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EuropeRussian FederationLanguage & Phrasebook in Russia

Language & Phrasebook in Russia

Russian Federation

Russia | Introduction

Russian Federation

How To Travel To Russia

Russian Federation

How To Travel Around Russia

Russian Federation

Visa & Passport Requirements for Russia

Russian Federation

Destinations in Russia

Russian Federation

Weather & Climate in Russia

Russian Federation

Accommodation & Hotels in Russia

Russian Federation

Things To See in Russia

Russian Federation

Things To Do in Russia

Russian Federation

Food & Drinks in Russia

Russian Federation

Money & Shopping in Russia

Russian Federation

Festivals & Holidays in Russia

Russian Federation

Language & Phrasebook in Russia

Russian Federation

Internet & Communications in Russia

Russian Federation

Traditions & Customs in Russia

Russian Federation

Culture Of Russia

Russian Federation

History Of Russia

Russian Federation

Stay Safe & Healthy in Russia


Russian is the main language in Russia. This language belongs to the East Slavic language family and is closely related to Ukrainian and Belarusian. Other Slavic languages such as Bulgarian, Croatian and Czech are not mutually intelligible, but still bear a slight resemblance. Russian is considered one of the most difficult languages for an English speaker to learn, mainly because of its very complicated grammar. You won’t learn the language in a short time; focus on learning a few key “pleasantries” and the Cyrillic alphabet (e.g. “ресторан” is spelled “restoran” in the Latin alphabet, meaning “restaurant”) so that you have a chance of recognising street names, labels and public signs. Familiarising yourself with the Cyrillic script is extremely useful and not very difficult, not only for Russia but also for a number of other countries.

Learning Russian is quite difficult. The script, Cyrillic, uses many letters of the Latin alphabet but gives them different sounds. The language uses three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neutral), six grammatical cases and falling stress, which makes it difficult for native English speakers to gain perspective.

English is becoming more and more of a requirement in the business world, and many Russians in the cities (especially in Moscow or St Petersburg, but also elsewhere) know enough English to communicate. Elsewhere, English is generally non-existent, so take a phrasebook with you and be prepared for slow communication with lots of interpretive gestures.

Russia has hundreds of languages and claims to support most of them. Soviet linguists documented them in the first decades of the USSR and made sure they had Cyrillic writing systems (except Karelian, Veps, Ingrian, Votic and Ter Sami). Some have become co-official local languages. Southern Russia is bordered by Turkic, Mongolian and Tungusic languages, the north by Finnish and Samoyedic languages. In the south-western corner there are a variety of Caucasian languages, and in the north-east some Chukotko-Kamchatk languages. However, a small amount of Russian is very useful for travellers wherever they are.

The Russian Orthodox religion is one of the oldest branches of Christianity in the world and continues to have a very large number of adherents, although it was suppressed during the communist period. The language spoken in Russian Orthodox services is Old Church Slavonic, which differs significantly from modern Russian.

Russia | Introduction

The Russian Federation, also known as Russia, is a federal state in Eurasia. With an area of 17,075,200 km2,...

How To Travel To...

By plane Moscow and St Petersburg are served by direct flights from most European capitals, and Moscow also has direct...

How To Travel Around...

By train Due to the vastness of the country and poor road safety, the best way to move around the...

Visa & Passport Requirements...

Visa Citizens of the following countries do not need a visa: Citizens of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (90 days,...

Destinations in Russia

Regions in Russia Central Russia (Moscow, Ivanovo Oblast, Kaluga Oblast, Kostroma Oblast, Moscow Oblast, Ryazan Oblast, Smolensk Oblast, Tver Oblast,...

Weather & Climate in...

The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many regions from the sea lead to the predominance of...

Accommodation & Hotels in...

In most cities, quality hotels are really rare: most were built in Soviet times several decades ago and have...

Things To See in...

Russia is huge, and the attractions for visitors are exceptionally long, although many of them are in hard-to-reach areas...

Things To Do in...

Music - Russia has a long musical tradition and is known for its composers and performers. There is no...

Food & Drinks in...

Food in Russia The foundations of Russian cuisine were laid by the peasant diet in an often harsh climate, with...

Money & Shopping in...

Money in Russia Throughout its history, Russia has had different versions of the rouble (рубль), which is divided into 100...

Festivals & Holidays in...

Official holidays New Year holidays In addition to New Year's Day (Новый год Novy god), 1 January, 2 January and 5...

Internet & Communications in...

Telephones The country code for Russia (and Kazakhstan as a former member of the Soviet Union) is 7. Russian telephone numbers...

Traditions & Customs in...

Russians are reserved and well-mannered people. Gestures In Russia, smiling is traditionally reserved for friends, and smiling at a stranger can...

Culture Of Russia

Folk culture and cuisine There are more than 160 different ethnic groups and indigenous peoples in Russia. The country's great...

History Of Russia

An imperial power Russian identity dates back to the Middle Ages, with the first state known as Kievan Rus and...

Stay Safe & Healthy...

Stay safe in Russia Largely as a result of the transition from state socialism to market capitalism, Russia experienced an...

Cheap destinations as alternatives

We know that all of you love Rome, Munich and the Cote d’Azur. And of course, all these places have their own charm and...

Cuba: Are you already late for a visit?

Island of cigars, rum, music and old cars. Island is full of lot of contrast. With numerous untouched beaches, mountain forests and bustling cities...

Is There A Possibility To Open The Door Of The Plane During The Flight?

Many passengers are troubled by the question of whether the plane's doors can be opened during the flight. “Technically the door can open if you...