Spain is a member of the Schengen Agreement.
- There are normally no border controls between the countries that have signed and implemented the treaty. This includes most countries of the European Union and a few other countries.
- Before boarding an international flight or ship, there is usually an identity check. Sometimes there are temporary checks at land borders.
- Similarly, a visa issued for a member of the Schengen area is valid in all other countries that have signed and implemented the treaty.
EU, EEA and Swiss nationals entering Spain with an identity card, under the age of 18 and travelling without their parents, must obtain written permission from their parents. For more information, see this website of the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.
Nationals of Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Mauritius, St Kitts and Nevis and the Seychelles are allowed to work in Spain without requiring a visa or other authorisation for the duration of their 90-day stay. However, this possibility to work without a visa does not necessarily extend to the other countries of the Schengen area.
If you arrive by plane from a non-Schengen country, you have to fill in a short form with an address in Spain, for example a hotel or hostel. This address does not seem to be strictly checked, but you will not be admitted if you have not provided an address.
A stay of more than 90 days for non-EEA or Swiss citizens almost always requires a prior visa. If the stay is longer than 6 months, a residence permit (Titulo de Residencia) must be applied for within the first 30 days of entering Spain.
There are several ways to enter Spain. From neighbouring European countries, one can arrive by car or train; from a number of Mediterranean countries, there are more or less regular ferry connections; visitors from more distant countries will probably use the plane.
Minimum validity of travel documents
- EU, EEA and Swiss citizens only need to present a passport or identity card valid on the day of entry.
- Other nationals must present a passport valid for the duration of their stay in Spain.
- For more information on the minimum validity of travel documents, see the Spanish government website.