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Destinations in United Kingdom

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Regions in United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a union composed of the following original nations and territories:

  • England
    The most important component, both in terms of size and by far the largest component in terms of population. A ‘green and pleasant land’, England nevertheless has some of the most exciting and inspiring cities in the world, co-existing with ‘Merrie England’ of rolling countryside, leafy villages and traditional entertainment.
  • Scotland
    The second largest nation of origin occupies the northern third of the UK. Bagpipes, kilts and haggis may spring to mind, but the contrast between the isolated beauty of the islands, the cosmopolitan character of the Lowlands and the lonely vistas of the truly wild Highlands shows Scotland beyond the cliché.
  • Wales
    This hilly western peninsula of Britain is home to an ancient Celtic language and culture, spectacular landscapes of mountains, valleys and coastline, a unique industrial heritage and some of the most impressive defensive castles in Europe.
  • Northern Ireland
    Lies in the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, comprising six of the nine counties of the Irish province of Ulster. Although off the traditional tourist trail, Northern Ireland offers a colourful history, outstanding natural beauty, rapidly developing towns and friendly people.

Dependencies on the Crown

  • Channel Islands (Guernsey, Jersey)
    Technically not part of the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands consist of four small islands off the French coast.
  • The Isle of Man
    Technically not part of the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man is a small island located between the United Kingdom and Ireland in the Irish Sea.

The UK also undertakes the diplomatic representation and defence of a number of overseas territories, including Gibraltar, Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, the Falkland Islands, Montserrat, St Helena, Ascension Island, Tristan da Cunha, the Pitcairn Islands and the Turks and Caicos Islands. As most of these islands have their own immigration rules and the climate and travel options are very different from those in the UK, they are covered in separate articles.

Cities in United Kingdom

Many places and towns in the UK are of interest to travellers. Below you will find a selection of nine of them, the others are arranged by region:

  • London – the capital of the United Kingdom is one of the most influential cities in the world. It is home to most of the UK’s major tourist attractions and London’s monuments are instantly recognisable around the world as symbols of Britain.
  • Belfast – the capital of Northern Ireland is experiencing an urban renaissance and is fast becoming a popular tourist destination, partly because of its reputation as a little-known city, but also because it reflects the uniqueness of the city and its people.
  • Birmingham – Formerly known as the ‘workshop of the world’, the UK’s second largest city still has a strong industrial heritage, as well as department stores and the famous Balti cuisine, a product of modern British multiculturalism.
  • Bristol – a historic city known for its colourful Georgian architecture, impressive Victorian engineering monuments and nautical heritage. Today, Bristol is also known for its trip-hop music and gastronomic culture.
  • Cardiff – the capital of Wales is as proud of its coal mining past as it is of its rugby fan base. Visit the best museums in Cymru, stay in Doctor Who and the highly acclaimed regeneration of Cardiff Bay.
  • Edinburgh – capital of Scotland and the second most visited city in the UK. In August it hosts the world’s largest arts festival; all year round visitors can enjoy Edinburgh’s illustrious history, breathtaking views and quintessentially Scottish traditions.
  • Glasgow – Scotland’s largest city where you can go shopping and see better architecture. Glasgow’s former status as European Capital of Culture points to the strength of its creative arts scene and the beauty of its parks and gardens.
  • Liverpool – the city of the Beatles and famous for its domination of music, sport and nightlife, there is no place like Liverpool. For more than two centuries, the city was the largest port in the world and played an unfortunate role in the transatlantic slave trade, a fact not forgotten in its excellent art galleries and museums.
  • Manchester – the archetype of the “City of the North”, transformed from a textile town to a modern metropolis. Highlights of the city include a thriving bohemian music scene, the Gay Village and the world’s only festival of new labour art.

Other destinations in United Kingdom

  • Giant’s Causeway – 40,000 basalt rocks rise dramatically from the sea at the only UNESCO site in Northern Ireland
  • The Gower Peninsula – a picturesque corner of south-west Wales, perfect for relaxing walks along the coast.
  • Hadrian’s Wall – The Great Wall of Britain once defended Rome against the hordes of the Picts
  • The Isle of Arran – “Scotland en miniature”, with its mountains, sea, beaches, forests and geologically diverse landscape.
  • Lake District National Park – Wordsworth Country is home to the highest mountains and largest lakes in England.
  • Loch Ness – The most famous hole in the world certainly houses nothing unusual – or does it?
  • Peak District National Park – Britain’s first and most visited national park, loved by millions for its beauty and accessibility
  • Snowdonia National Park – Wales’ answer to the Alps is Britain’s place for extreme outdoor activities
  • Stonehenge – these 4,500-year-old stones still puzzle archaeologists, inspire believers and enchant visitors of all kinds.

How To Travel To United Kingdom

By plane There are direct international flights to many cities other than just the airports whose name includes "London". Recently, many airports in the south of England have added "London" to their names. Be aware that just because an airport has "London" in its name, this does not mean that...

How To Travel Around United Kingdom

Plan your trip With public transport Traveline, +44 871 2002-233 (calls cost £0.12/min from the UK). Traveline provides an online travel planning service for all public transport in the UK, excluding air travel. They also have separate planners for specific regions. You can also download their free apps for iPhone and...

Visa & Passport Requirements for United Kingdom

England is connected to France by the Channel Tunnel. Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. UK, does not fully implement the Schengen Agreement, which means that travel to and from other EU countries (except Ireland) requires systematic checks of passports/ID cards at the border and...

Weather & Climate in United Kingdom

The UK has a mild, humid temperate climate, tempered by the North Atlantic Current and the proximity of the sea. The hot, humid summers and mild winters offer temperatures pleasant enough to enjoy outdoor activities all year round. However, the weather in the UK can be changeable and conditions...

Accommodation & Hotels in United Kingdom

The UK offers a wide range of hotels, rated on a star scale from 5-star luxury (and beyond!) to basic 1-star. There are also a large number of private B&Bs (short for "B&B") offering rooms with usually a fried "full English breakfast". You can also rent a private house...

Things To See in United Kingdom

From Land's End in the south to John O'Groats in the north, there is so much to see in the UK. There are hundreds of free museums across the country, thousands of urban parks to browse, tens of thousands of interesting communities to visit and millions of acres of...

Things To Do in United Kingdom

Although most visitors will visit London at some point, it's worth getting out of the capital to get a real insight into the country and it's important not to forget the diversity that can be found within a radius of just 50 miles. Whether you are looking for the countryside,...

Food & Drinks in United Kingdom

Food in United Kingdom Despite its unjustly negative reputation, British food is in fact very good and has improved greatly in recent decades, and many Britons are proud of their national dishes. Mid-range and upmarket restaurants and supermarkets are still of a high standard and the choice of international dishes...

Money & Shopping in United Kingdom

Money The currency used throughout the United Kingdom is the pound (£) (more correctly called sterling to distinguish it from the Syrian or Egyptian pound, but it is not used in common parlance), divided into 100 pence (singular penny) (p). The coins appear in 1p (small copper), 2p (large copper), 5p...

Festivals & Holidays in United Kingdom

Public holidays Every country (and sometimes some cities, like Glasgow and Edinburgh) in the UK has a number of (slightly different) public holidays when the majority of people are not working. Shops, pubs, restaurants and the like are usually open. Many UK residents use these holidays to travel, both within...

Traditions & Customs in United Kingdom

In most social situations it is acceptable to address a person by their first name. First names are sometimes avoided among strangers in order not to appear too familiar. In very formal or professional situations, first names are usually not used until people get to know each other better....

Internet & Communications in United Kingdom

Phone In an emergency, dial 999 or 112 from any phone. These calls are free of charge and are answered by an emergency service worker who will ask you what service(s) you need (police, fire, ambulance, coastguard or mountain rescue) and where you are. You can also call 999 or 112 from...

Language & Phrasebook in United Kingdom

English English is spoken throughout the UK, although there are parts of major cities where a variety of languages are also spoken due to immigration. English spoken in the UK has many accents and dialects, some of which may include words unknown to other English speakers. It is quite common...

Culture Of United Kingdom

The culture of the United Kingdom has been influenced by many factors, including: the country's insularity, its history as a Western liberal democracy and great power, and the fact that it is a political union of four countries, each of which has retained different elements of tradition, custom and...

History Of United Kingdom

Britain, the largest island of the British Isles, has been inhabited since at least the last Ice Age, more than 10,000 years ago. Ireland is thought to have been settled by modern humans around the same time, or perhaps a little later. Although little is known about the inhabitants...

Stay Safe & Healthy in United Kingdom

Stay safe in United Kingdom In general, the UK is a safe country to travel to; you won't make many mistakes if you follow the general advice and tips for Europe. In an emergency, call 999 or 112 (free from any phone, including mobile phones) and ask for an ambulance, fire...

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