Tuesday, January 25, 2022
Cluj Travel Guide - Travel S Helper

Cluj

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Cluj-Napoca, also known as Cluj, is the second most populous city in Romania, behind Bucharest, and the headquarters of Cluj County in the country’s northwestern region. It is nearly equidistant between Bucharest (324 kilometers (201 miles), Budapest (351 kilometers (218 miles), and Belgrade (322 kilometers (200 miles). The city, which is located in the Someşul Mic River valley, is regarded the unofficial capital of the ancient province of Transylvania. It served as the Grand Principality of Transylvania’s formal capital from 1790 until 1848, then again from 1861 to 1867.

The city’s population was 324,576 in 2011, a small rise from the amount reported in the 2002 census. The metropolitan region of Cluj-Napoca has a population of 411,379 people, while the peri-urban area (Romanian: zone periurbană) has a population of more than 420,000 people. In December 2008, Cluj-new Napoca’s metropolitan administration went into effect. According to a County Population Register Service estimate from 2007, the city has a noticeable population of students and other non-residents—an average of over 20,000 persons each year from 2004 to 2007. The city stretches out from St. Michael’s Church in Unirii Square, which was erected in the 14th century and named for the Archangel Michael, Cluj-patron Napoca’s saint. The municipality’s limits cover an area of 179.52 square kilometers (69.31 sq mi).

During the 1990s, Cluj-Napoca endured a decade of decline, with its worldwide image eroding as a result of the actions of its mayor at the time, Gheorghe Funar. Today, the city is one of Romania’s most prominent intellectual, cultural, industrial, and commercial centers. It is home to the country’s biggest university, Babeş-Bolyai University, with its famed botanical garden, as well as nationally known cultural institutions and the largest Romanian-owned commercial bank. Cluj-Napoca was named European Youth Capital in 2015.

Cluj – Info Card

POPULATION :• City 324,576
• Metro 411,379
FOUNDED :  1213 (first official record as Clus)
TIME ZONE :• Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
LANGUAGE : Romanian
RELIGION :Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1%
AREA :• City 179.5 km2 (69.3 sq mi)
• Metro 1,537.5 km2 (593.6 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 340 m (1,120 ft)
COORDINATES : 46°46′N 23°35′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 48.8%
 Female: 51.2%
ETHNIC : 
AREA CODE : 264
POSTAL CODE : 400xyz
DIALING CODE : +40 264
WEBSITE : http://primariaclujnapoca.ro/

Tourism in Cluj

Cluj-Napoca (Romanian), Kolozsvár (Hungarian), or Klausenburg (German) is the county capital of Cluj and the unofficial capital of Transylvania’s historical territory. The city, which has a population of 310,243 people, is quite pleasant, and it is undoubtedly a terrific experience for those who wish to observe urban Transylvanian life at its finest. The city will not disappoint those who include it to their vacation schedule, with exquisite restaurants, outstanding cultural events, a beautiful historical heritage, and a lovely vibe. What’s more, Cluj (as it’s abbreviated) is quite simple to travel there and navigate.

In 2007, the county of Cluj-hotel Napoca’s business provided a total of 6,472 beds, with 3,677 in hotels, 1,294 in guesthouses, and the remainder in chalets, campsites, or hostels. A total of 700,000 guests stayed overnight, with 140,000 of them being foreigners. Those who visit Cluj-Napoca for a single day, on the other hand, account for a significant proportion of visitors, while the precise number is unknown. The countries with the highest number of international tourists are Hungary, Italy, Germany, the United States, France, and Austria. Furthermore, the city’s 140 or so travel businesses assist in the organization of local and international journeys; automobile rentals are also available.

Climate of Cluj

Cluj-Napoca has a continental climate, with hot, dry summers and freezing winters. The city’s closeness to the Apuseni Mountains, as well as urbanization, have an impact on the climate. During the winter and fall, certain West-Atlantic effects are evident. Winter temperatures often fall below 0 °C (32 °F), while they seldom fall below 10 °C (14 °F). Every winter, snow covers the ground for an average of 65 days. In the summer, the average temperature is about 18 °C (64 °F) (the average for July and August), despite the fact that temperatures in the city center may occasionally reach 35 °C (95 °F) to 40 °C (104 °F) in mid-summer. Although summer precipitation and humidity are modest on average, there are uncommon but heavy and frequently severe storms. Temperatures range from 13 °C (55 °F) to 18 °C (64 °F) in spring and fall, and precipitation is greater than in summer, with more frequent but milder bouts of rain.

According to study released in 2014 by a French magazine and air-quality group that investigated the EU’s hundred biggest cities, the city has the greatest air quality in the European Union.

Geography of Cluj

Cluj-Napoca, situated in central Transylvania, has a land area of 179.5 square kilometers (69.3 sq mi). The city is located at the meeting point of the Apuseni Mountains, the Someș plateau, and the Transylvanian plain. It stretches throughout the valleys of Someșul Mic and Nadăș, as well as, to a lesser degree, the subsidiary valleys of the Popești, Chintău, Borhanci, and Popii rivers. The southern section of the city is located on the top terrace of the northern slope of Feleac Hill and is flanked on three sides by hills or mountains that range in height from 500 metres (1,600 ft) to 700 metres (1,800 ft) (2,300 ft). To the east lies the Someș plateau, while to the north are Dealurile Clujului (“the Hills of Cluj”), which comprise the summits Lombului (684 m), Dealul Melcului (617 m), Techintău (633 m), Hoia (506 m), and Gârbău (570 m). Other hills may be found in the western districts, while the hills of Calvaria and Cetățuia (Belvedere) lie close the city center.

The city is built on the banks of the Someșul Mic River and is crossed by brooks or streams such as Pârâul iganilor, Pârâul Popești, Pârâul Nădășel, Pârâul Chintenilor, Pârâul Becaș, and Pârâul Murătorii; Canalul Morilor flows through the center of town.

Economy of Cluj

Cluj-Napoca is a significant economic hub in Romania. Banca Transilvania, Terapia Ranbaxy, Farmec, Jolidon, and Ursusbreweries are examples of well-known local companies that have gained national, and even worldwide, acclaim.

According to the American online magazine InformationWeek, most of Romania’s software/IT activity is concentrated around Cluj-Napoca, which is gradually becoming the country’s technopolis. Nokia spent 200 million euros on a mobile phone plant in Cluj-Napoca; production started in February 2008 and ended in December 2011. It also established a research center in the city, which was closed in April 2011. De’Longhi, an Italian appliance company, bought the old Nokia facility. MOL, Aegon, Emerson, De’Longhi, Bechtel, FrieslandCampina, Office Depot, Genpact, and New Yorker all have regional or national headquarters in the city. Bosch has also established a facility in the same industrial park as De’Longhi in Cluj-Napoca.

Cluj-Napoca is also a major regional economic hub, with several street malls and hypermarkets. With an annual rent price of 720 euro/m2, Eroilor Avenue and Napoca and Memorandumului streets are the most costly venues, while Regele Ferdinand and 21 Decembrie 1989 avenues are equally pricey. There are two huge shopping malls: Polus (which includes a Carrefour hypermarket) and Iulius Mall (including an Auchan hypermarket). Other big shops include outlets of foreign hypermarket chains such as Cora, Metro, and Selgros, as well as do-it-yourself stores like Baumax and Praktiker.

H&M, Zara, Guess, Camaeu, Bigotti, Orsay, Jolidon, Kenvelo, Triumph, Tommy Hilfiger, Sephora, Yves Rocher, Swarovski, Ecco, Bata, Adidas, Converse, and Nike are among the stores located in the city’s shopping areas.

In 2008, the city’s general budget was 990 million lei, or more over 266 million Euros (207 million pounds sterling). In 2006, the budget climbed by 19 percent over the previous year, 56 percent in 2007, and 35 percent in 2008.

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