The ancient right to access (allemansrätten) gives everyone the freedom to freely travel in nature on foot, swimming, horseback, ski, bicycle, or boat, even on others’ private land – but not via private yards. With the right comes the responsibility to protect people’s privacy and the purity of nature. It is critical to understand the constraints.
Domestic flights are mostly used by those who have more money than time, as well as to cover the enormous distances of Norrland. There are low-cost tickets available, but they must be purchased well in advance.
The following are the most significant domestic airlines:
- SAS – The international airline, as well as the flag carrier, has a large number of domestic routes.
- Blekinge Flyg – Blekinge Airport is Sweden’s most south-east airport and the only one in the county.
- Nextjet – offers numerous domestic services to smaller towns, and has taken over certain Skyways routes
- Direktflyg – Several domestic routes are available, as well as flights to Norway.
- Norwegian – a number of local and international destinations
- Malmö Aviation – covers domestic destinations, as well as Brussels and Nice
- Gotlandsflyg – links Stockholm with the Swedish island of Gotland
Sweden has a well-developed railway network. SJ, a government-owned corporation, operates the majority of long-distance lines. To purchase a train ticket or for further information, call +46 771 75 75 75 or visit their website. Because point-to-point tickets are rather costly, an InterRail (for European nationals) or Eurail (for non-European citizens) pass may be helpful for additional train trips in Sweden.
For multiple-leg travel, the national public transportation providers offer an alliance service called Resplus.
Each county usually has one carrier for regional public transportation. For example, while traveling regionally in the province of Scania (Skne in Swedish), use Skånetrafiken. Trafik i Mälardalen is a cooperative website that lists all rail and bus companies in the area of Mälardalen. Many of Sweden’s main cities, including Stockholm, Uppsala, Västers, Linköping, Norrköping, Rebro, and Eskilstuna, are part of this regional traffic cooperation, which serves over three million people.
Swebus and gobybus operate a number of bus routes in the country’s southern third, Götaland and Svealand. If you can’t take advantage of SJ’s young discounts, they’re usually less expensive than using the train. Between Stockholm and Norrland, Y-buss, tapanis, and Härjedalingen operate.
Swebus also travels to Oslo from Stockholm and Göteborg. Buses are an excellent way to travel small distances from town to town at the county or län level since they are more frequent and less expensive than trains. For routes and timetables, it is advisable to contact the local transportation authority.
The counties’ public-transportation corporations run city buses.
If you want to use city buses, find out how to get tickets in your area. In several Swedish cities, city bus tickets cannot be purchased on the bus. In this situation, no cash, bank cards, or credit cards are accepted. Instead, you’ll need an electronic bus card, which is unique to each area and must occasionally be loaded with a minimum amount of money, usually 100 SEK. This bus card is sometimes only available at specialized ticket offices and not on the bus, although it may frequently be refilled with money for travel at local businesses or refill machines located in public areas.
Passengers on long-distance buses may usually purchase tickets from the driver.
Distances in Svealand and Götaland may be covered in a day by vehicle, while in Norrland, distances can be tens of kilometers, and towns can be tens of kilometers apart. Air or train travel is frequently quicker when it is available. Traveling at night may be hazardous owing to the presence of wild creatures on the roadways and the chilly evenings of winter. Two of the major roads are the E4 across Sweden and the E6 between Sweden and Norway. While traffic in Sweden is less aggressive than in Denmark or Central Europe, traffic jams are frequent in the Stockholm and Gothenburg areas.
Sweden has one of the lowest rates of car accidents in Europe. Everyone in the vehicle is required to wear a seatbelt. Driving when fatigued is prohibited and is regarded the same as driving while intoxicated or under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Animal crashes involving moose, deer, and wild boar are a significant risk; these animals are often seen on the road, particularly at dawn and night. Because the moose is such a large and hefty animal (up to 700 kg and 2.1 m shoulder height), a collision may be fatal.
Drunk driving is a severe offense, and the rules are rigorously enforced, with heavy penalties by worldwide standards. The legal limit of 0.02 percent is lower than in most other Western nations, and one drink may put you over the limit. Infractions are punishable by a substantial fine and/or a jail term of up to 6 months, while severe violations of 0.1 percent or greater are punishable by a guaranteed prison sentence of up to 2 years. If you intend to drink, bring a designated driver, hire a cab, or take public transportation.
Sweden has a reputation for being a tough nation to hitchhike in, but it is nevertheless feasible. Ordinary folks are frequently wary about picking up strangers. Target truck drivers since they are the most likely to pick up hitchhikers. Asking at petrol stations is a good way to start. Bus stops are popular locations to draw attention; position yourself ahead of the bus stop so that the vehicle may stop there. This works best if the road near the bus stop is expanded to enable vehicles to easily turn off.
Most Swedish cities have good bicycle routes, and hiring a bike may be a fast and healthy way to get about. Borrowing bicycles is available in certain cities. Inter-city riding is an excellent choice for experienced cyclists.
Unlike in most other European nations, bicycles are not permitted on trains, with the exception of folding bicycles, which count as normal baggage.
Cars are obliged by law to stop at any unattended crosswalks (zebra stripes on the road without red lights) to allow people to cross. However, bear in mind that you must establish eye contact with the driver so that they are aware that you are going to cross the street.