The Three Towers of San Marino are situated in the city on the three summits of Monte Titano. They appear on both the San Marino flag and the coat of arms. The three towers are: Guaita, the oldest (built in the 11th century); Cesta, built in the thirteenth century and situated on the highest of Monte Titano’s peaks; and Montale, built in the 14 century and still privately held.
The main university is the Università degli Studi della Repubblica di San Marino, which includes the Scuola Superiore di Studi Storici di San Marino (Advanced School of Historical Studies), a distinguished research and advanced international study center governed by an international Scientific Committee coordinated by professor Luciano Canfora. The Istituto Musicale Sammarinese (Sammarinese Musical Institute) and the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino (Accademia Internazionale delle Scienze San Marino) are two more significant institutions (International Academy of Sciences San Marino). The latter is well-known for using Esperanto as a teaching and scientific publishing language, as well as for making extensive use of computerized educational technologies (also called e-learning).
Umberto Eco, an Italian novelist, tried to establish a “university without physical buildings” in San Marino.
Football is the most popular sport in San Marino. Basketball and volleyball are other prominent sports. San Marino Football Federation, San Marino Basketball Federation, and San Marino Volleyball Federation are the three sports’ federations.
The San Marino Grand Prix, a Formula One event, was named after the state, but it did not take place there. Instead, it was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in Imola, Italy, approximately 100 kilometers (62 miles) northwest of San Marino. In 2007, this international event was dropped from the schedule.
The San Marino and Rimini’s Coast motorcycle Grand Prix, as well as the San Marino round of the World Superbike Championship, were restored in the calendar in 2007.
T & A San Marino, San Marino’s professional baseball club, competes in the highest level of Italian professional baseball, the Serie A1. It has hosted the European Cup competition for the best European professional baseball clubs on numerous occasions, including in 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2007. It won the title in 2006 and finished second in 2010.
San Marino has had limited success at the Olympic Games, with 0 medals to its name.
San Marino’s cuisine is quite similar to that of Italy, particularly that of the neighboring Emilia-Romagna and Marche regions, although it has its own distinct dishes and products. The Torta Tre Monti (“Dessert of the Three Mountains” or “Cake of the Three Towers”), a wafer-layered chocolate-covered cake representing San Marino’s Three Towers, is perhaps its most famous. There is also a minor wine industry in the nation.
In 2008, the Historic Centre and Mount Titano were included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The decision was made at the 32nd Session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, which met in Québec, Canada, and was attended by representatives from 21 countries.
The nation has a strong and rich musical history that is intimately connected to that of Italy but also extremely distinct in its own right. Composers such as the Sammarinese Francesco Maria Marini di Pesaro produced some of the greatest works of the 17th century.
San Marino has competed in the Eurovision Song Contest six times, reaching the final for the first time in 2014 with Valentina Monetta’s third appearance and the song Maybe.