Tanzania, formally known as the United Republic of Tanzania, is a vast nation in Eastern Africa that is part of the African Great Lakes area. Southern Africa is home to parts of the nation. It is bounded to the north by Kenya and Uganda, to the west by Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the south by Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique, and to the east by the Indian Ocean. Kilimanjaro, Africa’s tallest peak, is located in northeastern Tanzania.
Tanzania’s population of 51.82 million (2014) is varied, including ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups from all over the world. Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic, and Dodoma has been the formal capital city since 1996, housing the President’s Office, the National Assembly, and several government departments. Dar es Salaam, the historic capital, still houses the majority of government offices and is the country’s largest metropolis, main port, and key commercial center.
European colonization began in mainland Tanzania in the late nineteenth century with the formation of German East Africa, which gave way to British authority after World War I. Tanganyika administered the continent, but the Zanzibar Archipelago remained a distinct colonial administration. Following their separate independence in 1961 and 1963, the two countries joined to become the United Republic of Tanzania in April 1964.