Regular international flights serve the major cities of Bogotá, Medellín, Cali, Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, Cartagena, Pereira and San Andrés, as well as other smaller cities on the borders with Venezuela, Ecuador, Panama and Brazil.
There are daily direct flights to and from the USA, Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Spain, France and South America.
Note that Medellín is the only Colombian city served by 2 airports: International and long-haul domestic flights go to José María Córdova International Airport (IATA: MDE), while regional and some other domestic flights arrive at Olaya Herrera Airport (IATA: EOH)
Bogotá has two airport terminals: Puente Aéreo and El Dorado. Outside the airport, beware of pushy men who will help you get your luggage into a taxi or car and then wait to be paid. It is best to politely decline any offer of help, unless it comes from a taxi driver you are about to hire.
Taxis are regulated, cheap and safe from the airports. A taxi ride from the airport to Bogotá’s central business district takes about 20 minutes.
- Entry is from Venezuela via the San Cristóbal-Cúcuta or Maracaibo-Maicao pass.
- The entrance is from Ecuador through the Tulcan-Ipiales (Rumichaca) pass.
- Important: There are no main roads from 3 neighbouring countries: Panama, Brazil and Peru. There are no roads at all from Panama, and there are tiny roads between Colombia and Peru or Brazil, but they do not lead to major cities or regions.
Entry is from Panama via the Puerto Obaldia-Capurganá pass. From Capurganá, another boat ride takes you to Turbo, from where you take buses to Medellín and Montería. From Panama City, you can take a ferry to Cartagena.
If you are coming from Brazil, there are weekly boats from Manaus to Tabatinga/Leticia across the Amazon. It takes about six days to leave Manaus and only three days to return (the reason for this difference is the river current). There are also weekly motorboats, which are more expensive but cover the distance in less than two days. Once in Leticia, there are daily domestic flights to several cities, including Bogotá.
Many cruise ships make one-day visits (mainly to Cartagena), especially during the cooler months in North America.
From the main terminal in Caracas, connections can be made to most cities in Colombia. From the main terminal in Maracaibo (Venezuela) there are buses to the coastal cities (Cartagena, Baranquilla, Santa Marta). The Maicao border offers a relatively easy and direct entry into Colombia from Venezuela.
You can also enter from Venezuela via the busy road from San Cristóbal to Cúcuta, which passes through the border town of San Antonio del Táchira.
Crossing the border can be a little difficult and even dangerous, especially at night. Ask the locals.
It is very easy to enter Colombia from Ecuador. Drive to Tulcan where you can take a taxi to the border. Get your exit stamps at immigration and take another taxi to Ipiales. From there you can continue to Cali, Bogotá,…..travel.
You can’t take a bus from Panama to Colombia – the Darien Gap starts in Yaviza, where the Interamericana ends. Instead, consider a boat trip. There are often yachts that sail from Colombia to Panama and back, with a stopover in the beautiful San Blas Islands.
Airlines with flights between the two countries are: Avianca, COPA, LAN.