Tuesday, October 26, 2021

Latvia

EuropeLatvia

Latvia, formally the Republic of Latvia, is a nation located in Northern Europe’s Baltic area. It is one of three Baltic states. It is bounded on the north by Estonia, on the south by Lithuania, on the east by Russia, and on the southeast by Belarus, as well as on the west by a sea border with Sweden. Latvia has a population of 1,957,200 people and a land area of 64,589 square kilometers (24,938 sq mi). The nation has a year-round moderate climate.

Latvia was founded in 1918 as a democratic parliamentary republic. Riga, the capital city, was named the 2014 European Capital of Culture. The official language of Latvia is Latvian. Latvia is a unitary state comprised of 118 administrative subdivisions, 109 of which are municipalities and nine of which are cities.

Latvians and Livs are Latvia’s indigenous people. Latvian is an Indo-European language; it is one of just two surviving Baltic languages, along with Lithuanian. Throughout the ages, despite foreign control from the 13th to the 20th century, the Latvian people preserved its identity via language and musical traditions. Latvia and Estonia have a long history in common. Both nations have a sizable ethnic Russian population as a result of the Soviet occupation (26.9 percent in Latvia and 25.5 percent in Estonia), some of whom are non-citizens.

Latvia has a mainly Protestant Lutheran history, with the exception of the Latgale area in the southeast, which has a predominantly Roman Catholic history. Additionally, the Russian community has imported a sizable number of Eastern Orthodox Christians.

Latvia was established as a republic on 18 November 1918. However, it lost its de facto independence with the outbreak of World War II. In 1940, the nation was forcefully integrated into the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany attacked and conquered it in 1941, and the Soviets re-took it in 1944, becoming the Latvian SSR for the next fifty years. Beginning in 1987, the nonviolent Singing Revolution agitated for the liberation of the Baltics from Soviet control. It came to an end with the Declaration on the Restoration of the Republic of Latvia’s Independence on 4 May 1990, and de facto independence on 21 August 1991.

Latvia is a democratic and developed nation that is a member of the European Union, NATO, the Council of Europe, the United Nations, the CBSS, the IMF, the NB8, the NIB, the OECD, the OSCE, and the World Trade Organization. Latvia was ranked 46th on the Human Development Index in 2014 and was classified as a high-income nation on 1 July 2014. It utilized the Latvian lats as its currency until 1 January 2014, when it was replaced by the euro.

Latvia | Introduction

Geography Forests comprise half of Latvia, which are home to a diverse range of species. Many tiny lakes may be found across the nation, particularly in the south-eastern Latgale area. River valleys may be observed, with parts having sand cliffs on their banks. Because heavy industry ceased to exist a...

How To Travel To Latvia

By plane Riga International Airport (RIX) is the sole commercial airport in Latvia, and it is situated 10 kilometers southwest of Riga. Bus 22 runs between the airport and the city center (and vice versa), and other modes of transportation, such as taxis, are available on-site. To learn more about...

How To Travel Around Latvia

Iela is the Latvian term meaning street (as in street names). Brvbas iela, which translates as Freedom Street, is an example. By car Headlights must be switched on when driving at all times of the year, according to local regulations. Winter or all-season tyres are required from December 1 to March...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Latvia

Latvia is a signatory to the Schengen Treaty. Between nations that have signed and implemented the pact, there are usually no border restrictions. This covers the majority of the European Union as well as a few additional nations. Before boarding foreign planes or vessels, identification checks are typically performed. At land...

Destinations in Latvia

Regions in Latvia Despite the fact that socioeconomic and cultural distinctions across Latvian areas are minor, they nevertheless exist. Traditional clothing is an example of this, which varies from area to region. The nation is split into regions in a variety of official and unofficial ways. Vidzeme, Kurzeme, Zemgale, and Latgale...

Accommodation & Hotels in Latvia

Although there aren't many five-star hotels in Latvia, there are lots of pleasant places to stay at affordable rates. There are many hotels to select from, with rates ranging from €30 outside of Riga to €60 downtown Riga. There is also a modest network of youth hostels. Dormitory rooms cost...

Things To See in Latvia

When people think of Europe, the tiny country of Latvia is typically not one of the first to spring to mind. After being buried beneath the Soviet Union's huge iron no-go blanket until 1991, Latvia is only now being found by increasing tourist groups who are astonished by the...

Things To Do in Latvia

Sports and outdoor activities Large areas of Latvia are covered by woods and marshes due to the low population density. There are many national parks and natural preserves across the country that may be visited. The biggest is the heavily wooded Gauja National Park in the Vidzeme Region's Gauja valley....

Food & Drinks in Latvia

Food in Latvia Latvian food is characteristic of the Baltic area and northern nations in general, with a strong resemblance to Finnish cuisine. Except for black pepper, dill, and grains/seeds like caraway seeds, the meal is rich in butter and fat and lacking in seasonings. If you're from the Mediterranean,...

Money & Shopping in Latvia

The Latvian currency is the euro. This single currency is used by a number of European nations. In all nations, all euro banknotes and coins are legal tender. 100 cents are split into one euro. The euro's official sign is €, and its ISO code is EUR. The cent does not...

Festivals & Holidays in Latvia

Public holidays in Latvia DateEnglish NameLocal NameNotes1 JanuaryNew Year's DayJaunais Gads The Friday before Easter SundayGood FridayLielā Piektdiena March/AprilEaster SundayLieldienas The day after Easter SundayEaster MondayOtrās Lieldienas 1 MayLabour DayDarba svētkiMay 1 also marks the convening of the constitutional assembly in 1920, which is commemorated on this day.4 MayRestoration of Independence dayLatvijas Republikas Neatkarības...

Internet & Communications in Latvia

Postal The Latvian Postal Service (Latvijas Pasts) is a dependable and usually secure method of sending mail and packages. They provide a variety of services for different circumstances, including the delivery of bagged items weighing up to 30 kg. Telephone & Internet Any GSM phone that works elsewhere in Europe will also...

Language & Phrasebook in Latvia

Latvian (Latvieu valoda) is the country's sole official language. It is linked to the Lithuanian language and belongs to the Baltic language group of Indo-European languages, although it is distinct enough to be difficult to understand even for native Lithuanian speakers. With a few exceptions, Latvian utilizes the Latin alphabet...

Traditions & Customs in Latvia

Latvians are typically quiet and respectful of others' personal space; for example, strangers are seldom greeted unless they are introduced by someone. Although social ethics may not demand it, you may give someone assistance with anything, such as lifting something heavy. When it comes to relationships and friendships, Latvians are...

Culture Of Latvia

Traditional Latvian folklore, particularly the dancing of folk tunes, has a thousand-year history. More than 1.2 million words and 30,000 folk song tunes have been discovered. Baltic Germans, many of whom were of non-German heritage but had been absorbed into German culture, constituted the top class between the 13th and...

History Of Latvia

The proto-Baltic ancestors of the Latvian people arrived on the Baltic Sea's eastern shore about 3000 BC. Local amber was traded for precious metals by the Balts, who created trade lines to Rome and Byzantium. Curonians, Latgalians, Selonians, Semigallians (in Latvian: kuri, latgai, si, and zemgai), as well as...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Latvia

Stay Safe in Latvia Traveling throughout Latvia on your own is usually safe, but there is occasional small crime. If you're traveling by bike, keep an eye out for bike theft. In Latvian traffic, cyclists make up a tiny percentage, and dedicated bike lanes are uncommon. In bigger cities, it is...

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