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History Of Saint Lucia

North AmericaSaint LuciaHistory Of Saint Lucia

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The earliest known inhabitants of St Lucia were the Arawaks, thought to have arrived from northern South America around 200-400 AD. Numerous archaeological sites on the island have yielded specimens of well-developed Arawak pottery. The Caribs gradually replaced the Arawaks in the period from 800 to 1000 AD.

The first Europeans landed on the island in 1492 or 1502, during Spain’s first exploration of the Caribbean. The British failed in their first colonisation attempts in the early 17th century. The island was first settled by the French, who signed a treaty with the indigenous Caribs in 1660. Like the British and Dutch, the French began to develop the island for the cultivation of sugar cane on extensive plantations.

Living conditions in the Caribbean were harsh and many slaves died before they lived long enough to have children. The French (and later the British) continued to import slaves until the latter nation abolished the trade and then the legal institution. At that time, people of African descent were far more numerous than those of European descent.

Thereafter, St Lucia was hotly contested between the two European powers until the British obtained it in 1814. It was part of the British colony of the Windward Islands. When the colony was dissolved, it joined the West Indies Federation (1958-62). In 1967, St Lucia became one of the six members of the West Indies Associated States, with internal self-government. It achieved full independence in 1979.

How To Travel To Saint Lucia

By air Saint Lucia has two airports, George FL Charles Airport (SLU), which is located near Castries.Hewanorra International (UVF), which is located near Vieux Fort. George FL Charles Airport is closer to many of the all-inclusive resorts. It has a modest terminal and runway capable of handling inter-island commercial flights with ease....

How To Travel Around Saint Lucia

The main mode of transport for tourists in St Lucia is by taxi, whether organised by the hotel, taxi agency or individual operators. Tours organised by hotels are usually the most expensive way to travel, but they can provide food and drink. Using a local taxi company to organise...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Saint Lucia

Citizens of the following countries do not require a visa: Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Begium, Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark (including Faroe Islands and Greenland), Dominica, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Hungary,...

Weather & Climate in Saint Lucia

The local climate is tropical, tempered by north-easterly trade winds, with a dry season from 1 December to 31 May and a rainy season from 1 June to 30 November. Average daytime temperatures are around 29°C, average nighttime temperatures are around 18°C. As the country is quite close to the...

Accommodation & Hotels in Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia has a large number of resorts, small boutique hotels, villas, condominiums and holiday homes. SunWestVillas, Rodney Bay, Gros Islet. Good location.OceanviewHotel, Rodney Bay, Gros Islet. Small hotel complex with 37 rooms and a spa.Villa Beach Cottages, Castries. Independent villas directly on the beach.The InnOnThe Bay, Marigot Bay. 5...

Things To See in Saint Lucia

The Pitons - Two volcanic plugs jutting out of the sea, formed by past volcanic activity. They are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and are depicted on the national flag.Pigeon Island Nature Reserve - located north of Gros Islet, the park is home to some of St Lucia's oldest...

Things To Do in Saint Lucia

Sulphur Springs - just south of Soufriere, these hot springs are one of the island's main attractions. The hot water flows into a pool, so don't forget to pack your swimsuit and take a dip!Hiking in the rainforest - there are several official hiking routes on the island. On...

Food & Drinks in Saint Lucia

Food in Saint Lucia Local Food in St Lucia consists mainly of fresh fruit and vegetables, fish and a variety of curry, jerk, rice and stew dishes. Pot au feu is a delicious stew traditionally from the indigenous cultures of the Caribbean and can be found in many local restaurants in...

Money & Shopping in Saint Lucia

Castries Market is a good place to buy gifts, as is the JQ Shopping Centre in Rodney Bay. There is also La Place Carenage, a duty-free shop and gift and souvenir shop in the main port of Castries. Here you will find quality jewellery, arts and crafts, ideal for...

Culture Of Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia's culture has been influenced by African, Indian, French and English heritage. One of the minor languages is St. Lucian Creole French, which is spoken by almost the entire population. Saint Lucia has the second highest ratio of Nobel laureates to total population of any sovereign country in the...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Saint Lucia

Stay Safe in Saint Lucia St Lucia is not an incredibly dangerous place, but the rates of murder, rape and assault have risen dramatically in recent years. You should exercise the same caution that you would at home. Also, try to stay in groups and be careful in remote areas....

Festivals & Holidays in Saint Lucia

St Lucia's cultural festivals include the Rose and the Daisy, the former representing the indigenous St Lucian fraternal society known as the Order of the Rose, shaped in the mould of Rosicrucianism, and the latter its traditional rival, the indigenous St Lucian equivalent of Freemasonry, known as the Order...

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