Friday, January 28, 2022

History Of Jamaica

North AmericaJamaicaHistory Of Jamaica

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The indigenous Arawak and Taino peoples, originally from South America, settled the island between 4000 and 1000 BC.

Christopher Columbus claimed Jamaica for Spain after landing there in 1494. Columbus’ likely landing point was Dry Harbour, now called Discovery Bay. St Ann’s Bay was the “Holy Glory” of Christopher Columbus, who first sighted Jamaica there. The Spanish were forcibly driven out by the British at Ocho Rios in St Ann’s and in 1655 the British captured the last Spanish fort in Jamaica. The Spanish settlers fled, leaving behind large numbers of African slaves. Rather than be enslaved again by the British, they fled to the mountainous regions of the island and joined those who had already fled the Spanish and were living with the Taínos. These escaped slaves, known as Jamaican Maroons, fought the British in the 18th century. During the long years of slavery, the Maroons established free communities in the mountainous interior of Jamaica, preserving their freedom and independence for generations.

During the first 200 years of British rule, Jamaica became one of the leading sugar exporting nations and was dependent on slavery. After the abolition of the slave trade in 1807, the British imported Indian and Chinese Indentured Servants to supplement the labour pool. Descendants of Indian and Chinese indentured servants still live in Jamaica today.

In the early 19th century, Jamaica was heavily dependent on slavery and blacks (Africans) outnumbered whites (Europeans) by almost 20 to 1. Although England had banned the importation of slaves, some were still smuggled into the colonies.

In the 1800s, the British created a number of botanical gardens. These included Castleton Garden, which was created in 1862 to replace Bath Garden (founded in 1779), which was prone to flooding. Bath Garden was the site of the planting of the breadfruit brought to Jamaica from the Pacific by Captain William Bligh. The other gardens were Cinchona Plantation, founded in 1868, and Hope Garden, founded in 1874. In 1872 Kingston became the capital of the island.

Jamaica slowly gained increasing independence from the United Kingdom, becoming a province of the Federation of the West Indies in 1958 before achieving full independence in 1962 when it withdrew from the Federation.

How To Travel To Jamaica

By airNorman Manley International Airport (IATA: KIN) in Kingston.Donald Sangster International Airport (IATA: MBJ) in Montego Bay.These two airports receive a large number of international flights daily. There are smaller airports in Negril and Ocho Rios, as well as a smaller one in Kingston that can be served by...

How To Travel Around Jamaica

By trainJamaica has about 250 miles of railway track, 77 of which are currently operated by Windalco to carry privately run bauxite (aluminium ore) trains. Public passenger and freight services were discontinued in 1992, but increasing congestion and poor road conditions have prompted the government to re-examine the economic...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Jamaica

With the exception of Canada, citizens of Commonwealth countries need a passport valid for at least six months, a return ticket and sufficient funds. Canadian citizens need a passport or birth certificate and an identity card.No visa is required except for citizens of Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Pakistan and Sierra...

Destinations in Jamaica

Regions in JamaicaCounty of CornwallThe western region includes the parishes of Hanover, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Trelawny and Westmoreland.Middlesex CountyThe central region includes the parishes of Clarendon, Manchester, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine and Saint Mary.County of SurreyThe Eastern Region includes the municipalities of Kingston, Portland, Saint Andrew and Saint...

Weather & Climate in Jamaica

Jamaica's climate is tropical, with hot and humid weather, although the higher regions inland are more temperate. Some areas on the south coast are relatively dry rain shadow areas. Jamaica is located in the Atlantic Ocean hurricane belt; therefore, the island sometimes experiences significant storm damage.

Things To See in Jamaica

Visit Nine Mile, where Bob Marley was born and is now buried. The drive into the mountains takes you to the heart of the country. Spend a day on Negril's 7-mile beach and end it at Rick's Cafe for a spectacular sunset and more fantastic cliff jumping.BeachesJamaica has more...

Things To Do in Jamaica

Hiking, camping, snorkelling, zip-lining, horse riding, backpacking, swimming, jet skiing, sleeping, scuba diving, kite surfing, visiting the Giddy House, drinking and swimming with dolphins.Dunn's River Falls is a must when you visit Jamaica. They are located in Ocho Rios. The 600-foot high cascade falls are beautiful. You can even...

Food & Drinks in Jamaica

Food in JamaicaJamaican food is a mix of Caribbean and local dishes. Although Jamaican food has a reputation for being very spicy, local trends tend towards a variety of more versatile dishes. Some of the Caribbean dishes you will see in other countries in the region are rice and...

Money & Shopping in Jamaica

The currency of Jamaica is the Jamaican dollar ($, J$, JA$), whose unique ISO 4217 currency code is JMD. There are notes of 50, 100, 500, 1,000 and 5,000 JMD. There are 20, 10 and 5 JMD coins in circulation (smaller coins are practically worthless).The Jamaican economy has not...

Language & Phrasebook in Jamaica

Jamaicans speak native Jamaican Creole, also known as Patois (pronounced "patwa"). Its pronunciation and vocabulary are quite different from English, although it is based on English. Although it is not official, a large part of the population uses slang such as "Everyting is irie", which means "Everything is good".Although...

Culture Of Jamaica

MusicAlthough it is a small nation, Jamaican culture has a strong presence around the world. The musical genres of reggae, ska, mento, rocksteady, dub and more recently dancehall and ragga have all emerged from the island's vibrant and popular urban record industry. Jamaica also played an important role in...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Jamaica

Stay Safe in JamaicaJamaica has the fifth highest homicide rate in the world. As in any other country, in an emergency, after calling 119 for the police or 110 for the fire brigade or ambulance, you should contact your government's embassy or consulate. Governments generally advise travellers who will...

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