Monday, June 27, 2022

Things To See in Peru

South AmericaPeruThings To See in Peru

Read next

Forgotten temples in the dense Amazon jungle, lost Inca cities, fabulous wildlife and extraordinary folklore. Peru has everything that adventure films are made of.

Most of the best Inca sites are in the Inca highlands around the beautiful city of Cuzco, once the capital of the Inca empire and now a World Heritage Site itself, as well as a bustling city. Book at least six months in advance if you want to do the famous 4-day Inca Trail hike, which usually starts at the 15th-century Inca dwellings at Ollantaytambo. You’ll have to use your imagination to get past the huge crowds at the final destination, Machu Picchu, but it’s worth it. Wait until the larger crowds have left, find a quiet spot away from the tourist crowds and contemplate your view of one of the most famous and spectacular archaeological sites in the world. Many other sites are located in the nearby Sacred Valley.

The list of great Peruvian ruins from pre-Columbian times is long, and not all of them are Inca. The ancient mud-brick capital of Chan Chan, built by the Chimú culture that arrived in the 15th century, is a World Heritage Site. Other popular sites include the tombs of Sipán, the ruined fortress of Kuelap, the pre-inca tombs of Sillustani and Caral, the oldest city in the Americas. The spectacular Nazca lines are particularly famous and a must-see from the air, although you’ll have to haggle a bit to get the right price.

Natural attractions

Peru is home to 84 of the world’s 104 recognised ecological zones and is incredibly rich in biodiversity. With a wide range of landscapes and ecosystems, this country is a veritable Valhalla for all those who love wildlife. Peru is famous for its condors, llamas and jaguars, but it is also home to almost a third of the world’s bird species and no less than 4,000 butterflies.

One of the best places to see all this natural beauty is in the Manú National Park. This World Heritage Site is home to more than 15,000 species of plants, 1,000 different birds and around 220 mammals, including pumas, giant anteaters and many monkeys. The breathtaking Colca Canyon, dubbed the ‘deepest canyon in the world’, is Peru’s third most visited destination and is just a stone’s throw from the beautiful city of Arequipa. Get up close to the famous Andean condors that fly along the canyon’s high walls or buy a colourful souvenir handmade by one of the indigenous peoples who inhabit the picturesque Colca Valley. Of all the peaks in the Peruvian Andes, Huascarán (6,768m), in Huascarán National Park, is the highest of them all. This 3,000 square kilometre World Heritage Site is home to 663 glaciers, 296 lakes and 41 tributaries of three major rivers. The large city of Iquitos is a popular starting point for exploring the mystical Amazon, one of the seven natural wonders of the world. It is also the capital of the Charapa culture. Among the long list of protected areas in Peru are the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, Rio Abiseo National Park and Cutervo National Park (with many caves).


The diversity of Peru’s people and cultures is reflected in a rich tradition of festivals, dance and music. In the Andes, the plaintive wail of the flute and the rhythm of the drum accompany songs describing indigenous life, while dancers masked as devils and spirits combine pagan and Christian beliefs. In the jungle, ceremonial music and dance provide a window into tribal life. And on the coast, a mix of elegant Spanish sounds and lively African rhythms reflect the conquest and subsequent enslavement of the New World. One of the must-see shows is the Caballo de Paso Peruano in Lima and on Peru’s northern coast. The Concurso del Caballo de Paso Peruano takes place in April and is a mixture of the Caballos and the dance called “Marinera” which is the cultural expression of the coast in Peru.

Other highlights

Head to the blue waters of Lake Titicaca to meet indigenous peasant women wearing bowler hats at high altitude and join in the celebrations of their ancient communities. Puno is a good starting point, also for a relaxing boat trip to the various islands and towns of the Altiplano on and around the lake, all with their own character and historical relics. If you fancy perfect beaches and sunbathing, head for the crowded beaches and resorts of Piura/Tumbes. Spend a day in one of Lima‘s many excellent museums and dance the night away in one of the city’s popular clubs. Buy shamanic herbs at the Chiclayo market and see the dozens of tombs in the area.

How To Travel To Peru

By air The capital Lima has the Jorge Chávez International Airport, with frequent flights to/from all over the world. The main airlines operating from Lima's Jorge Chávez International Airport are Air Canada, Aeromexico, Aerolineas Argentinas, American Airlines, Avianca Holdings, Copa, Delta, Grupo Latam (formerly Lan & Tam Airlines), Gol, Iberia,...

How To Travel Around Peru

Time and distance Almost all cities outside Lima had a flight time of between 1 and 1.5 hours. It is recommended to use the airlines. For example, from Lima to Zorritos in Tumbes (beautiful beach with modern resorts), the bus trip takes 21 hours. Yurimaguas-Iquitos(water): 2.5 daysQuito-Lima(Bus): 27 hoursLima-Cuzco(Bus): 21 hoursLima-Cuzco(plane):...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Peru

Tourists from North America, Australia, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore and the European Union (and many others, check with the nearest Peruvian embassy or foreign ministry for the latest information, albeit in Spanish) will be issued a visa on arrival for up to 180 days. When you enter the country, you must...

Destinations in Peru

Regions Central coastSouth coastNorth CoastSouthern SierraCentral SierraNorthern SierraAltiplanoSan MartínPeruvian AmazonMadre de Dios Cities LimaArequipaAyacuchoCajamarcaChiclayoCuzcoIquitosPunoTrujillo Other destinations Chan Chan - impressive ruins of the ancient earthen city of Chimor, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.Chavín de Huántar - UNESCO World Heritage Site, originating from the pre-Inca Chavin culture around 900 BC.Huascarán National Park - High mountain...

Weather & Climate in Peru

The combination of tropical latitude, mountain ranges, topographical variations and two ocean currents (Humboldt and El Niño) gives Peru a wide variety of climates. The coastal region has moderate temperatures, low rainfall and high humidity, except for the warmer and more humid northern areas. In the mountainous region, summer...

Accommodation & Hotels in Peru

Hotels in Peru are very common and quite cheap. They range from 1 to 5 stars. The 5 star hotels are usually for package tourism or business travel, and are very common outside Lima for the most visited tourist attractions like Cuzco/Machu Picchu with its stunning scenery, Paracas (to...

Food & Drinks in Peru

Food in Peru Peruvian cuisine is one of the most varied in the world. Not only does the country grow a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, but it does so all year round. Peru's geography offers at least 8 different climates (coastal desert, steep and high mountains, Amazon basin)....

Money & Shopping in Peru

The currency of Peru is the Sol (PEN), symbolised by S/. As of 20 October 2015, 1 USD = 3.25 PEN and 1 € = 3.69 PEN is one of the most stable currencies in South America in recent years. Coins come in five, two and one soles, as well as...

Festivals & Holidays in Peru

Public holidays in Peru DateNameJanuary 1New Years Day(movable)Holy Thursday(movable)Good Friday(movable)Easter DayMay 1International Workers' DayJune 29St. Peter and St. PaulJuly 28 and 29Independence DayAugust 30Santa Rosa de LimaOctober 8Battle of AngamosNovember 1All Saints DayDecember 8Immaculate ConceptionDecember 25Christmas

Internet & Communications in Peru

Except in the tiniest towns and villages, public telephones for national and international calls are available. The majority are in pubs or shops. Some of them take coins, but be wary of stuck coins or suspicious-looking coin receivers, since these may cause you to lose your money. Don't worry...

Traditions & Customs in Peru

Even if it is Spanish, do not use the term indio. Because it was employed by Spanish invaders, it sounds a lot like the English n-word to locals. The politically acceptable phrase is el indgena or la indgena — but, like with the n-word, extremely close pals within a...

Language & Phrasebook in Peru

Peru, like many South American nations, has Spanish as its official language. It's a good idea to learn a few basic Spanish phrases since you'll need them to travel about outside of the major tourist areas. Although English is spoken by a growing number of young people in Lima...

Culture Of Peru

Peruvian culture is mainly based on Amerindian and Spanish traditions, but it has also been affected by ethnic groups from Asia, Africa, and Europe. Peruvian creative traditions may be traced back to Pre-Inca civilizations' exquisite ceramics, textiles, jewelry, and sculpture. These skills were preserved by the Incas, who also...

History of Peru

Prehistory and pre-Columbian period The oldest evidence of the human presence in Peruvian land dates back to about 9,000 BC. Agriculture was essential in Andean civilizations, which used methods like irrigation and terracing, as well as camelid husbandry and fishing. Because these civilizations had no concept of market or money,...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Peru

Stay Safe in Peru There is a kind of local police called "Serenazgo" in Lima and several of the bigger cities: you may ask for assistance, but they do not provide tourist-oriented services. Be alert of your surroundings and avoid dark or unpopulated places, particularly at night. There is a lot...



South America


North America

Most Popular