Friday, January 28, 2022

History Of Barbados

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Barbados has experienced several waves of human settlement. The first wave was the group of Saladoid Barrancoids, farmers, fishermen and ceramists who arrived by canoe from the Orinoco Valley in Venezuela around 350 AD. The Arawaks, who arrived from South America around 800, formed the second wave. Arawak settlements on the island include Stroud Point, Chandler Bay, Saint Luke’s Gully and Mapp’s Cave. According to reports from descendants of native Arawak tribes from other local islands, the original name of Barbados was Ichirouganaim. In the 13th century, in a third wave, the Caribs arrived from South America, displacing the Arawaks and Salodoid Barrancoids. For the next few centuries they lived in isolation on the island.

The name “Barbados” comes from a Portuguese explorer named Pedro Campos, who in 1536 called the island “Los Barbados” (“the bearded ones”) because of the appearance of the island’s fig trees, whose long, hanging aerial roots resembled beards. Between Campos’ sighting in 1536 and 1550, the Spanish conquerors captured many Caribs on Barbados and used them as slaves on the plantations. The rest fled the island to settle elsewhere.

Barbados was settled by the British in 1627. After several failures to harvest cotton, sugar cane was introduced and the colony established itself as a profitable plantation economy. African slaves were the main labour force on these plantations until 1834, when they gained their freedom after several years of rebellion, supported by the growing pressure of the anti-slavery movement in Britain.

The economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum and molasses production for most of the 20th century. Although the chains were removed, many of the oppressive working conditions of slavery remained on the island until the 1930s, when the educated black middle class fought for universal adult suffrage and took control of the local administration of the country away from the local aristocracy of British descent. In the 1940s and 1950s, the country began a process of social and political reform that culminated in full independence from Britain in 1966. By the 1980s, tourism and manufacturing had overtaken the sugar industry in economic importance. Barbados has developed into a stable democracy with one of the highest literacy rates in the Western Hemisphere.

The locals refer to themselves as Bajans and the Barbadian things as Bajan.

How To Travel To Barbados

By airSir Grantley Adams International Airport (IATA: BGI) is a major international airport for the size of Barbados, offering dozens of flights in high season from the UK and Canada, as well as the US. British Airways and Virgin Atlantic have numerous flights to Barbados, while American Airlines is...

How To Travel Around Barbados

Driving is on the left-hand side. The bus system is extensive, cheap and fast if you are travelling anywhere on the main route, but a car (or mini-mobile) is the only way to see many of the more remote sights. Many drivers will book you a bus when they...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Barbados

Citizens of the following countries do not require a visa to enter Barbados: Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia,...

Destinations in Barbados

Regions in BarbadosThere are eleven parishes on the island of Barbados, which can be usefully divided into four regions:BridgetownThe capital of Barbados and its surroundings in the parish of Saint Michael.East Central BarbadosThe parishes of Saint Andrew, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Joseph and Saint Thomas. The east coast...

Weather & Climate in Barbados

The country generally experiences two seasons, one of which contains significantly more rainfall. This period is known as the "rainy season" and lasts from June to November. In contrast, the "dry season" lasts from December to May. Annual rainfall ranges from 1,000 to 2,300 mm (40 to 90 inches)....

Accommodation & Hotels in Barbados

Barbados offers everything from cheap bed and breakfast guesthouses starting at less than $40 per day for a single person in summer to luxury accommodation in some of the world's best hotels for $1,600 in high season.Flats and flat hotels in Barbados offer the comfort of a hotel room...

Things To See in Barbados

The west coast has many luxury resorts, and it and the inland highlands have many historic sites with scenic views.Botanical Garden. Inside is a beautiful botanical garden with more information about wildlife than most similar places in the world.Cricket, Kensington Oval, Bridgetown. Check if there is a match to...

Things To Do in Barbados

World-class water sports, including surfing at the Soup Bowl on the east coast and various breaks along the west coast when the swell is strong. The south coast offers great waves and a spot on the World Windsurfing Championship at Silver Sands.Drive inland and visit various plantation houses where...

Food & Drinks in Barbados

Food in BarbadosThe flying fish, the symbol of the islands, can be seen on coins, banknotes and menus. The flying fish is usually served lightly breaded and fried, with a yellow sauce. Be aware that this yellow sauce is made from very hot scotch bonnet peppers and onions in...

Money & Shopping in Barbados

The national currency is the Bajan dollar, but US dollars are accepted in almost all shops and restaurants. The exchange rate is fixed at 2 Bajan dollars for one US dollar. Remember that hotel money changers may insist on charging an additional percentage for the exchange (usually 5%).There are...

Festivals & Holidays in Barbados

DateEnglish nameComments1 JanuaryNew Year's Day21 JanuaryErrol Barrow DayA day of tribute to Errol Barrow, the Father of the Nation.2 AprilGood FridayFriday, the date varies5 AprilEaster MondayMonday, the date varies28 AprilNational Heroes' Day1 MayLabour Day1st Monday in May, date variesWhit MondayMonday, the date varies1 AugustEmancipation DayDate on which slavery was...

Language & Phrasebook in Barbados

The official language of Barbados is English. Bajan (sometimes called Barbadian Creole or Barbadian dialect) is a creole language based on Irish and English spoken by the locals. Bajan uses a mixture of West African idioms and expressions, such as Igbo, as well as British English and Irish to...

Traditions & Customs in Barbados

Despite or perhaps because of the tropical climate, Bajans tend to dress conservatively when they are not at the beach. A bikini is not welcome in town and certainly not in church.Bajans are particularly sensitive to good manners and saying "hello" to people, even strangers, earns their respect.If you...

Culture Of Barbados

Barbados has produced several great cricketers, including Sir Garfield Sobers and Sir Frank Worrell.The citizens are officially called Barbadians. The term "Bajan" (pronounced BAY-jun) may be derived from a local pronunciation of the word "Barbadian", which sometimes sounds like "Bar-bajan".The biggest carnival cultural event on the island is the...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Barbados

Stay Safe in BarbadosAlthough it is generally a safe place to travel, crime has increased. Tourists should avoid certain high-risk activities, such as walking on secluded beaches, by day and by night, walking in unfamiliar residential areas or walking in remote areas away from main roads. Tourists, especially women,...

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