Saturday, October 16, 2021

Turkey

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Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye) is a Mediterranean country located in West Asia’s Anatolian area, with a tiny portion in Southeastern Europe. It is divided from Asia by the Turkish Straits (Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles). Turkey is bounded on the north by the Black Sea, on the west by the Aegean Sea, and on the southwest by the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered on the west by Bulgaria and Greece, on the northeast by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, and on the southeast by Syria, Iraq, and Iran. While the majority of the nation is physically located in Asia, the majority of Turkish people believe themselves to be Europeans.

Turkey offers travelers a plethora of destination options: from Istanbul’s dome-and-minaret-filled skyline to Roman ruins along the western and southern coasts, from Lycia’s heavily indented coastline against a mountainous backdrop to Pamphylia’s wide and sunny beaches, to the East’s cold and snowy mountains, from Bodrum’s crazy “foam parties” to Middle Eastern-flavored cities.

Turkey | Introduction

Turkey (in Turkish: Türkiye) is located on the Mediterranean Sea, in the Anatolia region of western Asia, with a small section in south-eastern Europe separated from Asia by the straits of Turkey (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara and Dardanelles). With the Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea to...

How To Travel To Turkey

By plane Turkey's main international airport is Istanbul Atatürk International Airport. Ankara Esenboğa Airport offers a relatively limited range of international flights. In the high summer and winter seasons, there are also direct charter flights to Mediterranean resorts such as Antalya. In 2005, customs at Istanbul International Airport was reorganised...

How To Travel Around Turkey

By plane Larger cities are also served by airlines, at reasonable prices, which beats the experience of travelling by bus, especially for long distances. Tickets can be easily purchased at the domestic terminal in Istanbul and at the local counters of Turkish Airlines, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines and Atlasjet, among...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Turkey

Turkey is one of only three countries in the Middle East that tolerate Israeli citizens in their country. Thus, entry into Turkey is not a problem for holders of an Israeli passport. Visa Citizens of the countries listed below can enter Turkey without a visa for 90 days, unless otherwise stated:...

Destinations in Turkey

Regions in Turkey Aegean TurkeyGreek and Roman ruins between the azure sea on one side and silvery olive groves on the other Black Sea TurkeyHeavily forested mountains that offer great outdoor sports like trekking and rafting Central AnatoliaTree-poor central steppes with the national capital, Hittite and Phrygian ruins and the moon-like Cappadocia. Eastern...

Weather & Climate in Turkey

The climate in Turkey is very diverse, depending on the different topography and latitude. The coastal areas of the Aegean and Mediterranean enjoy the typical Mediterranean climate. During the sunny and hot summer (May to October) there is hardly a drop of rain. The winters in these regions are mild...

Accommodation & Hotels in Turkey

Accommodation in Turkey ranges from 5-star hotels to simple tents set on a large plateau. Therefore, the prices also vary enormously. Hotels There are 5-star hotels in all major cities and tourist resorts, many of which belong to international hotel chains such as Hilton, Sheraton, Ritz-Carlton, Conrad, to name a few....

Things To See in Turkey

As a general rule, most museums and sites in Turkey's ancient cities are closed on Mondays, although there are many exceptions to this rule. Ancient ruins and architectural heritage At the crossroads of civilisations, there are an impressive number of ancient ruins in all regions of Turkey. The Hittites, the first indigenous...

Things To Do in Turkey

While Turkey is rightly known for its warm Mediterranean beaches, winter sports, especially skiing, are possible - and even popular - in the mountainous interior between October and April, with a stable snow cover and constant below-freezing temperatures guaranteed between December and March. Some ski resorts further east have...

Food & Drinks in Turkey

Food in Turkey Turkish cuisine combines Mediterranean, Central Asian, Caucasian and Arab influences and is extremely rich. Beef is the most important (lamb is also common, but pork is very hard to find, although it is not illegal), and aubergines (aubergine), onions, lentils, beans, tomatoes, garlic and cucumbers are the...

Money & Shopping in Turkey

Money In 2005, Turkey lost six zeros in its currency, so that each lira after 2005 is worth one million lira before 2005 (or "old lira"). During the transition period between 2005 and 2009, the currency was briefly officially called the new lira (yeni lira). Since 1 January 2009, a...

Festivals & Holidays in Turkey

The informed traveler should bear in mind that when traveling to, within, or around Turkey, multiple holidays must be observed as travel delays, traffic congestion, accommodation reservations, and crowded meeting facilities may occur. Banks, offices, and shops are closed on official holidays and traffic increases on all subsequent holidays,...

Traditions & Customs in Turkey

Things to do Turks are a very friendly, polite and hospitable people, sometimes to excess. If you are invited to a Turkish home, be sure to bring a gift. Anything is fine, from flowers to chocolates to something representative of your country (but no wine or other alcoholic beverages if you...

Internet & Communications in Turkey

Dial 112 for an ambulance to arrive anywhere, from any phone, free of charge. In case of fire, dial 110; for the police, dial 155. In rural areas, however, there is no police coverage, so dial 156 for the gendarmerie, a military unit for rural security. All these numbers...

Language & Phrasebook in Turkey

The only official language of Turkey is Turkish. Turkish is an Altaic language and its closest living relatives are other Turkic languages spoken in Southwest, Central and North Asia; and to a lesser extent by large communities in the Balkans. Since Turkish is an agglutinative language, native speakers of...

Culture Of Turkey

Turkey has a very diverse culture, which is a mixture of various elements of Turkish, Anatolian, Ottoman (which was itself a continuation of Greco-Roman and Islamic culture) and Western culture and traditions, which began with the westernisation of the Ottoman Empire and continues to this day. This intermingling came...

History Of Turkey

Prehistory of Anatolia and Eastern Thrace Some of the barrows at Göbekli Tepe were built as early as 12,000 BC, almost ten thousand years before those at Stonehenge in England. The Anatolian peninsula, which comprises most of present-day Turkey, is one of the oldest permanently settled areas in the world. Various...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Turkey

Stay Safe in Turkey Dial 155 for the police from any toll-free phone. However, in rural areas there is no police coverage, so in such areas dial the Jandarma (military police), a military unit for rural security. Turkey's big cities, especially Istanbul, are not immune to petty crime. Although petty crime...

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