İzmir is a metropolitan city in western Anatolia and Turkey’s third most populous city, after Istanbul and Ankara. It is one of Turkey’s most westernized cities. The metropolitan area of zmir stretches along the Gulf of İzmir’s outer waters and inland to the north over the delta of the Gediz River, to the east along an alluvial plain formed by many minor streams, and to a little more mountainous terrain in the south. The ancient city was known as Smyrna, and the city was often referred to as Smyrna in English until 1928, when the Turkish adoption of the Latin alphabet made “İzmir” the globally recognized name.
İzmir is divided into numerous metropolitan areas. Konak district corresponds to ancient zmir, with this district’s territory being the “İzmir Municipality” (Turkish: İzmir Belediyesi) until 1984. With the establishment of the “Greater İzmir Metropolitan Municipality” (Turkish: İzmir Büyükşehir Belediyesi), the city of İzmir grouped together initially nine, and more recently eleven, metropolitan districts, namely Balçova,Bayraklı, Bornova, Buca, Çiğli,Gaziemir, Güzelbahçe, Karabağlar,Karşıyaka, Konak and Narlıdere. In a continuing process, the Mayor of İzmir was also given authority over additional districts stretching from Bergama in the north to Selçuk in the south, bringing the total number of districts considered to be part of İzmir to twenty-one, with two of these only partially administratively included in İzmir.
In 2014, the population of İzmir was 2,847,691, with a total population of 4,113,072 in İzmir Province.