Kazakhstan’s official languages are Kazakh and Russian. Both languages are taught in all schools, and the majority of people are fluent in both. As a result, if you are acquainted with any of them, you should be OK. However, in certain areas, they favor Kazakh, while in others, they choose Russian. For example, Shymkent and the western areas mostly utilize Kazakh, while the northern portion of the nation is predominantly Russian-speaking. If you know another Turkic language, Kazakh will be somewhat familiar, and Russian will be relatively familiar if you know another Slavic language.
Many individuals under the age of 20 will know some English, as will many customs officers and airport personnel.
It is difficult to travel about the nation without any Russian or Kazakh language abilities; although, it is simpler in the more developed cities. If you become lost, write down your address on a card and call a cab (you might be somewhat overcharged by the taxi, but it is better than being lost).