but in the meantime several sections are in service for tourists. The most popular is the line from Alausi to Nariz del Diablo (it was reopened in 2011 after a $4.6 million renovation).
It is not recommended to enter Ecuador by car. It is best to enter by plane or boat, as there are border problems with neighbouring countries.
The main border crossing between Ecuador and Colombia is at Rumichaca, near Tulcan and Ipiales. Crossing the border at San Miguel (near Lago Agrio) in the Amazon is not recommended due to security concerns and the complexity of entry and exit.
There are two places to cross the border with Peru, Huaquillas (near Machala) receives the vast majority of tourist crossings, was dodgy and relatively unsafe, but a recent clean up may have improved security issues. Macara has a border crossing, but is not recommended due to security concerns.
As Ecuador is located on the coast and has very large rivers, a boat trip can be a fun way to get around. Especially in the rainforest, a boat trip can take you to places you would not normally go.