Monday, January 17, 2022
Cameroon Travel Guide - Travel S Helper

Cameroon

Cameroon, formally the Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun), is a nation in West Africa. It is bounded to the west by Nigeria, to the northeast by Chad, to the east by the Central African Republic, and to the south by Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo. Cameroon’s coastline is located on the Bight of Bonny, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean.

Cameroon is home to around 1738 distinct language groups. The official languages are French and English. Because of its geological and cultural variety, the nation is frequently described to as “Africa in miniature.” Beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas are among the natural characteristics. Mount Cameroon in the country’s southwest region has the highest peak at about 4,100 metres (13,500 ft), and the major cities in terms of population are Douala on the Wouri river, its commercial hub and primary seaport, Yaoundé, its political capital, and Garoua.

The newly unified nation joined the Commonwealth of Nations following independence, despite the fact that the great majority of its territory had previously been a German colony and, after World War I, a French mandate. The country is well-known for its indigenous musical genres, notably makossa and bikutsi, as well as its renowned national football team.

The Sao civilization near Lake Chad and the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern jungle were early residents of the region. In the 15th century, Portuguese explorers reached the shore and called the place Rio dos Camares (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English. In the nineteenth century, Fulani troops created the Adamawa Emirate in the north, and different ethnic groups in the west and northwest built powerful chiefdoms and fondoms. In 1884, Cameroon became a German colony known as Kamerun.

Following World War I, the region was partitioned between League of Nations mandates for France and the United Kingdom. The political group Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC) supported independence but was proscribed by France in the 1950s. It fought against French and UPC militants until 1971. The French-administered section of Cameroon gained independence in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon, led by President Ahmadou Ahidjo. In 1961, it joined with the southern portion of British Cameroons to establish the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, the country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon, and in 1984, it was renamed the Republic of Cameroon.

Cameroon has a relatively high level of political and social stability. Agriculture, roads, trains, and big petroleum and wood businesses have all benefited from this. Nonetheless, many Cameroonians live in poverty as subsistence farmers. Paul Biya, Cameroon’s authoritarian ruler since 1982, and his Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement party wield absolute power. Cameroon’s English-speaking territories have become more estranged from the government, and leaders from those areas have campaigned for further decentralization and even independence (for example, the Southern Cameroons National Council) of the former British-governed territory.

Demographics

Cameroon’s population was 20,030,362 in 2011. The average life expectancy is 53.69 years (52.89 years for males and 54.52 years for females).

The population of Cameroon is nearly equally split between urban and rural inhabitants. The largest metropolitan areas, the western highlands, and the northeastern plain have the greatest population density. The biggest cities are Douala, Yaoundé, and Garoua. The Adamawa Plateau, the southeastern Bénoué depression, and the majority of the South Cameroon Plateau, on the other hand, are sparsely inhabited.

The fertility rate in Cameroon in 2004 was 5.0, according to the official website.

People seeking work are migrating from the overpopulated western highlands and the undeveloped north to the coastal plantation zone and metropolitan centers. Smaller migrations are taking place as people look for work in lumber mills and plantations in the south and east. Although the national sex ratio is well balanced, these out-migrants are mostly male, resulting in imbalanced ratios in certain areas.

Marriage is practiced in both monogamous and polygamous forms, and the typical Cameroonian family is big and extended. Women care to the house in the north, while males herd cattle or work as farmers. Men supply meat and cultivate cash crops in the south, while women provide the family’s food. Cameroonian culture, like other civilizations, is male-dominated, and violence and discrimination against women are widespread.

Estimates place Cameroon’s population at between 230 and 282 distinct ethnic and linguistic groupings. The Adamawa Plateau divides them into northern and southern halves. The northern peoples include Sudanese tribes that reside in the central highlands and northern lowlands, as well as Fulani who live across northern Cameroon. Near Lake Chad, a small group of Shuwa Arabs reside. Southern Cameroon is home to Bantu and Semi-Bantu language speakers. Bantu-speaking tribes dwell along the coast and in the equatorial zones, whereas Semi-Bantu language speakers live in the Western grasslands. Approximately 5,000 Gyele and Baka Pygmy peoples reside in tiny roadside villages or wander the southeastern and coastal jungles. Nigerians are the most numerous foreign nationalities.

Religion

Cameroon has a high degree of religious variety and freedom. Christianity is the main religion, practiced by about two-thirds of the population, while Islam is a substantial minority faith, practiced by roughly one-fifth of the population. Furthermore, traditional religions are practiced by a large number of people. Muslims are more prevalent in the north, while Christians are more concentrated in the south and west, although both religions are practiced across the nation. Both groups are well-represented in large cities. Sunnis (including Wahhabis), Shias, Ahmadis, Sufis, and non-denominational Muslims make up Cameroon’s Muslim population.

People in the North-West and South-West provinces are mostly Protestant, whereas the French-speaking areas of the south and west are predominantly Catholic. Southern ethnic groups mostly adhere to Christian or traditional African animist beliefs, or a hybrid of the two. The majority of people believe in witchcraft, and the government forbids such activities. Mob violence against suspected witches is common. Boko Haram, an Islamist terrorist organization, has been reported to be active in North Cameroon.

The regionally prominent Fulani ethnic group is mainly Muslim in the northern areas, although the total population is pretty equally split between Muslims, Christians, and adherents of indigenous religious beliefs (called Kirdi (“pagan”) by the Fulani). The West Region’s Bamum ethnic group is mostly Muslim. Native traditional religions are practiced in rural areas across the country, but they are rarely practiced publicly in cities, in part because many indigenous religious groups are intrinsically local in nature.

Geography

Cameroon is the world’s 53rd-largest nation, with 475,442 square kilometers (183,569 square miles). It is somewhat bigger than Sweden and about the size of Papua New Guinea. The nation lies in Central and West Africa, on the Bight of Bonny, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Cameroon is located between latitudes 1° and 13° North and longitudes 8° and 17° East.

Cameroon is referred to in tourist literature as “Africa in miniature” because it has all of the continent’s main climates and flora, including the coast, desert, highlands, rainforest, and savanna. Nigeria and the Atlantic Ocean border the nation to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south.

Cameroon is split into five main geographic zones defined by significant physical, climatic, and vegetal characteristics. The coastal plain stretches inland from the Gulf of Guinea for 15 to 150 kilometers (9 to 93 miles) and has an average elevation of 90 meters (295 ft). This belt is heavily wooded and contains some of the wettest locations on Earth, as part of the Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests. It is very hot and humid, with a short dry season.

The South Cameroon Plateau rises from the coastal plain to a height of 650 meters on average (2,133 ft).

This area is dominated by equatorial rainforest, which is less humid than the coast due to its alternating of rainy and dry seasons. This region is a component of the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion.

The Cameroon range is an uneven series of mountains, hills, and plateaus that stretches from Mount Cameroon on the coast—highest Cameroon’s point at 4,095 meters (13,435 feet)—almost to Lake Chad at Cameroon’s northern boundary at 13°05’N. Although rainfall is considerable, the climate in this area is moderate, especially on the Western High Plateau. Its soils are among the most productive in Cameroon, particularly near Mount Cameroon. Crater lakes have formed as a result of volcanism in this area. One of them, Lake Nyos, belched carbon dioxide on August 21, 1986, killing between 1,700 and 2,000 people. The World Wildlife Fund has designated this area as the Cameroonian Highlands forests ecoregion.

The southern plateau rises to the grassy, steep Adamawa Plateau in the north. This feature extends from the western mountain range and serves as a barrier between the country’s north and south. It has an average height of 1,100 meters (3,609 feet) with temperatures ranging from 22 °C (71.6 °F) to 25 °C (77 °F), with significant rains between April and October, peaking in July and August. The northern lowland area stretches from the Adamawa River’s border to Lake Chad, with an average elevation of 300 to 350 meters (984 to 1,148 ft). Its vegetation is characterized by savanna brush and grass. This is an arid area with little rain and high average temperatures.

Cameroon has four drainage patterns. The major rivers in the south include the Ntem, Nyong, Sanaga, and Wouri. These run straight into the Gulf of Guinea from the southwest or west. The Dja and Kadéï drain southeastward into the Congo River. The Bénoué River flows north and west across northern Cameroon before emptying into the Niger. The Logone empties into Lake Chad, which Cameroon shares with three neighboring nations.

Things To Know Before Traveling To Cameroon

Language

Although both English and French are official languages, French is by far the more widely spoken (more than 80 percent ). The original colonisers’ language, German, has since been replaced by French and English. Pidgin Cameroonian The language franca in the previously British-controlled regions is English. Since the mid-1970s, a combination of English, French, and Pidgin known as FrancAnglais has been gaining popularity in metropolitan areas. Bilingualism in English and French is encouraged by the government, and official government papers are written in both languages. Cameroon’s bilingualism program has resulted in six of the country’s eight universities becoming fully multilingual.

There are about 250 additional languages spoken by roughly 20 million Cameroonians in addition to the colonial languages. Cameroon is regarded as one of the world’s most linguistically varied nations as a result of this.

Internet, Comunication

A pre-paid SIM card is required to make local and international calls. Check to see whether your mobile phone supports the GSM standard (Africa/Europe); if not, you’ll need to purchase a new phone in addition to a SIM card. Cameroon’s two main telephone providers are “MTN” and “Orange.”

There is Internet connection available almost everywhere, although the speed may be sluggish.

The national postal service is regarded as unreliable.

Respect

Shaking hands with your left hand is considered impolite. Only use your right hand. It is courteous to extend your wrist for the individual to shake his right hand if you have anything in your right hand or if your right hand is filthy or damp. It is courteous to touch wrists if both of your right hands are engaged.

Holidays

1 January: New Year’s Day & also Independence Day

11 February: Youth Day

1 May: Labour Day

20 May: National Day

15 August: Assumption

1 October: Unification Day

25 December: Christmas Day

How To Travel To Cameroon

By planeCameroon may be accessed through the following routes:Paris (Air France)Brussels (Brussels Airlines)Lagos (Virgin Nigeria and Bellview Airlines)Nairobi (Kenya Airways)Amsterdam (KLM Royal Dutch Airlines)Casablanca (Royal Air Maroc)Addis Ababa (Ethiopian Airlines)Istanbul (Turkish Airlines)Airport personnel, or just hangers-on, may attempt to assist with baggage in order to get more euros/dollars from...

How To Travel Around Cameroon

By planeCamair-Co is presently flying domestically and as a national airline.By trainCamrail, operates rail services from Yaoundé, the capital, to Douala, the maritime city, and Ngaoundéré, the northern metropolis. While bus travel to Douala is faster and more dependable, the best method of ground transportation to the north is...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Cameroon

Except for residents of Mali, Chad, the Central African Republic, and Nigeria, the majority of visitors will need a visa, which should be obtained before to arrival.There are several types of visas available, including airport transit visas, visitor visas for visiting friends and family in Cameroon, business visas for...

Destinations in Cameroon

Cities in CameroonYaoundé (French speaking)Bafoussam (French speaking)Bamenda (English speaking)Buea (English speaking)Douala — the largest city and main centre of trade in Cameroon. (French speaking)Garoua (French speaking)Limbe (English speaking)Ngaoundere (French speaking)Other destinations in CameroonDja Faunal Reserve is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.Korup National ParkMt. Cameroon, the highest mountain...

Money & Shopping in Cameroon

Cameroon uses the Central African CFA franc (XAF). The Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon all use it. While the CFA franc (XAF) and the Western African CFA franc (XOF) are technically distinct currencies, they are used interchangeably in all CFA franc (XAF...

Food & Drinks in Cameroon

Food in CameroonThere are many excellent eateries in the area:Bonapriso quarter: Sorento, Bistrot Latin, Peche Mignon, Oriental Garden (Chinese), Alladin (Lebanese), Paradise (nice English bar), Piccolla Venezia (Italian), Ovalie (classy, expensive), Le Bouchon Lyonaise (French), Le BOJ (French), Le CabanonBonanjo quarter: Chez Wou (Chinese), La CigalleAkwa quarter: Le Senat...

Culture Of Cameroon

Music and danceCameroonian rituals, festivals, social gatherings, and storytelling all include music and dancing. Traditional dances are carefully structured and segregate men and women, or prohibit one sex from participating at all. Dances serve a variety of purposes, from sheer amusement to religious devotion. Music has always been passed...

History Of Cameroon

The area that is now Cameroon was originally inhabited during the Neolithic period. Groups such as the Baka have been around for the longest time (Pygmies). Bantu migrations into eastern, southern, and central Africa are thought to have begun here about 2,000 years ago. Near AD 500, the Sao...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Cameroon

Stay Safe in CameroonViolence is uncommon, so be cautious about wearing jewelry or anything else that might set you out from the crowd. If you are unfamiliar with the region, use a cab after dark.Be warned that Boko Haram, a Nigerian jihadist organization, collaborates with other Islamists and Salafists...

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