Nicaragua, formally the Republic of Nicaragua, is Central America’s biggest nation. Managua, Nicaragua’s capital, is the biggest city in the nation and the third largest in Central America. The six million-strong multiethnic population is made up of indigenous peoples, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. Spanish is the primary language. On the eastern seaboard, indigenous groups speak their own languages.
The area was captured by the Spanish Empire in the sixteenth century. In 1821, Nicaragua declared independence from Spain. Nicaragua has had periods of political instability, authoritarianism, and economic crises since independence—the most prominent of which were the reasons of the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. Nicaragua is a democratic republic with a representative government.
The fusion of cultural traditions has resulted in significant variety in art and literature, the latter especially in light of Nicaraguan poets and authors like as Rubén Daro, Pablo Antonio Cuadra, and Ernesto Cardenal. Nicaragua is becoming an increasingly attractive tourist destination due to its ecological variety, tropical temperature, and active volcanoes.