Regions in Lithuania
The country’s complex historical history is reflected in regional variations in Lithuanian culture. In the present territory of Lithuania, five ethnic areas, or regions, have emerged since the thirteenth century:
Northeastern and eastern region; the name means Highlands
Žemaitija (meaning Lowlands), north-western region
Southern and south-western region
Even today, these ethnic areas vary in languages, ways of life, and behavior patterns, while there were significant variations in clothing and household styles, as well as village layout, until the turn of the century.
Lithuania is rightly proud of its inexhaustible traditional treasures: vibrant costumes, meandering melodies, a plethora of tales and legends, resonant dialects, and a voluminous language. Ethnographic and folklore groups, as well as barn theaters, help to preserve this ethnographic legacy. Ethnographic crafts and culinary traditions have seen a resurgence in recent years. During numerous events and festivals, folk craft fairs and live craft days are held.
Cities in Lithuania
- Vilnius, the country’s capital, is home to many historic churches.
- Between the two world wars, Kaunas was the second largest city and the temporary capital.
- Klaipėda is Lithuania’s third-largest city and is known for its summer festivities.
- Šiauliai — Lithuania’s fourth-largest city, featuring a sun-themed motif and specialized museums.
- Trakai — Trakai is located on the banks of numerous lakes.
Other destinations in Lithuania
- Aukštaitija National Park — In the summer, Auktaitija National Park is a region of lakes, hills, and forests that is famous for water tourism and rural tourism.
- Curonian Spit — unusual flora sand dunes, coastal woodland, white sandy beaches, and historic ethnic settlements
- Dzūkija National Park — The largest forest (Dainavos) and swamp (epkeli) in the nation, as well as several ancient distinctive settlements in the midst of the woods.
- Hill of Crosses — North of Šiauliai, there is a religious place.
- Kernavė — Formerly the capital of Lithuania, it is today a well-preserved ancient monument on the banks of the river Neris.
- Purnuskes is considered to be the geographic center of Europe by some.
- Žemaičių Kalvarija — well-known pilgrimage destination; most people arrive in early July to attend a major church festival.