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Mashdad Travel Guide - Travel S Helper


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Mashhad is the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province and the second most populated city in Iran. It is situated in the country’s northeast, near to the borders with Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. According to the 2011 census, it had a population of 2,749,374 people, while its built-up (or metro) area had a population of 2,782,976 people, comprising the cities of Mashhad Taman and Torqabeh. It was a significant oasis on the historic Silk Road, which connected with Merv in the east.

The grave of Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam, is the city’s most recognized and respected landmark. Millions of visitors visit the Imam Reza shrine each year to pay their respects to Imam Reza. Harun al-Rashid, the Abbasid caliph, is also buried inside the mausoleum.

Mashhad is also recognized as the city of Ferdowsi, the Iranian poet who wrote the Shahnameh, Iran’s national epic. Some of the most important Iranian literary leaders and artists have been born in the city, including Mehdi Akhavan-Sales, a well-known modern poet, and Mohammad-Reza Shajarian, a traditional Iranian singer and composer. Ferdowsi and Akhavan Sales are both buried at Tus, an ancient city that is said to be the original origin of Mashhad.

Mashhad – Info Card

POPULATION : 2,749,374
FOUNDED :   818 AD
• Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+04:30)
LANGUAGE :  Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
RELIGION :  Muslim 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha’i) 2%
AREA :  327 km2 (126 sq mi)
ELEVATION :  995 m (3,264 ft)
COORDINATES :  36°18′N 59°36′E
SEX RATIO :  Male: 50.30
 Female: 49.70
ETHNIC :  Persian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic tribes 2%, other 1%
AREA CODE :  511
DIALING CODE :   +98 511
WEBSITE :   Official Website

Tourism in Mashhad

Almost everything in Mashhad is related to its status as Iran’s holiest city, even its name (literally:burial place of the martyr). Mashhad, the capital of Iran’s Khorasan region, has a lot to offer travelers with its year-round moderate weather and unique insights into the Shi’ite heartland.

Climate of Mashhad

Mashhad’s climate is steppe, with hot summers and chilly winters. The city receives just approximately 250 mm of precipitation per year, some of which falls as snow on occasion. Mashhad also has wetter and drier seasons, with the majority of the yearly precipitation occurring between December and May. Summers are often hot and dry, with high temperatures sometimes topping 35 degrees Celsius (95 degrees Fahrenheit). Winters are often chilly to cold and rainy, with nightly lows regularly falling below freezing. Mashhad receives little more than 2900 hours of sunlight per year on average.

Geography of Mashhad

The city is situated at 36.20o North latitude and 59.35o East longitude, in the Kashafrud River valley towards Turkmenistan, between the Binalood and Hezar Masjed mountain ranges. Because of its closeness to the mountains, the city enjoys calm winters, nice springs, warm summers, and magnificent autumns. It is approximately around 250 kilometers (160 miles) from Turkmenistan’s capital, Ashgabat.

The city serves as the administrative headquarters for both Mashhad County (or the Shahrestanof Mashhad) and Mashhad’s somewhat smaller district (Bakhsh). The city, excluding sections of the neighboring Bakhsh and Shahrestan, is split into 13 smaller administrative entities, with a combined population of around 3 million people.

Economy of Mashhad

Mashhad is Iran’s second biggest vehicle manufacturing center. Dry fruits, salted nuts, saffron, Iranian sweets like gaz and sohaan, precious stones like agates, turquoise, intricately designed silver jewelry studded with rubies and emeralds, eighteen carat gold jewelry, perfumes, religious souvenirs, trench coats, scarves, termeh, carpets and rugs are the city’s mainstays.

Nutrition industries, apparel, leather, textiles, chemicals, steel and non-metallic mineral industries, building materials manufacturers, handicraft industry, and metal industries are among the city’s significant industries.

Mashhad is Iran’s tourist powerhouse, accounting for more than 55% of all hotels in the country.

In the geography of tourism, holy sites are recognized as the most powerful center to draw visitors from all over the globe, with 20 to 30 million pilgrims from Iran and over 2 million pilgrims and tourists from all over the world visiting Mashhad each year.

Mashhad is a major manufacturer of leather goods in the area.

The city’s International Exposition Center is the second most busy exhibition center after Tehran, which holds dozens of international shows each year because to its closeness to Central Asian nations.

Smart-innovators in Mashhad, for example, is a forerunner in electrical and computer technologies.



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