Thursday, August 11, 2022

Culture Of Romania

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Arts and monuments

By the end of the 18th century, academics from the Transylvanian School were debating the origins of the Romanians. Several writers rose to prominence in the nineteenth century, including George Coșbuc, Ioan Slavici, Mihail Kogălniceanu, Vasile Alecsandri, Nicolae Bălcescu, Ion Luca Caragiale, Ion Creangă, and Mihai Eminescu, the latter being regarded as the greatest and most influential Romanian poet, particularly for his poem Luceafărul. Tristan Tzara, Marcel Janco, Mircea Eliade, Nicolae Grigorescu, Marin Preda, Liviu Rebreanu, Eugène Ionesco, Emil Cioran, and Constantin Brâncuși were among the Romanian artists who achieved worldwide recognition in the twentieth century. The latter has a sculptural ensemble in Târgu Jiu, and his work Bird in Space sold for $27.5 million at auction in 2005. Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel, who was born in Romania, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986, while writer Herta Müller received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2009.

Among the prominent Romanian painters are Nicolae Grigorescu, Stefan Luchian, and Ion Andreescu. Theodor Aman and Nicolae Tonitza Ciprian Porumbescu, Anton Pann, Eduard Caudella, Mihail Jora, Dinu Lipatti, and notably George Enescu are notable Romanian classical composers of the 19th and 20th century. The annual George Enescu Festival is held in Bucharest in commemoration of the composer of the same name who lived in the twentieth century. Angela Gheorghiu, Gheorghe Zamfir, Inna, Alexandra Stan, and many more contemporary musicians have gained varying degrees of worldwide recognition. Romanian artists finished third in the Eurovision Song Contest in 2005 and 2010.

Several films from the Romanian New Wave have received worldwide recognition. Cristian Mungiu’s film 4 Months, 3 Weeks, and 2 Days won the Palme d’Or at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival. Child’s Pose, directed by Călin Peter Netzer, received the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival in 2013.

Six cultural monuments in Romania are on the list of World Heritage Sites, including eight Painted churches of northern Moldavia, eight Wooden Churches of Maramureş, seven Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania, the Horezu Monastery, and the Historic Centre of Sighişoara. Sibiu, with its Brukenthal National Museum, was named European Capital of Culture in 2007. In Romania, there are many castles, including the famous tourist sites of Peleș Castle, Corvin Castle, and “Dracula’s Castle.”

Holidays, traditions and cuisine

There are 12 non-working public holidays, including the Great Merger Day on December 1st, which commemorates Transylvania’s 1918 union with Romania. Winter holidays include Christmas and New Year’s Eve celebrations, which include a variety of distinctive traditional dances and games such as plugușorul, sorcova, ursul, and capra. Traditional Romanian clothing, which had largely gone out of favor throughout the twentieth century, is a popular ceremonial vestment worn during these events, particularly in rural regions. After 2007, the sacrifice of live pigs at Christmas and lambs at Easter required a specific exemption from EU legislation. Painted eggs are popular around Easter, while the 1st of March celebrates mărțișor giving, a Thracian custom.

Romanian food is related to other Balkan cuisines such as Greek, Bulgarian, and Turkish cuisine. Ciorbă contains a broad variety of sour soups, while main dishes often include mititei, mămăligă (similar to polenta), and sarmale. The most common meats are pork, chicken, and beef, although lamb and fish are also popular. Certain traditional dishes are prepared specifically for the holidays: chiftele, tobă, and tochitura for Christmas; drob, pască, and cozonac for Easter and other Romanian festivals. uică is a powerful plum brandy with a 70% alcohol concentration that is the country’s traditional alcoholic beverage, accounting for up to 75% of the national harvest (Romania is one of the largest plum producers in the world). Traditional alcoholic drinks include wine, rachiu, palincă, and vişinată, although beer usage has skyrocketed in recent years.

How To Travel To Romania

By plane Romania has 17 civilian airports, with 12 of them presently serving scheduled international flights. The major international airports are as follows: Bucharest's Henri Coandă (Otopeni) Airport is the largest and busiest, with flights to nearly all major European cities, a few Middle Eastern capitals, and all other Romanian cities,...

How To Travel Around Romania

Due to the vast distances that must be traversed in Romania, getting around is difficult and inefficient (this is after all, the second-largest country in Central Europe, after Poland). Even while roads remain a weakness, the transportation infrastructure has lately improved considerably. There are three operating roads connecting Bucharest...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Romania

Due to its location and the fact that it is serviced by a variety of transportation kinds and businesses, Romania is accessible from almost every corner of the globe. Romania is dedicated to adopting the Schengen Agreement, despite the fact that it has yet to do so. An officially authorized...

Destinations in Romania

Regions in Romania TransylvaniaIt is Romania's most well-known area, with strong Hungarian (Szekely) and German (Saxon) influences. A country with historic castles and villages, gloomy woods, snowy peaks (particularly in the Transylvanian Alps), as well as lively cities. BanatRomania's westernmost province is perhaps the most economically developed. The western plains have...

Accommodation & Hotels in Romania

Finding a place to stay in Romania is simple at any price. As soon as you arrive at the railway station in any tourist destination, many individuals will approach you and ask whether you need accommodation or if you can book it in advance. The individuals that greet you...

Things To See in Romania

Whether you're searching for breathtaking scenery, old cultural traditions, busy city life, or exquisite historic legacy, there's much to see in Romania. This nation has a variety of great sites, particularly if you want to acquire a sense of ancient Europe, the period of monasteries and castles. Cities and castles The...

Things To Do in Romania

Visit a church - Romania is one of Europe's most devout nations, and the Orthodox church is everywhere. You will undoubtedly want to see several cathedrals and monasteries for their beauty and history, but why not take the opportunity to attend an Orthodox mass? The crowd is typically standing,...

Food & Drinks in Romania

Food in Romania Romanian cuisine is different but recognizable to most people, combining Balkan and Central European flavors, but it also has certain distinctive features. The delicious sarmale, ardei umpluţi (stuffed peppers), mămăligă (pr. muhmuhliguh, polenta), bulz (traditional roasted polenta, filled with at least two kinds of cheeses, bacon, and...

Money & Shopping in Romania

Currency Romania's national currency is the leu (plural lei), which literally translates as "lion" in Romanian. There are 100 bani in a leu (singular ban). The new leu (code RON) replaced the old leu (code ROL) on July 1, 2005, at a rate of 10,000 old lei for one new...

Festivals & Holidays in Romania

Official non-working holidays DateLocal nameEnglish nameRemarksJanuary 1Anul NouNew Year's Day January 2Anul NouDay after New Year's DayJanuary 24Unirea Principatelor Române/Mica UnireUnion Day/Small UnionIt celebrates the unification of the Romanian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859, and the foundation of the Romanian modern state.April/MayPașteleEasterThe official holiday is the Orthodox Easter. The...

Internet & Communications in Romania

Mobile phones Mobile phones are widely used in Romania. There are five networks: four GSM/3G (Orange Romania, Vodafone, Telekom, and DigiMobil) and one CDMA (Orange Romania, Vodafone, Telekom, and DigiMobil) (Zapp). Orange and Vodafone have almost complete nationwide coverage (98-99 percent of the country's surface), while German Telekom is rapidly...

Language & Phrasebook in Romania

Romanian, limba română, is the country's official language. It is a Romance language related to Latin and Italian. It was formalized in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Slavic words account for 10% of Romanian vocabulary, whereas Turkish, Hungarian, and German words account for less than 5%. Romanian minorities...

Traditions & Customs in Romania

Romanians are very welcoming. They welcome foreign visitors in the countryside and small towns, and they may even ask you to lunch on occasion. As is typical among Romania's Balkan neighbors, Romanians will persist when giving anything since "no" does not always mean "no," and they just think it...

History Of Romania

In ancient times, the area of modern-day Romania was mostly populated by Dacian tribes, who had a unique, though little-known, civilization. The Dacian empire reached its zenith in the first century BC, when its monarch Burebista reigned over a large area extending from Central Europe to the Black Sea...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Romania

Stay Safe in Romania While violence against foreign visitors is uncommon, you should not leave your common sense at home if you plan to spend your holiday in Romania. In general, crime is confined to small thefts and typical frauds, with nothing more to worry a visitor about. You should...

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