Grenada is an island nation in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. It consists of Grenada and six other islands near the southern end of the Grenadines. Grenada borders Trinidad and Tobago to the northwest, Venezuela to the northeast, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the southwest.
Grenada is also known as the “Island of Spice” due to its huge exports of nutmeg and mace. It has an area of 344 square kilometers (133 square miles) and is home to an estimated population of 110,000. St. George’s is the capital. The Grenada dove is the country’s official bird. It is severely endangered.
Grenada is the largest island in the Grenadines. The smaller islands are Carriacou, Petit Martinique, Ronde Island, Caille Island, Diamond Island, Large Island, Saline Island and Frigate Island. Most of the population lives in Grenada, where the main towns are the capital, St. George’s, Grenville and Gouyave. The largest settlement on the other islands is Hillsborough on Carriacou.
The islands are of volcanic origin with extremely fertile soil. The interior of Grenada is very mountainous, with Mount St. Catherine being the highest at 840 metres. Several small rivers with beautiful waterfalls flow into the sea from these mountains.