Moldova, formally the Republic of Moldova, is an Eastern European landlocked nation bordered on the west by Romania and on the north, east, and south by Ukraine. Chișinău is the capital city.
Moldova gained independence from the Soviet Union on 27 August 1991, as part of the dismantling of the Soviet Union. Moldova’s current Constitution was established in 1994. Since 1990, a stretch of Moldovan territory on the east bank of the river Dniester has been de facto controlled by the separatist Transnistria government.
As a result of a decline in industrial and agricultural production after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the service sector has come to dominate Moldova’s economy, accounting for more than 60% of GDP. Moldova, meanwhile, remains Europe’s poorest nation.
Moldova is a parliamentary republic led by a president who serves as both head of state and head of government. It is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and the Organization for Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC), and aspires to join the European Union.