Montenegrin is the official language. It is almost identical to Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian. Albanian is widely spoken in municipalities with an Albanian majority (Ulcinj) or a significant minority (Plav, Gusinje), as well as the Malesia area in Podgorica municipality. Slovenian and Macedonian may also be spoken. Despite the fact that their languages are almost similar, people differentiate between the Montenegrin, Serb, Croat, and Bosniak nationalities, with Montenegrins being a small majority. Montenegrin may be written in both Cyrillic and Latin scripts. Latin text is much more prevalent in Montenegro than in neighboring Serbia and the Serbian part of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Many individuals in Podgorica and the surrounding region speak English, although this is not always the case in the north. Some elderly individuals have a working understanding of German. Italian is also extremely useful, particularly near the seaside. Russian, which is related to the Slavic languages and is spoken by many elderly individuals.