Monday, June 27, 2022

Destinations in Turkey

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Regions in Turkey

  • Aegean Turkey
    Greek and Roman ruins between the azure sea on one side and silvery olive groves on the other
  • Black Sea Turkey
    Heavily forested mountains that offer great outdoor sports like trekking and rafting
  • Central Anatolia
    Tree-poor central steppes with the national capital, Hittite and Phrygian ruins and the moon-like Cappadocia.
  • Eastern Anatolia
    High and mountainous eastern part with harsh winters
  • Marmara Region
    The most urbanised region with Byzantine and Ottoman monuments in some of the country’s largest cities.
  • Mediterranean Turkey
    Mountains covered with pine forests rising to the right of the highly indented coastline of the crystal clear sea
  • Southeast Anatolia
    Semi-desert Easternmost part of the country

Cities in Turkey

  • Ankara – the capital of Turkey and its second largest city
  • Antalya – the fastest growing city, hub of a number of seaside resorts
  • Bodrum – a trendy coastal town on the southern Aegean Sea that is becoming a popular seasonal playground for Turkish and international holidaymakers, with a citadel, Roman ruins, trendy clubs and a series of villages surrounding the peninsula, each with a different character, from chic to rustic.
  • Edirne – the second capital of the Ottoman Empire
  • Istanbul – the largest city in Turkey, former capital of the Ottoman and Byzantine Empires and the only major city in the world to straddle two continents.
  • Izmir – Turkey’s third largest city and the centre of a number of seaside resorts
  • Konya – a rather large city that is the heart of the mystical Sufi order, the site of Rumi’s tomb, and with elegant Seljuk architecture, all surrounded by vast steppes.
  • Trabzon – the wonderful Sumela Monastery is located just outside the city and is a great base for exploring north-eastern Turkey.
  • Urfa – a city with beautiful architecture and extremely hospitable inhabitants at the gateway to the Eastern world; where Kurdish, Arab and Persian cultures mix.

Other destinations in Turkey

  • Ani – impressive ruins of the medieval Armenian capital in the far east of the country; known as the City of a Thousand Churches
  • Cappadocia – a region in the central highlands known for its unique moonscapes (the “fairy chimneys”), underground cities, rock churches and houses carved out of rock
  • Ephesus – well-preserved ruins of the Roman city on the west coast
  • Gallipoli – site of the Anzac landing in 1915 and many monuments of the First World War
  • Mount Nemrut – a UNESCO World Heritage Site with head statues dedicated to the ancient gods on the summit.
  • Ölüdeniz – incomparable postcard beauty of the “Blue Lagoon”, perhaps the most famous beach in Turkey that you will see on every tourist brochure
  • Pamukkale – “the cotton castle”, a white world of travertines surrounding shallow cascading pools filled with thermal water
  • Sümela – beautiful monastery on the cliffs of a mountain, a must for every trip to the north-east coast
  • Uludağ – a national park with textbook belts of different forest types that vary according to altitude, and the country’s most important winter sports resort

How To Travel To Turkey

By plane Turkey's main international airport is Istanbul Atatürk International Airport. Ankara Esenboğa Airport offers a relatively limited range of international flights. In the high summer and winter seasons, there are also direct charter flights to Mediterranean resorts such as Antalya. In 2005, customs at Istanbul International Airport was reorganised...

How To Travel Around Turkey

By plane Larger cities are also served by airlines, at reasonable prices, which beats the experience of travelling by bus, especially for long distances. Tickets can be easily purchased at the domestic terminal in Istanbul and at the local counters of Turkish Airlines, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines and Atlasjet, among...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Turkey

Turkey is one of only three countries in the Middle East that tolerate Israeli citizens in their country. Thus, entry into Turkey is not a problem for holders of an Israeli passport. Visa Citizens of the countries listed below can enter Turkey without a visa for 90 days, unless otherwise stated:...

Weather & Climate in Turkey

The climate in Turkey is very diverse, depending on the different topography and latitude. The coastal areas of the Aegean and Mediterranean enjoy the typical Mediterranean climate. During the sunny and hot summer (May to October) there is hardly a drop of rain. The winters in these regions are mild...

Accommodation & Hotels in Turkey

Accommodation in Turkey ranges from 5-star hotels to simple tents set on a large plateau. Therefore, the prices also vary enormously. Hotels There are 5-star hotels in all major cities and tourist resorts, many of which belong to international hotel chains such as Hilton, Sheraton, Ritz-Carlton, Conrad, to name a few....

Things To See in Turkey

As a general rule, most museums and sites in Turkey's ancient cities are closed on Mondays, although there are many exceptions to this rule. Ancient ruins and architectural heritage At the crossroads of civilisations, there are an impressive number of ancient ruins in all regions of Turkey. The Hittites, the first indigenous...

Things To Do in Turkey

While Turkey is rightly known for its warm Mediterranean beaches, winter sports, especially skiing, are possible - and even popular - in the mountainous interior between October and April, with a stable snow cover and constant below-freezing temperatures guaranteed between December and March. Some ski resorts further east have...

Food & Drinks in Turkey

Food in Turkey Turkish cuisine combines Mediterranean, Central Asian, Caucasian and Arab influences and is extremely rich. Beef is the most important (lamb is also common, but pork is very hard to find, although it is not illegal), and aubergines (aubergine), onions, lentils, beans, tomatoes, garlic and cucumbers are the...

Money & Shopping in Turkey

Money In 2005, Turkey lost six zeros in its currency, so that each lira after 2005 is worth one million lira before 2005 (or "old lira"). During the transition period between 2005 and 2009, the currency was briefly officially called the new lira (yeni lira). Since 1 January 2009, a...

Festivals & Holidays in Turkey

The informed traveler should bear in mind that when traveling to, within, or around Turkey, multiple holidays must be observed as travel delays, traffic congestion, accommodation reservations, and crowded meeting facilities may occur. Banks, offices, and shops are closed on official holidays and traffic increases on all subsequent holidays,...

Traditions & Customs in Turkey

Things to do Turks are a very friendly, polite and hospitable people, sometimes to excess. If you are invited to a Turkish home, be sure to bring a gift. Anything is fine, from flowers to chocolates to something representative of your country (but no wine or other alcoholic beverages if you...

Internet & Communications in Turkey

Dial 112 for an ambulance to arrive anywhere, from any phone, free of charge. In case of fire, dial 110; for the police, dial 155. In rural areas, however, there is no police coverage, so dial 156 for the gendarmerie, a military unit for rural security. All these numbers...

Language & Phrasebook in Turkey

The only official language of Turkey is Turkish. Turkish is an Altaic language and its closest living relatives are other Turkic languages spoken in Southwest, Central and North Asia; and to a lesser extent by large communities in the Balkans. Since Turkish is an agglutinative language, native speakers of...

Culture Of Turkey

Turkey has a very diverse culture, which is a mixture of various elements of Turkish, Anatolian, Ottoman (which was itself a continuation of Greco-Roman and Islamic culture) and Western culture and traditions, which began with the westernisation of the Ottoman Empire and continues to this day. This intermingling came...

History Of Turkey

Prehistory of Anatolia and Eastern Thrace Some of the barrows at Göbekli Tepe were built as early as 12,000 BC, almost ten thousand years before those at Stonehenge in England. The Anatolian peninsula, which comprises most of present-day Turkey, is one of the oldest permanently settled areas in the world. Various...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Turkey

Stay Safe in Turkey Dial 155 for the police from any toll-free phone. However, in rural areas there is no police coverage, so in such areas dial the Jandarma (military police), a military unit for rural security. Turkey's big cities, especially Istanbul, are not immune to petty crime. Although petty crime...

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