Angola is a nation in Southern Africa. The official name of the nation is the Republic of Angola. It is Africa’s seventh-largest country, surrounded by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north and east, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Cabinda is an exclave province between the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Luanda is the capital and largest city of Angola.
Despite the fact that its region has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Era, modern Angola is the consequence of Portuguese colonization, which began with, and was for decades limited to, coastal cities and trade outposts established beginning in the 16th century. European immigrants gradually and hesitantly began to settle themselves in the interior of the nineteenth century. Due to opposition from tribes like as the Cuamato, Kwanyama, and Mbunda, Angola did not reach its present limits as a Portuguese colony until the early twentieth century. Following a lengthy liberation struggle, the country gained independence in 1975 under communist government sponsored by the Soviet Union. Angola fell into civil war the same year. Since then, it has evolved into a reasonably stable unitary presidential republic.
Angola has huge mineral and petroleum reserves, and its economy is one of the fastest expanding in the world, particularly after the conclusion of the civil war.Despite this, the bulk of the population has a low quality of living, and Angola has one of the lowest life expectancy and infant mortality rates in the world. The bulk of Angola’s wealth is concentrated in a disproportionately small part of the population, resulting in extremely uneven economic growth.
Angola is a member of the United Nations, OPEC, the African Union, the Portuguese Language Countries Community, the Latin Union, and the Southern African Development Community. Angola’s 25.8 million inhabitants represent a diverse range of tribal groupings, cultures, and traditions. Angolan culture reflects centuries of Portuguese rule, most notably in the supremacy of the Portuguese language and Roman Catholicism, along with indigenous elements.