Because to the hilly terrain and lack of well-maintained roads, it is common to encounter poorly marked abrupt bends, as well as dangerous obstacles that separate your tires from sheer cliffs. The northern section of the highway network has a short length of road with distinct directions, with a stated speed limit of 120km/h and which connects Skopje to Tetovo and Gostivar in the west, as well as the Alexander the Great Airport and Kumanovo in the east. As with other toll collection schemes, the tolls on the motorways are based on toll booths located every 20 km (often after leaving and approaching major towns, and this means you will pay twice if you drive from Skopje to Tetovo, the two neighbouring cities) (for motorcycles and cars, which is often 20 or 30 den).
You should always be sure your tires are in excellent adequate condition. The weather in the highlands (Ohrid, Bitola) is drastically different from that of where you are coming from, particularly in spring and fall.
Every country’s directional signs display town names in Cyrillic (the Macedonian variant of the Greek alphabet) and their Roman transliterations, along with another local language, which is almost always Albanian.
National trains are sluggish, but they are a better option than hot, packed buses in the summer. The major railway route connects Skopje and Bitola, as well as Skopje and Gevgelia. There are no trains that go to Ohrid.
Buses are perhaps the most popular mode of transportation in the nation, and they are regular and dependable, though a little sluggish and antiquated at times (though not exactly dilapidated). Typically, the tickets are printed in Macedonian, with no English translations or even Roman transliterations given. It is possible to hail buses directly on the streets, in which case you will pay the driver on board, but if there are no free seats available, this means you will be standing for the whole of the trip, which is unlikely to be the greatest travel experience. The names of bus firms are often inscribed in the Roman script on the livery, although they are shown in Cyrillic on the tickets. Rule Turs (Руле Турс), Galeb (Галеб), and Classic Company (Класик Компани) are examples of well-known national enterprises. The destination signage in front of the buses are in Macedonian, as well as the other popular local language of the destination, which is usually Albanian.
Taxis are perhaps the most popular form of transportation for visitors in Macedonia. Most will charge a fixed fee of MKD30 (MKD50 in Skopje) plus additional miles. Be cautious while negotiating the fare ahead of time. Prices above MKD100 are considered costly inside city boundaries, despite the fact that the sum merely translates to a few US dollars. Macedonian cities are considerably smaller in contrast to other Western industrialized nations, and driving from one side of the city to the other takes just around 10–15 minutes. This should equal to approximately MKD100-150 in Skopje, the capital and biggest city.
The exception to this norm is during high tourist seasons, especially in Ohrid. Summer is the most lucrative season for many small enterprises in Ohrid (and for others, the only profitable season), including taxi drivers. As a result, for the same route, many drivers may charge up to three times the flat cost. Most cabs will insist on charging at least MKD100, often known as “sto denari” or “stotka” (slang term for a one hundred denar bill). This is often exorbitant, but you may either haggle the price down to 80 or even 70 denars to be fair, or just bargain hunt. During busy seasons, it is possible to find drivers willing to travel as low as 40 miles per hour. Never feel compelled to take an expensive cab.
You can find lots of craft for charter on Lake Ohrid, which will provide you access to all of the lake’s scenery for a very low cost.