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Bengaluru Travel Guide - Travel S Helper

Bengaluru

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Bangalore, also known as Bengaluru, is the capital of Karnataka, an Indian state. It has an estimated population of 8.42 million and a metropolitan population of 8.52 million, making it India’s third most populated city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration. Bangalore, located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau at a height of about 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, is recognized for its nice temperature all year. It has the greatest elevation of any of India’s major cities.

The current territory of Bangalore was dominated by a series of South Indian kingdoms, including the Western Gangas, Cholas, and Hoysalas, until in 1537 CE, Kempé Gowd — a feudal lord under the Vijayanagara Empire – erected a mud fort regarded to be the foundation of contemporary Bangalore. The Marths invaded and controlled Bangalore for about 50 years until the Mughals seized and sold the city to the Mysore Kingdom of the Wadiyar dynasty in 1638. Following their victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), the British took possession of the city and restored administrative power to the Maharaja of Mysore. The ancient city grew up under the control of the Maharaja of Mysore and became the capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which functioned as a nominally sovereign state of the British Raj. The British relocated their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the ancient city, in 1809, and a town developed up around it, ruled as part of British India. Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State after India’s independence in 1947, and it remained so when the new Indian state of Karnataka was founded in 1956. In 1949, Bangalore’s two urban settlements – city and cantonment – combined to form a single urban center. Bengalru, the city’s existing Kannada name, was designated the official name in 2006.

Bangalore is recognized as the “Silicon Valley of India” (or “IT capital of India”) because it is the country’s biggest exporter of information technology (IT). The city is home to the headquarters of Indian technical firms ISRO, Infosys, and Wipro. Bangalore is India’s second fastest-growing metropolitan metropolis, with a diversified population. Many educational and research institutions in India call it home, including the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), the Indian Institute of Management (Bangalore) (IIMB), the National Institute of Fashion Technology, Bangalore, the National Institute of Design, Bangalore (NID R&D Campus), the National Law School of India University (NLSIU), and the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS). The city is home to a number of state-owned aerospace and defense companies, including Bharat Electronics, Hindustan Aeronautics, and National Aerospace Laboratories. The Kannada film industry is also based in the city. Bangalore, being a rising metropolitan metropolis in a developing nation, has significant pollution as well as other logistical and socioeconomic issues. Bangalore ranks fourth in India in terms of total GDP contribution, behind Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata, with a GDP of $83 billion.

Bangalore – Info Card

POPULATION : 8,728,906
FOUNDED :  1537
TIME ZONE : IST (UTC+5:30)
LANGUAGE : 
RELIGION :Hinduism 79.4%
Islam 13.4%
Christianity 5.8%
Jainism 1.1%
Others 1%
AREA : 709 km2 (274 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 920 m (3,020 ft)
COORDINATES : 12°58′N 77°34′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 51.70
 Female: 48.30
ETHNIC : Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3%
AREA CODE : 80
POSTAL CODE : 
DIALING CODE : +91-(0)80
WEBSITE :  www.bbmp.gov.in

Tourism in Bangalore

Once known as the “Garden City of India” and the “Pensioner’s Paradise,” Bangalore is now a major, cosmopolitan city with shrinking green areas and a significant working population. Bangalore is the principal center of India’s information technology sector, often known as the “Silicon Valley of India.”

For a tourist, Bengaluru has a lot to offer. If you just have a limited amount of time in the city, a tour is a good option.

Typically, city excursions do not include admission to the sites. Bengaluru, like the rest of India, has a tendency of charging international visitors far more than natives. Tipu Sultan’s Palace, for example, costs 10 for Indians and 100 (about US $2) for non-Indians on the half-day tour.

Climate of Bangalore

In contrast to other regions of India, which are severely hot during the summer months, Bangalore has a comparatively temperate temperature all year.

  • Summer lasts from February through May. (peak temperature is during April and May)
  • Monsoon season lasts from June through October (the heaviest rains are typically between June and August)
  • Winter lasts from November through January (with December being the coldest month)

Summer temperatures may reach 36°C (97°F), while winter morning temperatures hover around 12°C (54°F).

Geography of Bangalore

Bangalore is located in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. It is located at a height of 900 meters in the middle of the Mysore Plateau (a section of the wider Precambrian Deccan Plateau) (2,953 ft). It has a land area of 741 km2 and is situated at 12.97°N 77.56°E. (286 sq mi). The bulk of Bangalore is located in the Bangalore Urban district of Karnataka, while the surrounding rural parts are included in the Bangalore Rural district. The Karnataka government has separated the new Ramanagara district from the old Bangalore Rural district.

Bangalore’s topography is largely flat, with the exception of the city’s western outskirts, which are hills. The highest point in the city is Vidyaranyapura Doddabettahalli, which stands 962 meters (3,156 ft) above sea level and is located to the north-west of the city. There are no large rivers that go through the city, while the Arkavathi and South Pennar meet in the Nandi Hills, 60 kilometers (37 miles) to the north. The River Vrishabhavathi, a small tributary of the Arkavathi, originates near the city at Basavanagudi and passes through it. The rivers Arkavathi and Vrishabhavathi convey a large portion of Bangalore’s sewage. A sewerage system, built in 1922, spans 215 km2 (83 sq mi) of the city and links to five sewage treatment centers situated on Bangalore’s outskirts.

Economy of Bangalore

Bangalore’s economy (2006–07 Net District Income) is 523 billion (US$7.8 billion), making it one of India’s key economic centres, with the city’s exports totaling 432 billion (US$6.4 billion) in 2004–05. Bangalore is India’s second fastest-growing metropolitan city, with an economic growth rate of 10.3 percent. It is also the country’s fourth biggest fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) market. According to Forbes, Bangalore is one of the “Next Decade’s Fastest-Growing Cities.” With a per capita income of 74,709 (US$1,100) in 2006–07, the city is the third biggest hub for high-net-worth individuals, with over 10,000 millionaires and around 60,000 super-rich persons, each with an investment surplus of 45 million (US$668,700) and 5 million (US$74,300).

Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), Central Manufacturing Technology Institute (CMTI), and HMT (formerly Hindustan Machine Tools) have their headquarters in Bangalore. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), located in the city, was created under the Department of Space in June 1972. Many companies, including ABB, Airbus, Bosch, Boeing, GE, GM, Google, Microsoft, Mercedes-Benz, Nokia, Oracle, Philips, Shell, Toyota, and Tyco, have R&D centers in Bangalore.

Bangalore is known as India’s Silicon Valley because to the enormous number of information technology businesses situated there, which generated 33% of India’s 1,442 billion (US$21 billion) IT exports in 2006–07.

The IT sector in Bangalore is separated into three major clusters: Software Technology Parks of India (STPI), International Tech Park, Bangalore (ITPB), and Electronics City. The United Breweries Group’s headquarters, UB City, is a high-end business zone. Infosys and Wipro, India’s third and fourth biggest software firms, as well as several of the world’s SEI-CMM Level 5 organizations, are located in Bangalore.

The expansion of information technology has provided the metropolis with new difficulties. Ideological disputes sometimes arise between the city’s IT moguls, who seek infrastructural improvements, and the state government, whose voting base is predominantly rural Karnataka residents. The promotion of high-tech industry in Bangalore, for example, has not aided local job creation, but has instead risen land prices and driven away small businesses. The state has also rejected substantial expenditures needed to reverse the dramatic deterioration in city transportation, which has already started to push new and growing enterprises to other parts of India. Bangalore is a biotechnology-related industrial cluster in India, with roughly 47 percent of the 265 biotechnology businesses in India based here in 2005, including Biocon, India’s biggest biotechnology company.

Internet, Comunication in Bangalore

Bangalore’s area code is 080. When calling from outside India, use +91 80 XXXX XXXX. If you do not already have an Indian phone number, it is highly advised that you get a pre-paid calling card if you want to use your phone regularly. When purchasing a pre-paid card in Bangalore, you must provide a photocopy of your passport (visa and ID pages), a color picture, and evidence of your local residence. If you lack the necessary documentation, it is advised that you get a local acquaintance to purchase a pre-paid card on your behalf. Pre-paid cards are available at a handful of the stores that sell mobile devices.

Public telephones are a fantastic choice that is generally accessible. The majority of businesses that provide public phones have prominently displayed “STD/ISD/PCO” signs. Most public pay phones are post-paid, and there will usually be someone at the business to accept payments. Examine the bill created by the machine and make the appropriate payment. Payment is always made in Indian Rupees.

The city has strong mobile phone service. There are several service providers (Aircel, Airtel, BSNL, idea, MTS Reliance, Tata DoCoMo, Uninor, Vodafone) that provide a broad range of plans. If you want to go outside of the metropolitan region, it may be a smart idea to get a mobile phone and utilize one of the pre-paid plans to stay connected while you are still in the city.

There are several Internet cafes that charge between $10 and $25 per hour. If you have a laptop with a wifi connection, you may access free internet services in several malls, restaurants, and hotels. Free public WiFi, on the other hand, is not the rule. MG Road now features free WiFi throughout the street. Connect to the Namma WiFi wireless network and create an account using your cellphone number to get a one-time password for internet access.

High-speed USB data cards are widely available, and all telecom companies sell them over-the-counter in their shops. These often need some kind of identification and confirmation of residence in order to be activated.

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