BULGARIA

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Bulgaria is one of Europe's few remaining exotic locations, owing to its beautiful beaches, charming cathedrals, and winter sports.

Bulgaria is a nation located in the southeastern European region. Officially, it is known as the Republic of Bulgaria. It is surrounded by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. Bulgaria is Europe’s sixteenth biggest country, with 110,994 square kilometers of territory (42,855 square miles).

During the Neolithic period, organized ancient civilizations began to form in what is now Bulgaria. Throughout its ancient history, Thracians, Greeks, and Romans were all there. The emergence of an unified Bulgarian state can be traced all the way back to the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire in 681 AD, which ruled over a large portion of the Balkans and functioned as a cultural hub for Slavs during the Middle Ages. Following the demise of the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1396, the Ottomans governed its borders for almost five centuries.

The Third Bulgarian State was founded in 1877–78 as a consequence of the Russo-Turkish War. Bulgaria had several disputes with its neighbors in the years that followed, pushing it to join Germany throughout both world wars. It became a one-party socialist state in 1946 as a member of the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc. In December 1989, the ruling Communist Party authorized multi-party elections, clearing the path for Bulgaria’s transition to democracy and a market economy.

Bulgaria’s 7.4 million-strong population is mostly urbanized and concentrated in the 28 regional administrative centers. Sofia, the capital and largest city, is the epicenter of economic and cultural activities. The economy’s strongest industries include heavy manufacturing, power engineering, and agriculture, all of which are reliant on local natural resources.

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Beaches In Bulgaria

Each summer, long, sandy beaches and pleasant weather attract tourists to Bulgaria’s Black Sea resorts.

Even the two largest cities on the coast, Varna and Burgas, have lovely beaches within walking distance of their urban cores. And, although Sunny Beach, Sozopol, and other popular destinations have been extensively developed, there are still several hidden coves to the north and south of the big centres.

Explore Best Places in Bulgaria

Visitors will discover a wealth of fascinating information on the country’s history, culture, ethnography, religion, architecture, and arts.

Despite occupying less than 2% of Europe’s land area, Bulgaria has recorded around 40,000 historical monuments (7 of which are included on the UNESCO list of global cultural heritage sites), 36 cultural reserves, 160 monasteries, and approximately 330 museums and galleries.

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Bulgaria - Info

$203 billion

GDP

Lev (BGN)

Currency

+359

Calling code

6,863,422

Population

110,993 km2

Area

Bulgarian

Official language

1st Bulgarian Empire 681–1018

Establishment history

UTC+2 (EET)

Time zone

Bulgaria Travel Guide

Demographics of Bulgaria

Bulgaria has a population of 7,364,570 people, according to the 2011 census. 72.5 percent of the population lives in urban areas, with nearly one-sixth of the total population concentrated in Sofia. Bulgarians are the largest ethnic group in the country, accounting for 84.8% of the population. Turkish and Roma minorities account for 8.8 and 4.9 percent of the population, respectively; about 40 smaller minorities account for 0.7%, and 0.8% do not self-identify as an ethnic group.

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Bulgaria Travel Guide

Geography of Bulgaria

Bulgaria is situated in Southeast Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula’s northeastern region. Its boundaries are 44°13′ to 41°14′ north latitude and 22°22′ to 28°37′ east longitude. It is a European nation bordered by the Balkans, the Black Sea, and the Danube. Due to its physical position, it lies at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.

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Bulgaria Travel Guide

Lifestyle & Culture in Bulgaria

In what is now Bulgaria, lifestyles and civilizations have evolved over thousands of years. Bulgaria is positioned at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, and its territories have been inhabited since prehistoric times. Slavs and proto-Bulgarians were profoundly impacted by Thracians, Illyrians, and Greeks civilizations, and all peoples who lived on these territories – Thracians, Romans, Slavs, and Bulgarians – contributed to the world’s cultural legacy. It is no coincidence that the cradle of European civilisation was located here.

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Bulgaria Travel Guide

Nature in Bulgaria

Bulgaria’s natural terrain is varied, including lowlands, plains, foothills and plateaus, river valleys, basins, and mountains of various altitudes. Around 70% of the country’s area is hilly, while 30% is mountainous. The country’s average elevation is 467 meters, usually decreasing from south to north and west to east. The Balkan Mountain Range is located in the country’s center region, with Botev as its highest point (2,376 m). From south to north, the Iskar River cuts through its western region, forming a magnificent valley more than 70 kilometers long. The northern Balkan Mountains are mostly karst. Vasilyov is the highest mountain in this range (1,490 m).

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Bulgaria Travel Guide

Religions and languages in Bulgaria

Bulgarian is the country’s officially recognized language. It is also included into the country’s constitution. This is the only language written in Cyrillic letters that has been formally designated as an EU language. This language is used in a number of the European Union’s key publications. If we look at the country’s population from an ethnic standpoint, we can claim that more than 85 percent of its inhabitants are Bulgarians. As a result, they do not speak their original language fluently. Only a tiny fraction of Bulgarians regard other languages, such as Turkish, Romanian, Russian, or Roman, to be their mother tongue.

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Bulgaria Travel Guide

Best Time to Visit Bulgaria

Bulgaria has distinct seasons. Summer is very dry and hot in the country. Winter is marked by subzero temperatures and snow, whilst autumn and spring are marked by rain. The nation is broadly split into three distinct climate zones. The northern portion is characterized by a moderate continental climate, which results in summer temperatures that are rather pleasant and winter temperatures that are quite chilly. The country’s center region is dominated by a steppe climate zone. However, on the Black Sea shore, the climate is very similar to that of the Mediterranean.

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