Sunday, August 7, 2022

History Of Colombia

South AmericaColombiaHistory Of Colombia

Read next

Colombia was inhabited by many large indigenous cultures such as the Muisca, Tayrona and Quimbaya. Some indigenous groups, such as the Caribs, lived in a permanent state of war, but others had a less warlike attitude. The region that is now Colombia was conquered by the Spanish through alliances with certain indigenous groups when the Americas were ‘discovered’ by the Europeans. The process of conquest and colonisation radically changed the social structures of the territories, the indigenous population dramatically decreased in size and its share of the population has been declining ever since. The Spanish Empire brought European settlers and African slaves, while the majority of the colony’s population was of mixed Spanish and indigenous descent. The Spanish Empire brought slaves to its colonies mainly by using the “Asiento” system, in which merchants from many slave-owning nations obtained licences to transport slaves.

Independence from Spain was achieved in 1819 as part of the “Gran Colombia” federation, but the federation was dissolved in 1830. It is one of the five countries liberated by Simón Bolívar (the others being Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru and Bolivia). The success of independence movements throughout Latin America was helped by the Napoleonic Wars, which left two rival governments in mainland Spain. The Republic of New Granada was formed from what is now Colombia and Panama. The new nation experimented with federalism in the form of the Confederation of Granada (1858), then the United States of Colombia (1863) before proclaiming the Republic of Colombia in 1886. The intentions of the United States of America to control the Panama Canal led to Panama becoming a separate nation in 1903.

Colombia was the first constitutional government in South America. Slavery was abolished in the country in 1851. The years following independence were marked by several civil wars. The legacy of these conflicts, combined with state repression of leftist militias in rural areas and the polarisation of the world caused by the Cold War, led to a communist insurgency campaign by the FARC and ELN to overthrow the Colombian government in 1964. The years of conflict were marked by violent fighting between communist guerrillas, the Colombian state and army, right-wing paramilitaries and several drug cartels. In the years since 2005, security has improved throughout the country. A difficult peace process led to the disbanding of the AUC (right-wing paramilitaries) as an official organisation, and in 2012 the government and the FARC began peace talks aimed at ending the 50-year civil war once and for all. Colombia is on the up and its economy is improving rapidly. Ending the conflict, wealth inequality and nation building are some of the issues facing the country. In October 2016, President Santos was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the country’s five-decade civil war.

How To Travel To Colombia

By air Regular international flights serve the major cities of Bogotá, Medellín, Cali, Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, Cartagena, Pereira and San Andrés, as well as other smaller cities on the borders with Venezuela, Ecuador, Panama and Brazil. There are daily direct flights to and from the USA, Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Spain,...

How To Travel Around Colombia

By air The main domestic airlines in Colombia are Avianca (Colombia's main national airline)VivaColombia (the cheap Ryanair-type airline). This airline offers the cheapest fares, but the worst booking system for foreigners. For 2014, foreign credit cards are not accepted to book a flight. VivaColombia has no offices and hardly any tour...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Colombia

Citizens of most Western countries, including most European countries, all South American countries, Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, Belize, Mexico, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, Brunei, Philippines, Taiwan, South Korea, Bhutan, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore do not need a visa...

Destinations in Colombia

Regions AndinoRugged Andean landscapes and altiplanos with Colombia's two largest cities, Bogotá and Medellín, as well as beautiful national parks and coffee plantations.Costa NorteColombia's vibrant Caribbean has much to offer, with both historic and modern coastal towns and opportunities for diving, trekking and exploring the jungle and desert.OrinoquíaThe endless eastern...

Things To See in Colombia

A large part of Colombia is located in the Andes, which means that there are beautiful mountain landscapes. On the other hand, there are also beautiful beaches in the lowlands. The height of some of the peaks allows you to see snow even though they are in the tropics.

Things To Do in Colombia

There is a lot to do in Colombia and you can find parties and celebrations everywhere you go. Colombians especially love to dance, and if you don't know how, they will be happy to teach you. Colombia is known for its exciting nightlife. There are many groups and agencies that...

Food & Drinks in Colombia

Food in Colombia In many parts of Colombia, it is common to eat buñuelos (fried cornmeal balls with cheese in the batter) and arepas (fairly thick corn tortillas, often made with cheese and served with butter) with scrambled eggs for breakfast. Bogotá and the central region have their own breakfast...

Money & Shopping in Colombia

Currency Colombia's currency is the Colombian peso, but the symbol you will encounter is the $. Most banks and exchange offices accept major world currencies such as the US dollar and the euro. ATMs are widely available, with different withdrawal limits. The banks with the highest limits are Citibank, (1,000,000 COP,...

Festivals & Holidays in Colombia

Colombia has 18 public holidays (12 Catholic and 6 civil), plus Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday. The city of Barranquilla has two additional holidays to celebrate Carnival Monday and Tuesday. The following days are public holidays in Colombia: Año Nuevo / (New Year's Day) (1 January)Día de los Reyes Magos /...

Internet & Communications in Colombia

Post There is no government postal system in Colombia. However, the private company 4-72 is Colombia's de facto postal service, although it tends to be somewhat slow and unreliable. Residents rarely use the 4-72 service and usually turn to courier services such as Servientrega, which has many more branches than...

Traditions & Customs in Colombia

Colombians are aware of their country's bad reputation, and any indelicate remark about the history of violence may earn you a derogatory remark (probably about your country of origin) and an abrupt end to the conversation. However, Colombians are eventually willing to talk about these topics if they feel...

Language & Phrasebook in Colombia

The official language of Colombia is Spanish. Some indigenous tribes in rural areas continue to speak their own language, but almost all people from these tribes will be bilingual in their own language and in Spanish. If you have recently learned Spanish, you will be relieved to know that the...

Culture Of Colombia

Colombia lies at the crossroads of Latin America and the wider Americas, and as such has been affected by a wide range of cultural influences. Amerindian, Spanish and European, African, American, Caribbean, Middle Eastern and Latin American cultural influences are all present in modern Colombian culture. Urban migration, industrialisation,...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Colombia

Stay Safe in Colombia WARNING: Although security in Colombia has improved considerably, drug-related violence is still evident in some, mainly rural, areas of the country. In particular, the kidnapping of foreigners for ransom - although not as great a problem as at the beginning of the millennium - still occurs...

Asia

Africa

South America

Europe

North America

Most Popular