- Brazil has a reciprocal visa policy with all countries, which means that where visa fees and restrictions are applied to Brazilians visiting a country, Brazil applies the same measures to visitors from that country.
- Citizens of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela can enter the country with a valid identity card and stay for up to 90 days.
- No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days for passport holders from these countries, unless otherwise stated: Andorra, Argentina, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Hong Kong SAR passport, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Liechtenstein, South Africa, South Korea, Luxembourg, Macao, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Singapore (30 days, ordinary passports only), Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago. Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Hungary, New Zealand, Netherlands, Namibia Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, UK (including UK National Passport (Overseas) holders), Uruguay, Venezuela (60 days) and Vatican City. Note that the immigration officer has the right to limit your visa to less than 90 days if he/she deems it necessary. (This has been done routinely for single male travellers arriving in Fortaleza, ostensibly to combat prostitution tourism.) ) He will then write the number of days (say 60 or 30) in biros on the stamp that has just been issued in your passport; otherwise it will remain at 90 days.
- Nationals of all other countries (full list [www] ) need a visa. Fees vary depending on reciprocity: for example, US citizens must pay at least $160 for a tourist visa and $220 for a business visa. Canadian citizens can expect to pay at least $117 Canadian for a tourist visa (as of November 2008), not including processing and handling fees. The cost of a visa to Brazil for Taiwanese citizens or Taiwanese passport holders is $20 (note from the Brazilian Embassy in Lima, Peru) and the processing time is 5 days. However, reciprocity often applies to the validity of the visa: US citizens can obtain a visa valid for up to 10 years, as can Canadian citizens for up to 5 years.
- Tourist visas (including those issued locally at the immigration control) can be extended at any Policia Federal office. Since 01.10.2012, tourist visas can NOT be extended for Schengen citizens. All state capitals and most border cities and international ports have one. Tourist visas will only be extended once, for a maximum of 90 days, and in no case will you be allowed more than 180 days on a tourist visa for a period of 365 days. You must contact the Federal Police approximately one week before your visa expires. The processing fee is currently R$67 (October 2008). You may be asked for an exit ticket (book a fully refundable ticket online, which you can then cancel if your visa is extended), and proof of means of support (for which your credit card is usually accepted). To apply for the extension, you need to fill in the Emissão da Guia de Recolhiment form on the Federal Police website, which you then take to Banco do Brasil to pay the fee. Do not pay the fee until you have spoken to a federal police officer about your case. If they refuse to extend your visa, you must have a bank account in Brazil to get a refund.
- The requirement to enter Brazil for the first time within 90 days of visa issuance now only applies to nationals of the following countries: Angola, Bahrain, Burma, Cambodia, Cape Verde, China, Cuba, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Greece, Honduras, Indonesia, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Korea, Laos, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Syria, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand and Tunisia. If you do not enter Brazil within 90 days, the visa becomes invalid, regardless of how long it was valid.
|Entry and exit stamp|
|Immediately after your passport has been stamped by the Brazilian Federal Police, make sure that the last number on the right-hand end of the stamp is a 1. A 1 means you have entered the country and a 2 means you have left. Some federal police officers have mistakenly given foreign nationals the stamp with the number 2 on it when they entered the country. If you have the number 2 stamp and you try to extend the visa in a city that is not your port of entry, you will be asked to return to the city where you got the wrong stamp to have it corrected before you can get the extension.|
- By law, you must show your exit ticket when you enter the country, but this is only applied in exceptional cases. Even if you are asked, you can often get away with it by explaining that you took the bus to Argentina and could not buy the ticket in Europe.
- If you overstay your tourist visa, you will be fined R$8.28 per day (as of October 2007), for a maximum of 100 days. This means that even if you stay illegally for 5 years, the fine will never exceed R$828. You will be asked to pay at the border post. As this can take some time, it is a good idea to do this a few days in advance at a federal police office, especially if you have a connection between a domestic and an international flight. The feds will then give you 8 days to leave the country. If you do not pay the fine when you leave, you will have to pay it the next time you enter the country. The fact that you have been fined for overstaying in the past does not usually mean future problems with immigration, but it is best to keep all receipts and old passports for reference.
- If for some reason you want to enter or leave the country without contacting the immigration authorities, there are many small border towns where controls are virtually non-existent. The local police (who do not have a stamp or computerised immigration record) may tell you to contact the federal police in a nearby town.
- If you are travelling to Brazil from certain tropical regions, you will need a yellow fever vaccine and a certificate proving that you have received it. Note that it is illegal to import animals, meat, dairy products, seeds, plants, eggs, honey, fruit or any type of unprocessed food without a permit. Contact [[email protected]] for more information.