Wednesday, January 19, 2022

Culture Of Ecuador

South AmericaEcuadorCulture Of Ecuador

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Ecuador’s mainstream culture is defined by its Hispanic mestizo majority and, like their ancestors, is traditionally Spanish in origin, influenced to varying degrees by Amerindian traditions and in some cases by African elements. The first and most significant wave of modern immigration to Ecuador consisted of Spanish colonists, following the arrival of Europeans in 1499. A smaller number of other Europeans and North Americans migrated to the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and in smaller numbers Poles, Lithuanians, English, Irish and Croats during and after World War II.

Since African slavery was not the order of the day in the Spanish colonies in the Andes, as the subjugation of the indigenous population took place through missionisation and encomiendas, the minority population of African descent is mainly found in the northern coastal province of Esmeraldas. This is mainly due to the shipwreck of a slave-trading galleon off the northern coast of Ecuador in the 17th century. The few black African survivors swam to shore and, under the leadership of Anton, the chief of the group, penetrated into the then dense jungle, where they remained as free men and preserved their original culture, which was not influenced by the typical elements found in other provinces of the coast or in the Andean region. A little later, runaway slaves from Colombia, the so-called cimarrones, joined them. In the small Chota valley of Imbabura province, a small community of Africans exists among the predominantly mestizo population of the province. These blacks are descendants of Africans brought over from Colombia by Jesuits to work as slaves on their colonial sugar plantations. In general, small elements of Zambos and mulattos coexisted among the overwhelming mestizo population of the Ecuadorian coast throughout history as gold miners in Loja, Zaruma and Zamora and as shipbuilders and plantation workers around the city of Guayaquil. Today, a small community of Africans can be found in the Catamayo Valley of the predominantly Mestizo population of Loja.

Ecuador’s indigenous communities are integrated into mainstream culture to varying degrees, but some also practice their own indigenous cultures, particularly the more remote indigenous communities of the Amazon basin. Spanish is spoken as a first language by more than 90% of the population and as a first or second language by more than 98%. Some of the Ecuadorian population may speak Amerindian languages, in some cases as a second language. Two percent of the population speak only Amerindian languages.

Music

The music of Ecuador has a long history. Pasillo is a genre of indigenous Latin American music. In Ecuador, it is the “national genre of music”. Over the years, many cultures have brought their influences together to create new types of music. There are also different types of traditional music such as Albazo, Pasacalle, Fox Incaico, Tonada, Capishca, Bomba (very established in Afro-Ecuadorian societies), and so on. Tecnocumbia and Rockola are clear examples of the influence of foreign cultures. One of the most traditional forms of dance in Ecuador is Sanjuanito. It originates from northern Ecuador (Otavalo-Imbabura). Sanjuanito is a type of dance music played by the mestizo and indigenous communities during festivals. According to Ecuadorian musicologist Segundo Luis Moreno, Sanjuanito was danced by the Amerindians on the birthday of San Juan Bautista. This important date was set by the Spanish on 24 June, coincidentally the same date that the Amerindians celebrated their Inti Raymi rituals.

Kitchen

Ecuadorian cuisine is varied and varies with the altitude and associated agricultural conditions. Most regions in Ecuador follow the traditional three-course meal of soup, a course that includes rice and a protein, and then dessert and coffee to finish. The evening meal is usually lighter and sometimes consists only of coffee or herbal tea with bread.

In the highland region, pork, chicken, beef and cuy (guinea pig) are popular and served with various grains (especially rice and maize) or potatoes.

Seafood is very popular in the coastal region, with fish, shrimp and ceviche being an important part of the diet. Generally, ceviches are served with fried plantains (chifles y patacones), popcorn or tostado. Dishes based on plantains and peanuts are the basis of most meals on the coast. Encocados (dishes containing a coconut sauce) are also very popular. Churrasco is a staple in the coastal region, especially in Guayaquil. Arroz con menestra y carne asada (rice with beans and grilled beef) is one of Guayaquil’s traditional dishes, as is fried plantain, which is often served with it. This region is a leading producer of bananas, cacao beans (used to make chocolate), shrimp, tilapia, mango and passion fruit, among other products.

In the Amazon, a staple food is the yuca, also called cassava. Many fruits are available in this region, including bananas, tree grapes and peach palms.

Art

The best-known art styles from Ecuador belonged to the Escuela Quiteña, which developed from the 16th to 18th centuries, examples of which are on display in various old churches in Quito. Ecuadorian painters include Eduardo Kingman, Oswaldo Guayasamín and Camilo Egas from the Amerindian movement; Manuel Rendon, Jaime Zapata, Enrique Tábara, Aníbal Villacís, Theo Constanté, Luis Molinari, Araceli Gilbert, Judith Gutierrez, Felix Arauz and Estuardo Maldonado from the Informalist movement; and Luis Burgos Flor with his abstract, futuristic style. The indigenous people of Tigua, Ecuador, are also world-renowned for their traditional paintings.

How To Travel To Ecuador

By airQuito's Mariscal Sucre International Airport (UIO) is located in the municipality of Tababela, approximately 30 km (20 mi) east of Quito. Travellers with very early departures or very late arrivals from Quito airport, as well as those not staying in Quito but travelling elsewhere, may consider accommodation in...

How To Travel Around Ecuador

By busIntercity buses go almost everywhere in Ecuador. Many cities have a central bus station, called the Terminal Terrestre, where you can buy tickets for the different bus routes that serve the city. Long-distance buses generally cost between $1 and $2 an hour, depending on the distance and type...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Ecuador

In 2008, the President of the Republic amended the regulations so that citizens of any nationality could enter Ecuador without a visa and stay for a period of ninety days per chronological year, in order to strengthen relations between Ecuador and all countries of the world and promote tourism....

Destinations in Ecuador

RegionsAmazon rainforestAndes HighlandsCoastal lowlandsGalapagos Islands - Isolated archipelago world-famous for its unique wildlife and Darwin's evolutionary research.CitiesQuito - Second highest capital in the world, with a well-preserved colonial centre. The weather is generally spring-like and relatively unpredictable throughout the year, and changes quickly.Ambato - The central city of Ecuador....

Weather & Climate in Ecuador

The climate is very different and is mainly determined by altitude. The mountain valleys have a mild climate all year round, the coastal areas have a humid subtropical climate and the lowlands are tropical forests. The Pacific coastal zone has a tropical climate with an abundant rainy season. The...

Accommodation & Hotels in Ecuador

There are many budget hostels to be found throughout Ecuador. Often the hostels in smaller towns are actually private homes that welcome travellers. As with most things, locals can help you find an excellent hotel at a very low price ($6-14). Again, large groups can haggle for lower prices....

Things To Do in Ecuador

The capital Quito, is a city with a lot of history where you can walk around the city centre and enjoy the beautiful colonial buildings. There is also the "Teleférico" (cable car) that takes passengers from the highest mountain in Quito to see the whole city from the sky....

Food & Drinks in Ecuador

Food in EcuadorThroughout the country, there is a great variety in what is typically eaten, depending on the place. In the Sierra, potatoes are almost always part of lunch and dinner; on the coast, rice is popular. Soup is also a big part of lunch and dinner. Breakfast often...

Money & Shopping in Ecuador

CurrencyEcuador adopted the US dollar (USD) as its currency in 1999. Other types of currencies are not readily accepted.Ecuador has its own coins. These are exactly the same size and weight as American coins, and both are accepted. U.S. dollar coins are widely used and preferred over $1 notes....

Festivals & Holidays in Ecuador

DateEnglish name1 JanuaryNew Year's DayFebruary - MarchCarnivalMarch-AprilGood Friday1 MayInternational Workers' DayMay 24The Battle of Pichincha (1822)10 AugustDeclaration of Independence of Quito (1809)9 OctoberIndependence of Guayaquil (1820)2 NovemberAll Souls' Day3 NovemberIndependence of Cuenca (1820)25 DecemberChristmas Day

Internet & Communications in Ecuador

InternetInternet cafés are almost everywhere in the big cities and in many of the smaller towns. The cost is between $1 and $2 per hour in the big cities, and the better places have high-speed access. In some cafés, restaurants and hotels you will find free wifi access, usually...

Traditions & Customs in Ecuador

The usual greetings are "Buenos días", "Buenas tardes" or "Buenas noches", (Good morning, good day or good evening respectively). Greetings are usually followed by a handshake, among men, and a kiss on the cheek, among women or between a man and a woman. "Hola" is the most common greeting...

History Of Ecuador

Pre-IncaVarious peoples had settled in the area of the future Ecuador before the arrival of the Incas. Some probably sailed on rafts from Central America to Ecuador, some came to Ecuador by way of the tributaries of the Amazon, some came from the north of South America, and some...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Ecuador

Stay Safe in EcuadorTourists should use common sense to ensure their safety. Avoid problems by not showing large sums of money, not visiting areas close to the Colombian border, staying away from civil unrest and not using the side streets of major cities at night. The biggest threat in...

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Food & Drinks in Guyana

Food in GuyanaGuyanese cuisine, like the country as a whole, is a Creole fusion.If there is a dominant cuisine, it is the dishes influenced by the Indian subcontinent that have been localised. The best known are curries, including chicken, pork, beef, pumpkin and aubergine. The larger roti shops and...

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