Friday, January 21, 2022

History Of Belize

North AmericaBelizeHistory Of Belize

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Like the neighbouring regions of Guatemala and Mexico, this area was inhabited for thousands of years by the Mayan people. They are still here, an important part of the people and culture of Belize. Although the Spanish Empire claimed the area in the 16th century, the Spanish made little progress in settling it. The British initially settled on the coast and offshore islands for timber. In 1798, British troops in Belize defeated the Spanish who tried to drive them out in the Battle of St. George’s Caye, the anniversary of which is still celebrated on 10 September.

The British colony of Honduras came into being in the 19th century. Initially, Africans were brought here as slaves, but slavery was abolished in 1838. Many refugees from the Yucatán Caste War of the 19th century fled the conflict and settled in Belize, especially in the northern part.

The government of Guatemala has long claimed to have inherited the original 15th century Spanish claim to Belize. Although the British were ready to grant independence to British Honduras as early as the mid-1960s, this ongoing dispute played a major role in delaying full independence for Belize until 1981, long after London had granted independence to other former colonies in the region. Guatemala refused to recognise an independent Belize until 1991 and to this day claims almost all Belizean territory south of Belize City. The issue remains sensitive, especially in the southern half of Belize.

Belize escaped the bloody civil wars of the 1980s that engulfed much of Central America, and refugees from the Guatemalan conflict arrived, settling mainly in the west. Although Belize is not immune to the drug-related crime and extreme poverty of its neighbours, it is a relatively safe destination in a conflict-ridden part of the world. Belize has particularly close diplomatic and economic ties with the UK and the US.

Tourism has become the mainstay of the economy, while the former agricultural products – sugar, bananas and oranges – have lost importance. The country continues to be plagued by high unemployment, increasing involvement in the South American drug trade and rising urban crime. In 2006, commercial quantities of oil were discovered in the Spanish Lookout region.

How To Travel To Belize

By airPhilip S. W. Goldson International Airport (IATA: BZE) is located in Ladyville, northwest of Belize City (about a 30-minute drive). It receives direct international flights from Atlanta, Charlotte, Newark, Miami, Dallas, Houston, Flores, San Salvador, Roatan and San Pedro Sula.By carFrom Mexico via Chetumal, or on a much...

How To Travel Around Belize

Belize is a relatively small country and transport between most destinations is rarely long or arduous.By airTropic Air and Maya Island Air both offer several daily flights to various cities in the country, as well as to Ambergris Caye and Caye Caulker. They serve both airports in Belize City,...

Destinations in Belize

Regions in BelizeNorthern BelizeThe Corozal (coastal) and Orange Walk (inland) districts.The Belize DistrictThis is where the largest city, airport and a number of popular offshore islands are locatedCayoThis central district is bursting with adventure and filled with jungle, caves, rivers, Mayan ruins and much more.Stann CreekCoastal area south of...

Weather & Climate in Belize

Belize has a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons, although there is considerable variation in weather patterns depending on the region. Temperatures vary with altitude, proximity to the coast and the moderating effects of the northeastern Caribbean trade winds. Average temperatures in coastal areas range from 24°C...

Traditions & Customs in Belize

Belizeans are some of the most relaxed people in the world, especially if you venture inland, away from the tourist islands of Ambergris Caye and Caye Caulker. The pace of life is generally slower in Belize, so it is advisable to start any social interaction, even if you are...

Money & Shopping in Belize

The currency of Belize is the dollar (BZD), divided into 100 cents.The Belizean dollar - sometimes written as "B$" or simply as the dollar sign "$" - has been officially pegged to the US dollar (USD) at a ratio of 2:1 since 1978 (e.g. 2 BZ$ = 1 USD)....

Food & Drinks in Belize

Food in BelizeThe main meal, which can be found almost everywhere, consists of red beans, clean rice and chicken.Most chicken in the country is prepared and served with the bone.Rice and beans is a mixed dish with some spices and usually coconut milk added to make it a sweet...

Things To Do in Belize

Tyrolean crossingFly over the Belizean rainforest on a zip-line tour. These tours usually start with a short hike to the first base, where an instruction on the safe use of the equipment takes place.Prices range from $65 to $100 and the tours are organised by two companies, Jaguar Paw...

Festivals & Holidays in Belize

DateDayCompliance1 JanuaryNew Year's Day9 MarchBaron Bliss Day (oder National Heroes and Benefactors Day)MondayBaron Bliss DayFridayGood FridaySaturdayHoly SaturdaySundayEasterMondayEaster Monday1 MayLabour DayMondayLabour Day24 MayCommonwealth Day (or Sovereign's Day)MondayCommonwealth Day10 SeptemberSaint George's Caye Day (or National Day)21 SeptemberIndependence DayMondayIndependence DayMondayDay of the Americas12 OctoberAmerica Day (or Columbus Day)November 19Garifuna Settlement Day25 DecemberChristmas...

Language & Phrasebook in Belize

As a former British colony, the official language of Belize is Standard English with British spelling rules, which distinguishes Belize from its Spanish-speaking neighbours.Spanish, Garifuna (Carib) and the Mayan languages/dialects Kekchi, Mopan and Yucatec are spoken in different parts of the country. In the north and west of the...

Internet & Communications in Belize

Phone boxes are the most common public telephones and accept pre-purchased phone cards.Internet cafés exist in larger tourist areas, but are not common in rural areas.Previously, the government did not allow Skype and forced tourists to use their own public phone company to call out of the country. In...

Culture Of Belize

In Belizean folklore there are the legends of Lang Bobi Suzi, La Llorona, La Sucia, Luguchu Ellis, Tata Duende, Chatona, X'tabai, Anansi, and the Cadejo.Most holidays in Belize are traditional Commonwealth and Christian holidays, although some are specific to Belizean culture, such as Garifuna Settlement Day and Baron Bliss...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Belize

Stay Safe in BelizeBelize City is the most dangerous area in Belize, although it is very easy to be safe. Stay in the tourist area that stretches north of the marina to the southern extension east of the main channel. There are many khaki tourist police officers patrolling the...

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