Thursday, August 11, 2022

Culture Of El Salvador

North AmericaEl SalvadorCulture Of El Salvador

Read next

The mestizo culture dominates the country, shaped by the influences of indigenous North Americans and Spaniards from Europe. Intermarriage between the indigenous Mesoamerican population of Cuzcatlan and European settlers created a new mixed population. The Catholic Church plays an important role in Salvadoran culture. Archbishop Óscar Romero is a national hero for his role in resisting the human rights abuses that took place in the run-up to the Salvadoran civil war. Important foreign figures in El Salvador include Jesuit priests and professors Ignacio Ellacuria, Ignacio Martín-Baró and Segundo Montes, who were assassinated by the Salvadoran army in 1989 at the height of the civil war.

Painting, ceramics and textiles are the most important manual artistic media. The writers Francisco Gavidia (1863-1955), Salarrué (Salvador Salazar Arrué) (1899-1975), Claudia Lars, Alfredo Espino, Pedro Geoffroy Rivas, Manlio Argueta, José Roberto Cea and the poet Roque Dalton are among the most important writers of El Salvador. Notable personalities of the 20th century are the filmmaker Baltasar Polio, the director Patricia Chica, the artist Fernando Llort and the cartoonist Toño Salazar.

Among the most famous representatives of the graphic arts are the painters Augusto Crespin, Noe Canjura, Carlos Cañas, Julia Díaz, Mauricio Mejia, Maria Elena Palomo de Mejia, Camilo Minero, Ricardo Carbonell, Roberto Huezo, Miguel Angel Cerna (painter and writer, better known as MACLo), Esael Araujo, and many others. For more information on prominent citizens of El Salvador, see the list of Salvadorans.


One of the most famous dishes in El Salvador is the pupusa. Pupusas are handmade corn tortillas (made from masa de maíz or masa de arroz, a corn or rice-based dough used in Latin American cuisine) filled with one or more of the following ingredients: Cheese (usually a Salvadoran soft cheese like quesillo, similar to mozzarella), chicharrón or refried beans. Sometimes the filling is queso con loroco (cheese combined with loroco, a vine flower bud native to Central America).

Pupusas revueltas are pupusas filled with beans, cheese and pork. There are also vegetarian options. Some adventurous restaurants even offer pupusas stuffed with prawns or spinach. The name pupusa comes from the Pipil-Nahuatl word pupushahua. The exact origins of pupusa are disputed, but it is known to have existed in El Salvador before the arrival of the Spanish.

Two other typical Salvadoran dishes are yuca frita and panes con pollo. Fried yuca is a fried cassava root served with curtido (a filling of pickled cabbage, onions and carrots) and panes con pollo with pescaditas (small fried sardines). Yuca is sometimes served boiled instead of fried. Pan con pollo/pavo (chicken/turkey sandwiches) are hot turkey or chicken sandwiches. The bird is marinated, then fried with pipil spices and cut by hand. This sandwich is traditionally served with tomato and watercress as well as cucumber, onion, lettuce, mayonnaise and mustard.

One of the typical breakfasts in El Salvador is fried plantains, usually served with cream. It is common in Salvadoran restaurants and households, including those of immigrants to the United States.

Alguashte, a spice made from dried and ground pepitas, is often used in Salvadoran sweet and savoury dishes.

Maria Luisa” is a dessert that is widely eaten in El Salvador. It is a layered cake dipped in orange marmalade and sprinkled with icing sugar.

A popular drink enjoyed by Salvadorans is horchata, a drink that originated in the Valencian community in Spain. Horchata is usually made from powdered morro seeds, which are mixed with milk or water and sugar. Horchata is drunk all year round and can be consumed at any time of the day. It is usually accompanied by a plate of pupusas or fried yuca. Horchata from El Salvador has a very distinct taste and should not be confused with Mexican horchata, which is made with rice. Coffee is also a common morning drink.

Other popular drinks in El Salvador are ensalada, a drink made from sliced fruit swimming in fruit juice, and kolachampan, a sugarcane-flavoured soft drink.

One of the most popular desserts is the pastel de tres leches (three-milk cake), which is made with three types of milk: Evaporated milk, condensed milk and cream.


Salvadoran music is a mixture of indigenous pipil and Spanish influences. The music includes religious songs (mainly to celebrate Christmas and other holidays, including the days of the saints). Satirical and rural lyrical themes are common. Cuban, Colombian and Mexican music has infiltrated the country, including salsa and cumbia. El Salvador’s popular music uses marimba, tehpe’ch, flutes, drums, scrapers and calabashes, as well as guitars and other instruments imported more recently. The best known folk dance of El Salvador is the Xuc, which originated in Cojutepeque, Cuscatlan. The musical repertoire also includes danza, pasillo, marcha and canciones.


Football is the most popular sport in El Salvador. The national football team of El Salvador qualified for the FIFA World Cup in 1970 and 1982. Qualification for the 1970 tournament was marred by the football war against Honduras, whose team had defeated El Salvador.

The national football team plays in the Estadio Cuscatlán in San Salvador. It was inaugurated in 1976 and has 53,400 seats, making it the largest stadium in Central America and the Caribbean.

How To Travel To El Salvador

By air Visitors arriving by plane usually land at El Salvador's international airport in Comalapa (IATA: SAL), which is 50 km or a 45-minute drive south of the capital. Avianca is the national airline of El Salvador. Taca officially merged with Avianca Holdings in May 2013 and uses the Avianca brand...

How To Travel Around El Salvador

If you are travelling by car, there are car rental companies such as Alamo and Hertz. Buses and taxis are also a good way to get around. The distances between tourist attractions make walking an unpopular option, as does the layout of the city's streets; San Salvador is not...

Visa & Passport Requirements for El Salvador

Immigration authorities require visitors to carry their passport and one of the following documents when entering El Salvador: a visa or tourist card. Visas are issued by the consulate of El Salvador, which is accredited in countries where there are such diplomatic missions. The tourist card is usually issued...

Destinations in El Salvador

Cities in El Salvador San Salvador - national capital; department of San SalvadorAcajutlaLa LibertadPuerto Cutuco (La Union)San Francisco Gotera, Morazán DepartmentSanta AnaSan Miguel, Department of San MiguelSanta TeclaSuchitoto Other destinations in El Salvador El Pital (the highest mountain in El Salvador) and its rural life.Parque Nacional Cerro Verde (also known as Parque...

Things To See in El Salvador

El Salvador's landscape is breathtaking, with volcanoes and mountains offering "green" adventurers just what they are looking for. Many environmentally-oriented community organizations promote ecotourism, and a number of beautiful and secluded beaches and forests are scattered throughout the country. A well-maintained and almost deserted national park lies to the west,...

Things To Do in El Salvador

El Salvador has a reputation for having some of the best surfers in the world. Tourists from all over Central America are discovering the surf hotspots of La Libertad (near San Salvador), El Sunzal, El Zonte and El Cuco (near San Miguel), making El Salvador the fastest growing surf...

Food & Drinks in El Salvador

Food in El Salvador The restaurant scene in El Salvador is influenced by many different cultures. You can choose from Italian, Korean, Japanese, French, Chilean, American, Peruvian, Mexican, Spanish, Middle Eastern, German, Chinese, Argentinian and more. American fast food chains such as Burger King, McDonald's, Wendy's, KFC, Subway, Quiznos, Pizza...

Money & Shopping in El Salvador

The official currency of El Salvador is the US dollar (since 2001). Carry only 1, 5, 10 or 20 dollar notes. Most shops, supermarkets and department stores do not accept $50 or $100 notes. If you need to change your notes into smaller denominations, you can go to any...

Festivals & Holidays in El Salvador

DateNameCommentsMarch/AprilEasterCelebrated by the large Catholic population in carnival-like events in various cities.1 MayLabour DayInternational Labour Day10 MayMother's DayFrom 1 to 7 AugustAugust CarnivalA week-long festival in honour of El Salvador del Mundo, the patron saint of El Salvador.September 15Independence DayCelebration of independence from Spain, achieved in 1821.12 OctoberColumbus DayThis...

History Of El Salvador

From the pre-Columbian period to the beginning of independence El Salvador's civilisation dates back to pre-Columbian times, around 1500 BC, as evidenced by the ancient structures of Tazumal in Chalchuapa. The Spanish admiral Andrés Niño led an expedition to Central America and landed on the island of Meanguera, located in the...

Stay Safe & Healthy in El Salvador

Stay Safe in El Salvador El Salvador has a bad reputation because of the civil war in the 1980s. According to the U.S. State Department, El Salvador has one of the highest murder rates in the world. Crime is a problem largely attributed to street gangs, although statistics from official...



South America


North America

Most Popular