Stay Safe in Peru
There is a kind of local police called “Serenazgo” in Lima and several of the bigger cities: you may ask for assistance, but they do not provide tourist-oriented services.
Be alert of your surroundings and avoid dark or unpopulated places, particularly at night. There is a lot of minor criminality that may escalate into violence. Avoid gatherings of male teenagers since there are many small gangs attempting to rob passers-by. If you observe a robbery, use extreme caution before interfering, since criminals may be armed and are prone to shooting if they feel threatened.
Tourist armed robberies are quite frequent.
A filthy old backpack containing valuables is safer than a fresh one with old clothing. It’s frequently preferable not to seem too wealthy.
Some tourists do not carry wallets and instead retain their cash and coins in their pockets. Let’s suppose you have some little banknotes on the left side and the remainder on the right. As a result, the pickpocket’s task becomes considerably more difficult.
Don’t carry your debit or credit cards around with you. Leave them in a secure location when you don’t need them right away, since visitors have been abducted and forced to withdraw money every day for a few days.
A neck wallet is usually a fantastic option if you want to carry big sums of cash out with you – you can conceal it under your shirt.
Be wary of fake bills. Every bank has posters explaining what to look for while receiving higher-valued banknotes. The only security feature that has not been tampered with is the bichrome 10,20,50,100, or 200, which is now also used on US dollar notes. Don’t be afraid to double-check any invoices you get. The majority of Peruvians do as well. You may receive fake bills even at expensive restaurants or (uncommonly, although it has happened) banks, so check there as well.
The legislation allows for small amounts of narcotics for personal use or possession (up to 2 g of powdered cocaine or 8 g of marijuana) (Section 299 of the Penal Code of Peru) PROVIDED THAT THE USER HAS ONLY ONE TYPE OF DRUGS IN HIS POSSESSION. Buying or selling these substances is prohibited, even if possession in these quantities is permitted.
When getting a cab, do a quick check in the rear seat and trunk to ensure that no one is hidden there. There have been instances of armed robberies and kidnappings in cabs. Following that, visitors are blindfolded and transported away of the city, leaving them behind beside the highway.
People have attempted to steal passports by impersonating plain-clothed police officers at the border crossing from Ecuador (Huaquillas) to Peru. They offer you another form to fill out that is a forgery. This occurred despite the fact that police and customs officers were nearby.
When taking a bus, it is best to keep your bag beneath your seat, with the strap wrapped around your leg.
Tourist police wear white shirts instead of the customary green ones, speak English, and are very friendly to visitors. The average police officer does not speak any other language than Spanish, although will usually attempt to assist.
Dealing with the police may be time-consuming. To get a copy of a police report, go to a Banco de la Nación and pay 3 soles. The police will not give you a copy unless you have this, and you can only arrange this during business hours.
Earthquakes are possible in Peru, which is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire. Beware of tsunamis if you are near the shore and the earth begins to shake.
Stay Healthy in Peru
Vaccinations and Prophylaxis
The number and kind of vaccinations required for travel to Peru are determined by many variables, including your medical history and the areas of the country you want to visit. Tetanus, diphtheria, typhoid fever, hepatitis A and B, yellow fever, rabies, and meningitis are the most frequent vaccinations required for travel to Peru. Some of them need more than one dosage or a considerable amount of time to be effective. As a result, you should ask about required vaccinations 6 to 8 weeks before your travel.
All travelers should be vaccinated against Hepatitis A and Typhoid fever.
The Peruvian government advises any visitors planning to visit Amazonian forest regions below 2,300 meters to be vaccinated against yellow fever (7,546 ft). Yellow fever vaccination is not required for those who just visit the shore or the highlands.
Yellow fever vaccination is also needed for all visitors arriving from Africa and the Americas, where the illness is prevalent.
Yellow fever has been recorded in Cuzco, San Martn, Loreto, Pasco, Amazonas, Ancash, Ayacucho, Huánuco, Junn, Madre de Dios, Puno, and Ucayali in recent years. Permission to Vaccinate Permission to Vaccinate Permission to Vaccinate Per
Travelers who think they may have had sex in the nation should be vaccinated against Hepatitis B, particularly if their stay is more than six months.
The rabies vaccine is recommended for travelers who may come into contact with infected animals while away from a hospital, but if you are bitten, seek medical attention as soon as possible, as the prophylactic rabies vaccine is ineffective at preventing rabies infection, which is almost always fatal once symptoms appear.
All travelers who have not previously gotten the measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccination should get two doses.
Every ten years, a tetanus/diphtheria booster is advised.
Bring a first-aid kit, particularly if you want to go on a walk in the countryside during your stay.
Malaria may be found in areas of Peru. Malaria is not a threat in major cities such as Lima and its surrounding regions, or in places over 1500 meters (4,921 ft). However, you may be in jeopardy: (1) on the country’s northern shore (Tumbes, Piura, and Lambayeque); (2) in the Amazon region: Loreto department (Iquitos), San Martin, Ucayali, Just as Amazon (Chachapoyas), and Cajamarca (Jaen). Malaria cases have also been recorded in Cuzco Department (Province of Concepción, outside of the tourist region of Machu Picchu) and Madre de Dios. If you intend to visit these regions, take the necessary measures and, if recommended by a physician, preventive medicines.
Food safety Enjoy the cuisine, but exercise caution should you acquire diarrhea, dysentery, or a more severe illness, such as a parasite infection, which may spoil your vacation. Food that has been thoroughly cooked is most likely safe. Food that has been left out for an extended period of time or that has been landed on by flies may make you ill. Seafood, in particular, is prone to spoilage. Raw fruits and vegetables may be hazardous unless they can be properly peeled without contacting the pulp inside, or unless they are washed in safe (not unboiled tap) water. Bananas and papayas are the most nutritious fruits.
Water from the tap. In Peru, unless you boil it, tap water is hazardous to consume or use for brushing your teeth. Bottled water is less expensive than boiling water and tastes better. Check to be sure the bottle hasn’t been opened and refilled. If you don’t trust the staff at a restaurant, you may request that the bottle of water be opened in your presence. Ice cubes should preferably be produced with pure water, but if in doubt, avoid ice.
Bites by insects Avoiding bug bites lowers the chance of acquiring mosquito-borne illnesses such as yellow fever, dengue fever, leishmaniasis, and malaria.
Rabies There have been documented instances of rabies in Peru, therefore be cautious of animals that act oddly near you and seek medical attention promptly if bitten.
The sun and the heat Expect to take some time getting used to the heat, particularly if you’re in the forest. Avoid fatigue, heat stroke, and sunburn by taking reasonable measures, such as drinking enough of safe water and not waiting until you’re thirsty to drink.
Injuries and accidents Accidents and injuries kill more travelers than illnesses, so be cautious. Aside from standard measures, you should avoid riding a bicycle or motorbike in Peru if you are inexperienced.
Common medications, such as antibiotics, may be purchased relatively inexpensively and without limitations in pharmacies (farmacias or boticas). However, be certain that the expiry date has not passed. Pharmacists are often extremely helpful and should be contacted if necessary. They may be able to substitute a doctor for less severe diseases.
Electrolytic beverages aid in the prevention of dehydration. Almost every drugstore sells granules that dissolve in water. If you don’t have any, just dissolve the sugar and salt in water. But remember to use clean water, not contaminated tap water! Antibiotics may be used to treat bacterial diarrhea if it does not resolve within a week. Generally, pharmacists are quite helpful.
Don’t underestimate it if you’ve never been to higher elevations than 3,500m (12,000 ft). It is fairly uncommon for unacclimatized visitors to pass out. If you’re coming from sea level, spend at least one week at a middle elevation of approximately 3,000 m (10,000 ft). Then, heights of approximately 4,500 m (15,000 ft) should not pose a danger, but you will still be aware of your surroundings.
Because Peru is so near to the equator, the sun may be harmful to your skin and eyes. The intense UV radiation from the height, along with the relatively chilly air, may burn your skin before you feel it, especially in the Sierra. Sunblockers are widely available at pharmacies (boticas). Bring excellent UV-blocking sunglasses from home if your eyes are sensitive to light. Of course, you can purchase sunglasses in Peru as well, but be certain that they block the whole UV spectrum; otherwise, they may be worse than none.
Outside of clearly well-equipped restaurants and hotels in cities and towns, bathrooms are often basic and, at times, filthy. It’s a good idea to carry your own toilet paper, since Peruvian toilet paper may be harsh and just one ply. Toilet doors are labeled “bao,” “S.H,” or “SS.HH.” The last two are acronyms for the more formal phrase servicio higienico. Expect to spend no more than 20 centimos for toilet paper and 50 cents to one dollar to access the restroom.
Water is not always available in hostels or low-cost hotels. Showers in the Andean area may also have more or less hot water just in the afternoon since the water is heated only by sun radiation. Electrically heated showers are common, however the electric installation may be hazardous at times since the water heater is usually located near the shower head. Examine it before turning on the shower, particularly if you are tall enough to come into contact with the wires or other metal while bathing and electrocute yourself. However, don’t be too concerned since these electric shocks are typically unpleasant rather than life-threatening.
If you are a woman and need tampons during your period, you should carry them with you from home since they are not widely used in Peru. At Lima, you may find them in grocery chains such as Tottus, Wong, Metro, and Plaza Vea, as well as pharmacy stores/chemists known as farmacias and boticas. When you locate them, purchase enough to last the remainder of your journey, since they are practically unknown in the rest of the nation. You may also bring a menstruation cup since they are reusable and small.