The Bulgarian parliament holds parliamentary discussions at the National Assembly Building. Because of its historical value, the main building has been designated as a cultural monument. It was created in Neo-Renaissance style by Konstantin Jovanovi, a Serbian-Bulgarian architect who earned his education in Vienna and Switzerland and whose other works include the Parliament of Serbia building, and is located in downtown Sofia. Friederich Wilhelm Gustav Liebe, a young Saxon builder who was just 22 years old when work started, built it between 1884 and 1886. The structure was initially painted in an off-white colour, but has remained white since the late twentieth century.
Communist partisans set fire to the present national assembly building (the previous party HQ) in August 1990.
The structure is portrayed on the back of the Bulgarian 20 leva banknote, which was printed in 1999 and 2007.
On January 10, 1944, the Parliament House was bombed by the Allies.
Due to a lack of space in the main building on Parliament Square, several administrative offices of the National Assembly are currently situated at the Largo, the old headquarters of the Bulgarian Communist Party. The whole National Assembly has been proposed to be permanently relocated to the Party House, with its inner courtyard turned into an interior area for the plenary chamber.
It has been relocated to the Party House from September 2020.
Surprisingly, after the April 2021 Bulgarian parliamentary election, the National Assembly returned to the old Parliament House because the new opposition-led majority (ITN, Democratic Bulgaria, ISMV) saw the Party House as a reminder of Bulgaria’s communist history.
Former Bulgarian Communist Party Headquarters
The old Communist Party House (Bulgarian: Partien Dom) is presently utilized by the Bulgarian National Assembly. Today, the building is mostly utilized for government offices, with the magnificent Sofia Hall being used for charity events on occasion.
The light-colored neo-classical tower is at the end of Independence Square, but it demonstrates how past communist authorities in Bulgaria made an attempt to follow the whole Communism ideology and construct a magnificent building to house the Communist Party central Committee. A team of notable architects created the stunning edifice, which is today one of Sofia’s top monuments. It was finished in 1955. A large red star adorned the rocket-shaped spire of the structure to signify Communism in Bulgaria. However, when Bulgarians tried to destroy the structure in 1990, the star was quickly removed. As a result, the red star was replaced with the Bulgarian flag.