Senegal is a West African nation. Senegal is bounded to the north by Mauritania, to the east by Mali, to the southeast by Guinea, and to the southwest by Guinea-Bissau. Senegal also has a border with The Gambia, a nation that occupies a tiny sliver of territory along the banks of the Gambia river that divides Senegal’s southern province of Casamance from the rest of the country.
Senegal also has a marine boundary with the island of Cape Verde. Dakar is Senegal’s economic and political capital. It is the westernmost country on the Old World’s continent, or Afro-Eurasia, and gets its name from the Senegal River, which runs through it to the east and north. The name “Senegal” is derived from the Wolof phrase “Sunuu Gaal,” which translates as “Our Boat.” Senegal has a land area of over 197,000 square kilometers (76,000 square miles) and a population of approximately 13 million people. Although the climate is Sahelian, there is a wet season.