Antananarivo, often known as Tana in French colonial abbreviation, is Madagascar’s capital and biggest city.
Antananarivo is located at 18.55′ South and 47.32′ East, roughly 1,280 meters (4,199 feet) above sea level in Madagascar’s central highlands.
The city is situated in the country’s center, on the north-south axis, and east of the country’s center, on the east-west axis. It lies 160 kilometers (99 miles) east of the east coast and 330 kilometers (210 miles) west of the west coast. The city sits on the peak and slopes of a long, narrow rocky ridge that stretches north and south for approximately 4 kilometers (2 miles) and rises to roughly 200 meters (660 feet) over the vast rice fields to the west.
Antananarivo has a subtropical highland climate with warm, wet summers and moderate, dry winters.
Between November and April, the city gets about all of its yearly rainfall. Frosts are uncommon in the city, however they may be found at higher altitudes. Temperatures vary from 20.5 degrees Celsius (68.9 degrees Fahrenheit) to 14.1 degrees Celsius (57.4 degrees Fahrenheit).
Antananarivo was formerly the capital of the Merina people, who still make up the bulk of Antananarivo’s estimated 1,300,000 residents. The city is well-represented by citizens of all 18 Malagasy ethnic groups, as well as residents of Chinese, Indian, European, and other backgrounds.
Antananarivo is Madagascar’s political, economic, educational, and cultural hub. The Presidency, National Assembly, Senate, and Supreme Court, as well as 21 diplomatic posts and the headquarters of several national and international corporations and non-governmental organizations, are all situated here. In addition, Antananarivo has the most colleges, nightclubs, cultural venues, medical facilities, and other social service institutions of any city on the island.