The majority of Europe’s major airlines fly into and out of Poland. LOT Polish Airlines is Poland’s national airline and a Star Alliance member, running the Miles&More frequent flyer program with many other European Star Alliance members. Most other European legacy carriers retain at least one link to Poland, while a number of low-cost airlines, notably WizzAir , EasyJet, Germanwings [www], Norwegian, and Ryanair, also fly to Poland.
While Poland has numerous international airports and international air traffic is increasing, Warsaw’s Chopin Airport (WAW) remains the country’s primary international hub. It is the only airport with direct intercontinental flights – LOT travels to Beijing, Toronto, New York, and Chicago, while Qatar Airways and Emirates fly to their Middle Eastern bases, allowing access to their extensive worldwide networks. Most European airlines will also provide a link to Warsaw, enabling you to take advantage of connecting flights via their hubs.
Warsaw is the only city in Poland with two international airports; Modlin Airport (WMI) is near to the city and is mostly used by low-cost airlines.
Other significant airports served by airlines that provide intercontinental flights include:
- Kraków (KRK) – via Vienna, Rome, Moscow, Berlin, Helsinki, Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Munich and Warsaw
- Katowice (KTW) – via Munich, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt and Warsaw
- Gdańsk (GDN) – via Berlin, Frankfurt, Copenhagen, Oslo and Warsaw
- Poznań (POZ) – via Munich, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Copenhagen and Warsaw
- Wrocław (WRO) – via Frankfurt, Munich, Dusseldorf and Copenhagen and Warsaw
- Rzeszów (RZE) – via Frankfurt and Warsaw
- Łódź (LCJ) – via Copenhagen (due to proximity to Warsaw Chopin Airport, there are no flights to Warsaw from Łódź)
Among the smaller regional airports that provide international flights are:
- Bydgoszcz (BZG) (Great Britain and Ireland with Ryanair; Lufthansa started a Frankfurt route in March 2015 with 4 flights a week)
- Szczecin (SZZ) (intercontinental connections via Warsaw)
- Lublin (LUZ) opened in late 2012, serviced by Wizz Air and Ryanair
All of the airports mentioned above are also serviced by low-cost point-to-point airlines flying to European destinations. The most popular connections from Poland’s regional airports are to the United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, and Norway, where significant Polish communities create long-term demand for air travel. Flights are so frequent, and tickets may be purchased at a relatively low cost.
As the number of aircraft and passengers has grown considerably since 1990, a new terminal at Warsaw Chopin airport has been built, greatly increasing the airport’s capacity and viability as a transit hub. Airports at Katowice, Kraków, Pozna, Wrocaw, ód, and Rzeszów have been been upgraded to improve standards and capacity.
- Berlin, EuroCity “Berlin-Warszawa-Express (BWE)”, 4 trains per day, 5,5 hours, Berlin-Gdańsk
- Koeln, Hannover, Warsaw, EuroNight “Jan Kiepura”, everyday, 13 hours
- Bratislava, night train, every day
- Budapest, night train, every day
- Kiev via Lviv, Night Train, 16 hours
- Vienna, Night Train “Chopin”, every day, 9 hours, EuroCity “Sobieski”, everyday, 6 hours, EuroCity “Polonia”, every day, 8 hours
- Prague, Night Train “Chopin”, EuroCity “Praha”, every day, 9.5 hours
- Paris, Strasbourg, Night Train “Ost-West”, every day, 17 hours
- Moscow, Night Train “Ost-West”, every day, 20.5 hours
- by regional trains: Berlin-Kostrzyn (1h15m, every hour), Berlin-Szczecin (2h, 2 direct daily, but many with one change in Angermünde), Dresden-Wrocław (3h, 3 daily)
You may enter Poland through one of the numerous routes that connect Poland to its neighboring nations. Checkpoints at border crossings with other EU nations have been eliminated since Poland’s accession to the Schengen Zone.
However, lines on Poland’s non-EU borders with Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia remain long, and in regions clogged with truck traffic, it may take several hours to cross.
Many international bus routes link major Polish cities with the majority of major European cities.
- Voyager is a website that enables you to discover the majority of international bus connections (Eurolines, Ecolines, PPKS, Visitor, Inter-bus and more)
- Eurolines (from: A, BY, B, HR, CZ, DK, GB, EST, F, D, GR, NL, I, LV, LT, N, RUS, E, S, CH, UA), biggest European bus network.
- PolskiBus.com Comfortable low-cost bus service to and from Berlin, Vienna, Prague, and Bratislava. It is the most affordable choice for those who prepare ahead of time.
- Simple Express
- bus4us.eu – The website bus4us.eu enables you to hire a bus for an organized group of travelers. The website offers a wide variety of vehicles, from inexpensive buses to luxury coaches.
- From Sweden: Ystad (7–9 hours, 215 zł) by Unity Line ; Karlskrona (10 hours, 140-220 zł) by Stena Line; Nynäshamn (18 hours, 230-270 zł), Visby (13.5 hours, 170 zł), Ystad (9.5 hours, 230 zł) by Polferries
- From Denmark: Copenhagen (9–12 hours, 220 zł), Bornholm/Rønne (5 hours, 125 zł) by Polferries
- From Germany: Rostock (~15 h) by Finnlines
Along the Polish coast, there are more and more ports, at least at every river mouth. Larger marinas may be found at Szczecin, eba, Hel, Gdynia, and Gdask. Gdask has two yacht docks: one in the ancient market square , which is often overcrowded, and one near the city center, close to the Baltic Sea. The newest yacht dock is situated on Sopot’s longest wooden pier . Despite the fact that Poland has a large number of sailors, the country’s maritime infrastructure still needs to be upgraded.
From Czech Republic
- Local, express, and rapid trains (but not IC or EC!) sell a special cross-border ticket (“bilet przechodowy” in Polish) that is valid between Czech and Polish border stations (or vice versa) and costs just CZK15 or 2 z. You may buy it from the conductor on the train (or completely disregard it if the conductor does not emerge before you reach the other border station, which happens) and combine it with domestic tickets from both countries to your advantage (the one you buy before departure and another one you may buy if your train stops for an amount of time in the first station after the border and you have time to quickly reach for the ticket office – or you buy the other domestic ticket at the conductor with a low surcharge).
- If you are around the Czech-German-Polish border, you may take advantage of the ZVON transportation system’s uniform fare:
- The railway in the Krkonoe/Karkonosze mountains between Harrachov (Czech Republic) and Szklarska Porba (Poland) has been out of service since World War II and was restored in summer 2010. There were 5 trains each day in January 2013. The trip takes approximately 30 minutes.
- After a multi-year electrification project, there are currently multiple trains each day between Lichkov (Czech Republic) and Midzylesie (Poland). However, if you arrive by the final train of the day, which ends before the border, you may be able to stroll to the other side. Following the traffic instructions to Brno, you may approach the border by following the route and going through the settlements of Smreczyna and Boboszów. After crossing the border, take a sharp right at the crossroads and walk the rest of the way to Lichkov. There is a lot of flat land there. This is a 13-kilometer diversion, but although the railway is somewhat shorter, you should not follow it since it passes through a dark forest, putting you in danger of colliding with night freight trains and, of course, breaking the law.
- Guchoazy, a Polish railway station, is serviced by Czech trains running between Jesenk and Krnov and may be accessed with a domestic Czech train ticket (with “Gluchlolazy” as the destination). You may also purchase a ticket beginning at that station or a return ticket in advance, however you cannot purchase Czech tickets at the station. There are no longer any Polish trains leaving from Guchoazy to the rest of Poland; only buses from the city (1,5 km walk from the station) are available.
- There are just a few daily connections between Bohumn (Czech Republic) and Chaupki (Poland; formerly named Annaberg and located on the three-country border of the Czech Republic, Germany, and Poland), however crossing the border on foot is simple if you miss your connection. Bohumn is a significant Czech railway station, while Chaupki is a train terminal serving central Poland. Between the two locations, you travel through the Czech town of Star Bohumn, which is located exactly at the border, which is temporarily created by the river Odra in this location, which you cross on an ancient pedestrian bridge. The walk is totally level, nearly straight, passes almost entirely through populated areas, and is very short in length (5 kilometres).
- The split city of Český Těšín (Czech Republic) / Cieszyn (Poland) is a popular border crossing point. If you get to one of them, you can walk to the other quite comfortably and quickly (20 minutes from one station to another). The boundary is formed by the river Ole/Olza in the city center. The railway stations in Český Těšín and Cieszyn are well connected to other cities.
If you located close the Czech-German-Polish border, you may take advantage of the ZVON transportation system’s single fare.
- While the major railway linking Lithuania and Poland is now passing via Belarus (where most people cannot visit without a visa), there is still a smaller line that links the two countries directly. The border crossing points are etokai (Lithuania) and Suwaki (Japan) (Poland). Because of the differing rail gauges used between the two nations, there are only a few passenger connections each day, and you must change trains at the border.
- If you’re traveling a longer distance, using the bus between Vilnius and Warsaw is a popular way to cross the border.