The Bahamas , formally the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, is an island country located on the Lucayan Archipelago, made up of more than 700 islands, cays and islets situated in the Atlantic Ocean; located north of Cuba and the Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic); and northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands; south-east of Florida, USA; as well as east of the Florida Keys The capital city is Nassau located on the island of New Providence. The term “The Bahamas” can refer either to the country or to the larger chain of islands it shares with the Turks and Caicos Islands. As stated in the Royal Bahamas Defence Force mandate/manifesto, the territory of The Bahamas covers 470,000 km2 (180,000 sq mi) of ocean area.
The Bahamas was where Columbus first landed in the New World in 1492. During that time, these islands were settled with the Lucayan people, who were a tribe of the Arawakan-speaking Taino people. While the Spanish have never colonised the Bahamas, they did ship the indigenous Lucayans into the slavery in Hispaniola. From 1513 to 1648, most of the islands were deserted until English colonists arrived from Bermuda and settled on the island of Eleuthera.
The Bahamas became a colony of the British Crown in 1718 when the British cracked down on piracy. Following the American War of Independence, the Crown moved many thousands of American Loyalists to the Bahamas, bringing their slaves there and establishing their plantations on land grants. Africans formed the majority of the population from this time. As a result, the Bahamas became a haven for liberated African slaves. The Royal Navy re-settled Africans who had been liberated from illegal slavery ships. American slaves and Seminoles who had fled from Florida, as well as the government liberated American slaves who had been transported on indigenous United States ships and reached the Bahamas because of the weatherAs of 1834, all slavery in the Bahamas was abolished. Today, the descendants of slaves and free Africans make up almost 90% of the population; issues related to slavery are part of society.
In 1973, the Bahamas became independent but retained Queen Elizabeth II as monarch. In terms of gross domestic product per capita, the Bahamas is one of the richest countries in the Americas (after the United States and Canada), with an economy based on tourism and finance.
It is situated between the Latitudes 20° and 28° N and the Longitudes 72° and 80° W.
The Governor of the Bahamas announced in 1864 that the Colony comprised 29 islands, 661 creeks as well as 2,387 rocks.
Bimini, known as the gateway to the Bahamas, is the closest island to the USA. The island of Abaco is located east of Grand Bahama. The southeastern island is Inagua. The largest island is Andros Island. Other inhabited islands are Eleuthera, Cat Island, Long Island, San Salvador Island, Acklins, Crooked Island, Exuma, Berry Islands and Mayaguana.
All islands are low and flat, with ridges that generally do not exceed 15 to 20 m (49 to 66 ft). The highest point of the country is Mount Alvernia (formerly Como Hill) on Cat Island. It has a height of 63 metres (207 ft).
The archipelago of the Bahamas are actually the tops of banks formed some 90,000 to 120 years ago by the formation of coral reefs. The well-known pink sand beaches of the Bahamas get their bright appearance from the broken shell pieces combined with the sand. The highest point in the Bahamas is Mount Alvernia on Cat Island, which is 63 metres (over 200 feet) high.
The wildlife in the Bahamas includes several species. Many different species of crabs can be found on the beaches. Hermit crabs and Cardisoma guanhumi are two of the land crabs commonly seen on the island. Abaco’s wild horses on the Bahamas have become famous.
During a Bahamas tour, visitors to the island may encounter various other species, such as the Bahamas hutia, numerous frogs, rock raccoons, snails such as cerion, cicadas, blind cave fish, ants and reptiles.
The wildlife of the Bahamas offers a wide range of amazing birds. In the Bahamas, parrots and pigeons are among the most common and most popular birds that you can find.
In the Bahamas, you will also find a variety of marine life. There are sharks, dolphins, anglerfish, starfish and turtles which can be seen in the waters around the Bahamas. Apart from numerous species of fish, tourists can also discover various types of worms.
The Bahamas has an estimated population of 392,718, of which 25.9% are under the age of 14, 67.2% are between the ages of 15 and 64, and 6.9% are over the age of 65. They have a population growth rate of 0.925% (2010), with a birth rate of 17.81/1,000 inhabitants, a death rate of 9.35/1,000 and a net migration rate of -2.13 migrants/1,000 inhabitants. They have a life expectancy of 69.87 years, 73.49 for women and 66.32 for men. The total fertility rate is 2.0 children/woman.
The most populated islands at the moment is New Providence, where is located Nassau, its capital and largest city, as well as Grand Bahama, where is located the second largest city, Freeport.
Racial and ethnic groups
According to the 99% response rate from the race question in the 2010 census questionnaire, 91% of the population reported being African or Afro-Bahamian, 5% European or Euro-Bahamian, and 2% mixed race (African and African) European). In 1722, 3 centuries earlier, at the time of the first official census of the Bahamas, there were 74% whites and 26% blacks in the population.
Afro-Bahamians are Bahamian nationals whose primary ancestry was in West Africa. While the first Africans to arrive in the Bahamas were liberated slaves of Bermuda. They arrived with the Eleutheran Adventurers looking for an opportunity to make a new life.
Africans or Afro-Bahamians are the largest ethnic group in the Bahamas since the plantation colonial era. in the 21st century, they make up about 91% of the country’s population. The Haitian population is also predominantly of African descent, with a population of approximately 80,000 people. Due to an extremely high immigration of Haitians to the Bahamas, the Bahamian government began deporting illegal Haitian immigrants to their homeland in late 2014.
There are 16,598 (5%) descendants of Europeans or European Bahamians. European Bahamians or Bahamians of European and mixed European descent are the largest minority and are mainly descendants of English Puritans fleeing religious persecution in England and American Loyalists escaping the American Revolution, which arrived in 1649 and 1783, respectively. Many Southern Loyalists went to the Abaco Islands, half of whom were of European descent as of 1985. A small portion of the Euro-Bahamian population is descended from Greek workers who helped develop the sponge industry in the 1900s. They make up less than 1% of the country’s population, but have retained their distinct Greek-Bahamian culture.