Friday, January 28, 2022

Culture Of Guatemala

North AmericaGuatemalaCulture Of Guatemala

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Guatemala City is home to many of the country’s libraries and museums, including the National Archives, the National Library and the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, which has an extensive collection of Mayan artefacts. There are also private museums such as the Ixchel, which focuses on textiles, and the Popol Vuh, which deals with Mayan archaeology. Both museums are located on the campus of the Universidad Francisco Marroquín. Most of the country’s 329 municipalities have at least one small museum.

Art

Guatemala has produced many indigenous artists who follow centuries-old pre-Columbian traditions. Reflecting Guatemala’s colonial and post-colonial history, encounters with various global art movements have also produced a variety of artists who have combined traditional primitivist or naïve aesthetics with European, North American and other traditions.

The Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas “Rafael Rodríguez Padilla” is Guatemala’s most important art school, and several prominent indigenous artists who also graduated from this school have works in the permanent collection of the Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno in the capital. Contemporary Guatemalan artists who have made a name for themselves outside Guatemala include Dagoberto Vásquez, Luis Rolando Ixquiac Xicara, Carlos Mérida, Aníbal López, Roberto González Goyri and Elmar René Rojas.

Music

Guatemalan music encompasses a variety of styles and forms of expression. Social change in Guatemala has been fostered by music such as the Nueva Cancion, which combines history, contemporary issues, political values and the struggles of ordinary people. The Maya had an intense musical practice, as evidenced by their iconography. Guatemala was also one of the first regions in the New World to be introduced to European music, starting in 1524. Numerous composers from the Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic and contemporary periods have contributed to the creation of works of all genres. The marimba is the national instrument; it has developed a wide repertoire of very attractive pieces that have been popular for over a century.

The Historia General de Guatemala has released a series of CDs of Guatemala’s historical music, representing all styles, from Mayan, colonial, independent and republican times to the present. Many contemporary music groups in Guatemala play Caribbean music, salsa, Garifuna-influenced punta, Latin pop, regional Mexican music and mariachi.

Kitchen

Many of the traditional dishes of Guatemalan cuisine are based on Mayan cuisine and have maize, chillies and black beans as main ingredients. Some foods are also eaten on certain days of the week, such as the popular custom of eating paches (a type of potato-based tamale) on Thursdays. Some dishes are also associated with special occasions, such as fiambre for All Saints’ Day, 1 November, or tamales and ponche (fruit punch), both very common at Christmas.

How To Travel To Guatemala

By airGuatemala's main airport, La Aurora International Airport (IATA: GUA), is located in Guatemala City. International flights come mainly from other Central American countries, the USA, Mexico, Colombia and Spain. The airport recently underwent a modernising reconstruction. Today it is a glass and concrete building with modern shops and...

How To Travel Around Guatemala

By busIt's hard to miss the brightly coloured buses that fill the streets of Guatemala's big cities and highways. These are chicken buses, or camionetas in Spanish, and are a common mode of transport for Guatemalans and an adventure for tourists. They are much cheaper than tourist buses or...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Guatemala

The following nationalities do not require a visa to visit Guatemala: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Chile, Denmark, El Salvador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Portugal, Russia, Singapore,...

Destinations in Guatemala

Regions in GuatemalaCentral HighlandsThis region is home to the capital of Guatemala and at least one active volcano.Western HighlandsThis region is by far the most beautiful part of Guatemala and includes many indigenous Mayan villages. Lake Atitlan is also in this region, as are at least two active volcanoes.Eastern...

Weather & Climate in Guatemala

Guatemala has a varied climate. Most parts of the country are hot (between 80 and 90 , depending on the season and location), with post-meridian thunderstorms usually moderating the heat somewhat. In the Altos, the mountainous region, the weather is generally a little cooler, varying between 70 ...

Things To See in Guatemala

The Mayan ruins are the country's main attractions and the most notable are El Mirador, perhaps the cradle of Mayan civilisation, and Tikal.VolcanoesGuatemala has many volcanoes, many of which are over 3,000 metres high.Volcán de Pacaya (2500m) - this is an active volcano located about 30 minutes from Antigua....

Things To Do in Guatemala

Guatemala is rich in natural beauty and travel opportunities. It is a country that offers so much for those who are willing to get off the beaten track for a while.Antigua Guatemala is often referred to as a hub for travellers, a picture-perfect ruined city in Central America surrounded...

Food & Drinks in Guatemala

Food in GuatemalaTypical food :Kaq IkPepiánJocomQuichomTortillas and tortillas de harina. Corn tortillas are served with most meals.Frijoles negros - stewed black beansCaldos - Beef brothsTamales - steamed maize flour with various toppings, wrapped in banana leaves.Rice and beans (Garifunafood in Puerto Barrios)Tapado, ceviche and other fish dishesChurrascosThe typical breakfast...

Money & Shopping in Guatemala

CurrencyThe local currency is the quetzal, named after the national bird, whose connotations are still ancient and mythical today. One US dollar is equivalent to 7.61 quetzals. US dollars are widely accepted and can be exchanged in most small towns. ATMs can be found in larger towns, but don't...

Festivals & Holidays in Guatemala

The Guatemalan Labour Code recognises the following dates as public holidays with paid leave:1 January: New YearMarch / April Thursday, Friday and Saturday: Easter, Holy Week1 May: International Labour Day, known as "Workers' Day".30 June: Armed Forces Day15 September: Independence Day20 October: Revolution Day1 November: All Saints' Day24 December:...

Internet & Communications in Guatemala

PhoneThe international telephone code for Guatemala is 502. There is no area code. All telephone numbers have eight digits. On 18 September 2004, the telephone system was changed from seven to eight digits, and there is a system for adding certain digits to the beginning of seven-digit numbers (description...

Language & Phrasebook in Guatemala

Spanish is the official language of Guatemala and the most widely spoken language. More than twenty indigenous languages are still spoken throughout the country, but many Maya have at least a basic knowledge of Spanish, except in the most remote areas. For the Garifuna of Livingston, Garifuna and English...

History Of Guatemala

Pre-ColumbianThe earliest evidence of human settlement in Guatemala dates back to at least 12,000 BC. Sites dating back to 6500 BC have been discovered at Quiché in the central highlands and at Sipacate, Escuintla, on the central Pacific coast. Archaeologists divide Mesoamerica's pre-Columbian history into a pre-Classical period (2000...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Guatemala

Stay Safe in GuatemalaGuatemala has one of the highest violent crime rates in the world. Travellers should take extra precautions while in Guatemala. If you are assaulted, robbed or approached by armed persons, cooperate. Do not make any sudden movements or hand over any items or money that are...

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