Sunday, August 7, 2022

History Of Dominican Republic

North AmericaDominican RepublicHistory Of Dominican Republic

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Discovered and claimed by Christopher Columbus on his first voyage on 5 December 1492, the island of Ayití, named “Hispaniola” by Columbus, became the springboard for the Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and the American continent.

The island was first inhabited by the Taínos and the Caribs. The Caribs were an Arawakan-speaking people who arrived around 10,000 BC. Within a few years of the arrival of the European explorers, the Taino population was greatly reduced by the Spanish conquerors. According to Fray Bartolomé de las Casas (Tratado de las Indias), the Spanish conquistadors killed about 100,000 Tainos between 1492 and 1498.

The first European colony founded in the Americas was located in La Isabela, Puerto Plata (19º53’15.08″ N 71º04’48.41″ W) and was founded in 1493 in 15th century style. The city of Santo Domingo was founded on 5 August 1496 by Bartolomé Colón and moved to the west bank of the Ozama River in 1502 by Frey Nicolás de Ovando.

In 1606, the Spanish crown ordered the depopulation of the western part of the island due to the extent of piracy and smuggling. This led to the French invasion and the founding of Haiti.

In 1697, Spain recognised French rule over the western third of the island, which became Haiti in 1804. The rest of the island, then called Santo Domingo, tried to gain its own independence in 1821, but was conquered and ruled by the Haitians for 22 years; it finally gained independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844.

The legacy of an unstable and generally unrepresentative regime for most of the country’s history ended in 1966 when Joaquín Balaguer was elected president for a second, non-consecutive term (he had served his first term from 1960 to 1962). He held a stranglehold on power for most of the next 30 years until international reaction to flawed elections forced him to shorten his last term, hold new elections in 1996 and relinquish power. Since then, competitive elections have been held regularly every four years.

The Dominican economy has experienced one of the fastest growth rates in the hemisphere.

How To Travel To Dominican Republic

By air The most important airports (in alphabetical order) are (AZS) Samana, also known as "El Catey", is located between the cities of Nagua and Samana on the north coast.(EPS) Samana, also known as "Aeropuerto Internacional Arroyo Barril" between Sanchez and Samaná.(JBQ) "La Isabela" airport in Santo Domingo, mainly for domestic...

How To Travel Around Dominican Republic

Options for getting around the country include buses, "gua-guas" (pronounced "gwa-gwas": small, beat-up vans or trucks that serve as shared taxis and run fixed routes very cheaply, but can also be very crowded), domestic flights and charter flights. There is a railway system that only operates in the city...

Tourism in Dominican Republic

Tourism in the Dominican Republic is an industry that generates more than 5 million arrivals every year. It is an important source of income in the country, especially in the coastal areas. The Dominican Republic is the most popular tourist destination in the Caribbean and ranks 6th in the...

Destinations in Dominican Republic

Regions in Dominican Republic Greater Santo DomingoThe cosmopolitan capital and its surrounding beachesEastern Dominican RepublicThere are the famous all-inclusive hotels of Bavaro and Punta Cana, as well as the large beach resorts of Casa de Campo and Cap Cana.East CibaoA beautiful bay often described as "paradise on earth".Western CibaoThe second...

Weather & Climate in Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is a tropical and maritime nation. Due to its varied topography, the Dominican Republic's climate varies considerably over short distances and is the most varied in the entire Caribbean. The average annual temperature is 25°C (77°F). At higher altitudes, the average temperature is 18°C, while near...

Food & Drinks in Dominican Republic

Food in the Dominican Republic is typically Caribbean, with lots of tropical fruits, rice, beans and seafood. Most meals in restaurants cost an additional 16% tax plus 10% for service: it is common to leave 10% extra for very good service. Drinks in Dominican Republic Beer: Presidente, Brahma, BohemiaRum: Brugal, Barcelo,...

Money & Shopping in Dominican Republic

One of the best places to shop in Santo Domingo's colonial quarter is Calle El Conde, an open-air shopping centre several blocks long. Here you will find everything from street vendors (eating there is not recommended) to designer clothes at extremely low prices. There are some very nice outdoor...

Festivals & Holidays in Dominican Republic

1 January: New Year6 January: Epiphany (Dia de Reyes)21 January: Our Lady of Altagracia26 January: Duarte's birthday27 February: Independence Day25 March: Good Friday (varies each year)1 May: Labour Day26 May: Corpus Christi (varies each year)28 May: Mother's Day16 August: Restaurant Day24 September: Our Lady of Mercy (Nuestra Senora de...

Traditions & Customs in Dominican Republic

Dominicans are friendly and peaceful people. Attempts to speak Spanish are a good sign of respect towards the local population. Be polite, show respect and do your best to speak the language and you will be treated with kindness. Avoid talking about Haiti. Although relations have improved, many Dominicans, especially...

Language & Phrasebook in Dominican Republic

The official language of the Dominican Republic is Spanish. You will find some bilingual Spanish-English locals, especially in Santo Domingo and the tourist areas. If you speak some Spanish, most Dominicans will do their best to meet and communicate with you. If you have a problem, you can probably...

Culture Of Dominican Republic

The culture and customs of the Dominican people have a European cultural base influenced by African and indigenous Taíno elements; culturally, the Dominican Republic is one of the most European countries in Spanish America, along with Puerto Rico, Cuba, central Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. European, African and Taino cultural elements...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Dominican Republic

Stay Safe in Dominican Republic The Dominican Republic is generally a safe country. Although the major cities of Santo Domingo and Santiago have seen the rise of an affluent middle class and a building boom, and have achieved a high level of cosmopolitanism, the Dominican Republic is still a third...

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