Sunday, December 3, 2023
Damascus Travel Guide - Travel S Helper


travel guide

Damascus is Syria’s capital and the second-largest city after Aleppo.

Damascus is not only one of the world’s oldest continually inhabited cities, but it is also a key cultural and religious hub in the Levant. The city has a population of around 1,711,000 people.

Damascus is the center of a densely populated metropolitan region with a population of 5 million people. Damascus’ metropolitan area includes the cities of Douma, Harasta, Darayya, Al-Tall, and Jaramana.

Damascus, which was founded between 10,000 and 8,000 BC, is regarded as the world’s oldest continuously inhabited city. The world heritage-listed old-walled city, in particular, has a very ancient air to it and is mostly made up of a network of small lanes broken with cryptic entrances leading into attractive, lush courtyards and blank-faced dwellings. The ancient city still has an original medieval air to it, albeit this is quickly fading owing to increased tourist traffic as the area is promoted as an attraction. However, life continues in the old-walled city, which remains the city’s religious and social center.

Flights & Hotels
search and compare

We compare room prices from 120 different hotel booking services (including, Agoda, and others), enabling you to pick the most affordable offers that are not even listed on each service separately.

100% Best Price

The price for one and the same room can differ depending on the website you are using. Price comparison enables finding the best offer. Also, sometimes the same room can have a different availability status in another system.

No charge & No Fees

We don’t charge any commissions or extra fees from our customers and we cooperate only with proven and reliable companies.

Ratings and Reviews

We use TrustYou™, the smart semantic analysis system, to gather reviews from many booking services (including, Agoda, and others), and calculate ratings based on all the reviews available online.

Discounts and Offers

We search for destinations through a large booking services database. This way we find the best discounts and offer them to you.

Damascus | Introduction

Damascus – Info Card

POPULATION :  City: 1,711,000
TIME ZONE :  EET (UTC+2)  Summer: EEST (UTC+3)
LANGUAGE :  Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, French, English
RELIGION :  Muslim 81%,Christian 17%. Others 2%
AREA :  105 km2 (41 sq mi)
ELEVATION :  680 m (2,230 ft)
COORDINATES :  33°30′47″N 36°17′31″E
SEX RATIO :  Male: 51%
 Female: 49%
ETHNIC :  Arab 80%, Kurds, Armenians and other 20%
AREA CODE :  Country code: 963, City code: 11
DIALING CODE :  +963 11
WEBSITE :  Official Website

Tourism in Damascus

The Souq al-Hamidiyya, a spacious bazaar lined with small shops, is accessed by columns from a Roman temple erected on the site of an even earlier temple. The souqs itself smell of cumin and other characteristic scents, and sections devoted to anything from leather and copper products to inlaid boxes and silk scarves may be found.

At the end of Souq al-Hamidiyya sits the enormous Umayyad mosque, an architectural marvel with three minarets. It was an Assyrian temple, then a Roman Jupiter temple, then a church when Rome converted to Christianity, then a mosque and a church combined, and ultimately a mosque till today. All of the symbols are still in place, and some Christian artwork can be seen on the inner walls. Inside the main chamber of the mosque lies the burial of John the Baptist (for Muslims, prophet Yahya). Women are encouraged to cover their hair, arms, and legs. Abayas (full-body wraps) are given for the admission fee of 50SP. It is one of Islam’s holiest places, and international visitors are permitted to go around the prayer area.

The Citadel is a fort-like part of the surviving city wall at the opposite end of Souq al-Hamidiyya (but be sure to visit Aleppo’s Citadel for a really wonderful experience).

Nearby, you may see the Mausoleum of Salah al-Din, often known as Saladin in the West, the greatest anti-crusader. There’s a fantastic statue of him on horseback right next to the citadel that will take your breath away. There are two disappointed Frankish warriors under the horse’s slightly elevated tail if you go all the way around it. Inscriptions identify these two knights as Guy de Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, and Reynald de Chatillon, Lord of Kerak, an important castle in the Holy Land. Both were caught at Salah al-decisive Din’s victory at Hattin; Guy was imprisoned and subsequently freed in Damascus, while Reynald was killed as retribution for his many misdeeds.

Climate of Damascus

Because to the rain shadow effect of the Anti-Lebanon mountains and the prevailing ocean currents, its climate is characterized as cool steppe climate.

Summers are hot and dry, with little humidity.

Winters are chilly and wet, with little snowfall. From October to May, the annual rainfall is roughly 130 mm (5 in).

Geography of Damascus

Damascus was built in a strategic location on a plateau 680 meters (2,230 ft) above sea level and about 80 kilometers (50 miles) inland from the Mediterranean, sheltered by the Anti-Lebanon mountains, watered by the Barada River, and at a crossroads between trade routes: the north/south route connecting Egypt with Asia Minor, and the east-west cross-desert route connecting Lebanon with the Euphrates river valley.

The contemporary city has an area of 105 km2 (41 sq mi), of which 77 km2 (30 sq mi) is urban and the remainder is occupied by Jabal Qasioun.

Damascus’ ancient city, surrounded by city walls, is located on the south bank of the river Barada, which is almost dry (3 cm (1 in) remaining). To the south-east, north, and north-east, it is bordered by Middle-Eastern-era suburbs: Midan in the south-west, Sarouja and Imara in the north and north-west. These communities sprung up along routes heading out of town, around the graves of religious dignitaries.

Economy of Damascus

Damascus’ historical status as an important trading hub has shifted in recent years as a result of regional political developments as well as the advancement of contemporary commerce.

Damascus’ tourist business has a lot of promise, but the present civil conflict has limited these chances. Damascus’ abundant cultural endowment has been discreetly exploited since the late 1980s with the building of several lodging and transit businesses, as well as other associated projects. Numerous boutique hotels and busy cafés have arisen in the ancient city during the early 2000s, attracting both European visitors and Damascenes.

Damascus has a diverse industrial sector, including textile, food processing, cement, and numerous chemical sectors.

The bulk of industries are operated by the state, although partial privatization, as well as economic activities led by the private sector, were authorized beginning in the early 2000s with trade liberalization. In the ancient city, traditional handcrafts and artisan copper engravings are still made.

The Damascus stock market officially started for business in March 2009, and it is Syria’s sole stock exchange.

Internet, Comunication in Damascus

Most hotels can arrange international phone calls, but the rates are exorbitant. Most internet cafés are set up for VOIP and provide a more cheaper option, albeit the pricing does reflect the connection quality.

Although Internet connection is generally accessible, the Syrian government filters traffic, which may create some odd connectivity glitches.



South America


North America

Read Next


Tampere is a city in Pirkanmaa, Finland’s southernmost region. It has the highest population density of any inland city in the Nordic nations. As of...

San Jose

San Jose is Costa Rica’s capital, the provincial capital, and the country’s biggest city. San José, located in the Central Valley, is the seat of...


Soweto is a township in Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa, that is bordered on the south by the city’s mining belt. Its name is an...


The Independent State of Samoa, also known as Samoa and Western Samoa until 1997, is a Unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions. Savai’i...


Luanda, Angola’s capital and biggest city, is the country’s most populated and vital metropolis, as well as its principal port and major industrial, cultural,...


Denver, formally the City and County of Denver, is the state’s capital and most populous municipality. Denver is situated in the South Platte River...